Kenya: Sleeping Sickness On the Rise, Warn Experts

[Nation] Kenya Tsetse and Trypanosomiasis Eradication Council (KENTTEC) has warned of rise in cases of sleeping sickness in the country.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news

Related Links:

Credit: UNBy Ifeanyi Nsofor and Adaeze OrehABUJA, Mar 30 2020 (IPS) As COVID-19 surges globally and leaves fear and panic in its wake, global efforts are underway to find a cure. Yet, the same level of response is lacking for several other infectious diseases that kill millions annually. These kinds of neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a broad group of communicable diseases which affect more than two billion people and cost developing economies billions of dollars every year. Lassa Fever is an example and is endemic in Nigeria and other West African countries such as Benin, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) Source Type: news
The sleeping sickness parasite,Trypanosoma brucei, uses quorum sensing (QS) to balance proliferation and transmission potential in the mammal bloodstream. A signal transduction cascade regulates this process, a component of which is a divergent member of the DYRK family of protein kinases, TbDYRK. Phylogenetic and mutational analysis in combination with activity and phenotypic assays revealed that TbDYRK exhibits a pre-activated confirmation and an atypical HxY activation loop motif, unlike DYRK kinases in other eukaryotes. Phosphoproteomic comparison of TbDYRK null mutants with wild type parasites identified molecules tha...
Source: eLife - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Microbiology and Infectious Disease Source Type: research
Note to our Biomedical Beat readers: Echoing the sentiments NIH Director Francis Collins made on his blog, NIGMS is making every effort during the COVID-19 pandemic to keep supporting the best and most powerful science. In that spirit, we’ll continue to bring you stories across a wide range of NIGMS topics. We hope these posts offer a respite from the coronavirus news when needed. Mitosis is fundamental among all organisms for reproduction, growth, and cell replacement. When a cell divides, it’s vital that the two new daughter cells maintain the same genes as the parent. In one step of mitosis, chromosome...
Source: Biomedical Beat Blog - National Institute of General Medical Sciences - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Genes Cellular Processes Chromosomes Source Type: blogs
The ICAReB platform of Institut Pasteur provides access to human bio-resources for academic and private research teams worldwide, essentially in the fields of infection, immunity and neurosciences. More than 134,000 human quality controlled, duly annotated samples (mainly whole-blood derived products, but also stool, urine, saliva, swabs ….), from both healthy and diseased cohorts with open, regulated access, are available upon request. Both clinical investigation and biobanking activities are certified following ISO 9001:2015 and NF S96-900:2011 standards, respectively. ICAReB is a member of PIBnet (Pasteur Interna...
Source: Open Journal of Bioresources - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
Conclusions/SignificanceBy integrating such estimates with predictions of tsetse abundance, we propose a methodology to determine the optimal placement of sentinel monitoring sites for evaluating control programme efficacy, moving from a nuanced, ad-hoc approach incorporating intuition, knowledge of vector ecology and local knowledge of geographic accessibility, to a reproducible, quantifiable one.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Elimination programs targeting TriTryp diseases (Leishmaniasis, Chagas' disease, human African trypanosomiasis) significantly reduced the number of cases. Continued surveillance is crucial to sustain this progress, but parasite molecular surveillance by genotyping is currently lacking. We explain here which epidemiological questions of public health and clinical relevance could be answered by means of molecular surveillance. Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) for molecular surveillance will be an important added value, where we advocate that preference should be given to direct sequencing of the parasite's gen...
Source: Trends in Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Trends Parasitol Source Type: research
Conclusion: This study is one of the first studies related to the production of Trypanosoma species in Turkey and planned to provide a basis for the studies of African sleeping disease, Chagas disease and their agents. PMID: 32212582 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Turkish Society for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Turkiye Parazitol Derg Source Type: research
We report the first quantitative study of changes in protein and phosphorylation site abundance in response to heat shock in the clinically relevant form of the human parasite Trypanosoma brucei. The identification of heat shock responsive phosphorylation sites on proteins with putative roles in thermotolerance including the ZC3H11-MKT1 complex provides evidence of the role dynamic phosphorylation of RNA binding proteins in co-ordinating heat shock. Temperature changes in the host are a major physiological challenge to parasites and factors conferring tolerance to heat shock constitute overlooked virulence factors. A bette...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: J Proteomics Source Type: research
by Madison Elle Walsh, Eleanor Mary Naudzius, Savanah Jessica Diaz, Theodore William Wismar, Mikhail Martchenko Shilman, Danae SchulzTrypanosoma brucei are unicellular parasites endemic to Sub-Saharan Africa that cause fatal disease in humans and animals. Infection with these parasites is caused by the bite of the tsetse fly vector, and parasites living extracellularly in the blood of infected animals evade the host immune system through antigenic variation. Existing drugs for Human and Animal African Trypanosomiasis are difficult to administer and can have serious side effects. Resistance to some drugs is also increasing,...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
e;n D Abstract Human African trypanosomiasis is a life-threatening illness caused by Trypanosoma brucei. Owing to the toxic side effects of the available therapeutics, new medications for this disease are needed. One potential drug target is the 6-oxopurine phosphoribosyltransferases (PRTs), the activity of which is crucial to produce purine nucleotide monophosphates required for DNA and RNA synthesis. Inhibitors of the 6-oxopurine PRTs that show promising results as drug leads are the acyclic nucleoside phosphonates (ANPs). ANPs are very flexible in their structure, enabling important conformational changes to fa...
Source: Drug Discovery Today - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Drug Discov Today Source Type: research
More News: Sleeping Sickness