Device could help people with 'locked-in' syndrome

To help people with locked-in syndrome to communicate, researchers at the Wyss Centre for Bio and Neuroengineering in Geneva created a new brain-computer interface.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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In 2017, Darren Leith had a stroke that left him in a locked-in state. This recent story on Leith reminded me that many patients seek to hasten their death not because of their (non-fixable) medical condition but because of their (potentially fixable) social condition. While Leith has not sought to end his life, his depression comes not so much from the locked-in condition as much as from the fact that he is 100 miles away from his family in a neuro-rehabilitation center.  The last time Leith’s daughter visited him, he spelled out five words by using his eyes to point to letters on a board - "take me home you two." 
Source: blog.bioethics.net - Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Tags: Health Care syndicated Source Type: blogs
ConclusionResults showed lack of effectiveness of the task to detect voluntary brain activity and thus detect consciousness or communicate with non-responsive individuals. The application must be modified to be sufficiently satisfying for the intended end-users and suggestions are made in this regard.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
Locked-in syndrome (LIS) is a state of quadriplegia and anarthria with preserved consciousness, which is generally triggered by a disruption of specific white matter fiber tracts, following a lesion in the ventral part of the pons. However, the impact of f...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Conclusion: Results showed lack of effectiveness of the task to detect voluntary brain activity and thus detect consciousness or communicate with non-responsive individuals. The application must be modified to be sufficiently satisfying for the intended end-users and suggestions are made in this regard.
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
AbstractA point made repeatedly over the last few years is that the Locked-in Syndrome (LIS) offers unique real-life material for revisiting and challenging certain ingrained philosophical assumptions about the nature of personhood and personal identity. Indeed, the claim has been made that a closer study of LIS will call into question some of the traditional conceptions of personhood that primarily highlight the significance of consciousness, self-consciousness and autonomy and suggest the need for a more interpersonal account of the person. I am skeptical about these claims and will in the following argue that the theore...
Source: Neuroethics - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
AbstractThis paper looks to phenomenology and enactive cognition in order to shed light on the self and sense of self of patients with locked-in syndrome. It critically discusses the concept of the minimal self, both in its phenomenological and ontological dimension. Ontologically speaking, the self is considered to be equal to a person ’s sensorimotor embodiment. This bodily self also grounds the minimal sense of self as being a distinct experiential subject. The view from the minimal bodily self presupposes that sociality comes after the self, or that in other words, the essence of self remains independent of our s...
Source: Neuroethics - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This report illustrates the critical role of a patient-centered and goal-driven interdisciplinary team approach in the rehabilitation of persons with central pontine myelinolysis. Implications for rehabilitation Central Pontine Myelinolysis can result in profound acute disability, including incomplete locked-in syndrome. Interdisciplinary post-acute rehabilitation is beneficial in maximizing functional recovery and minimizing secondary complications for individuals with Central Pontine Myelinolysis. Ongoing clinical assessment and team collaboration contribute to progressive and comprehensive plan of care devel...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
BACKGROUND: Locked-in syndrome (LIS) is a rare neurological disorder characterised as quadriplegia with anarthria. The diagnosis of LIS is challenging and requires a high index of suspicion. The syndrome is typically due to an infratentorial lesion to the ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
ConclusionSimon Vlieghe, Domoticien en Santé, vous propose de vous pencher sur la question de l’importance de la domotique et de sa plus-value sur le bien-être des patients, leur autonomie, mais également l’allègement de la charge de travail pour vos aides-soignants en apportant la possibilité aux patients, jusqu’ici considérée comme très dépendant, de pouvoir enfin faire des actions eux-mêmes.
Source: Journal of Neuroradiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Date: Tuesday, 03 26, 2019; Speaker: Dr. Manzure Mawla; Dr. David Lewis, University of Pittsburgh, Department of Psychiatry; Building: Building 10 (Clinical Center); Lipsett Auditorium; CME Credit
Source: NIH Calendar of Events - Category: American Health Source Type: events
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