Psychological interventions for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in people with severe mental illness.

CONCLUSIONS: Very few trials have investigated TFPIs for individuals with SMI and PTSD. Results from trials of TF-CBT are limited and inconclusive regarding its effectiveness on PTSD, or on psychotic symptoms or other symptoms of psychological distress. Only one trial evaluated EMDR and provided limited preliminary evidence favouring EMDR compared to waiting list. Comparing TF-CBT head-to-head with EMDR and brief psychoeducation respectively, showed no clear effect for either therapy. Both TF-CBT and EMDR do not appear to cause more (or less) adverse effects, compared to waiting list or usual care; these findings however, are mostly based on low to very low-quality evidence. Further larger scale trials are now needed to provide high-quality evidence to confirm or refute these preliminary findings, and to establish which intervention modalities and techniques are associated with improved outcomes, especially in the long term. PMID: 28116752 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Related Links:

Alcohol is a dangerous substance. It is addictive, can deteriorate one’s health, and puts innocent people in danger. However, it is embraced and celebrated in society and there are many opportunities throughout life to try alcohol. Knowing that alcohol is dangerous and addictive can leave many people wondering, “why do people drink alcohol?” Soothe an Underlying Mental Health Condition One of the major reasons that individuals who suffer from alcohol use disorder drink are because they are suffering from an underlying mental health condition and are using alcohol to self-medicate. This condition can be e...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Alcohol Alcohol Rehab Information Alcoholism alcohol abuse alcohol treatment alcohol treatment center Source Type: blogs
Epidemiological studies demonstrate an association between asthma and mental health disorders, although little is known about the shared genetics and causality of this association. Thus, we aimed to investigate shared genetics and the causal link between asthma and mental health disorders. We conducted a large-scale genome-wide cross-trait association study to investigate genetic overlap between asthma from the UK Biobank and eight mental health disorders from the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium: attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), anxiety disorder (ANX), autism spectrum disorder, bipolar disorder, eating diso...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Asthma and allergy Original Articles: Asthma Source Type: research
ConclusionsRumination is known to be associated with poor prognosis in mental health. This study suggests that rumination is a maladaptive coping style associated not only with worry, distress and illness severity, but also with socioeconomic status. Also, rumination demonstrated a specific association with panic disorder.
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Scientists from 22 institutions, including UCLA, are recommending early diagnosis, prevention and treatment of severe chronic inflammation to reduce the risk of chronic disease and death worldwide.The group of international experts, which also includes scientists from the National Institutes of Health, Stanford University, Harvard Medical School, Columbia University Medical Center and University College London, point to inflammation-related diseases as the cause of 50 percent of all deaths worldwide.Inflammation is a naturally occurring response by the body ’s immune system that helps fight illness and infection. Whe...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
ConclusionOur panoramic meta-overview suggests that exercise can be an effective adjunctive treatment for improving symptoms across a broad range of mental disorders.
Source: Sports Medicine - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42016049701.FindingsWe identified 19 meta-analyses that included 559 primary studies, covering 28 outcomes in 4 089 547 participants. Childhood sexual abuse was associated with 26 of 28 specific outcomes: specifically, six of eight adult psychiatric diagnoses (ORs ranged from 2·2 [95% CI 1·8–2·8] to 3·3 [2·2–4·8]), all studied negative psychosocial outcomes (ORs ranged from 1·2 [1·1–1·4] to 3·4 [2·3–4·8]), and all physical health conditions (ORs ranged from 1·4 [1...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Authors: Bortolon C, Raffard S Abstract In a break with categorical and dimensional approaches and thus the classical medical model, the network approach applied to psychopathology constitutes a holistic approach to mental disorders. In this approach, mental disorders are conceived as an interconnected system of symptoms in which symptoms are the cause of each other. It is suggested that the interaction between the different symptoms would result in a feedback loop that leads to the installation and maintenance of these symptoms/disorders. In addition, this approach proposes that co-morbidities are the result of sy...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
After repeated exposure to a piece of information, people will start assuming it’s true, whether or not it actually is, simply because they’ve heard it so many times. Familiarity and repetition can overcome rationality, a phenomenon psychologists call the “illusory truth effect.” In a 24-hour period during the first weekend of August, two mass shootings—one in El Paso, Texas and the other in Dayton, Ohio—left 31 people dead and 53 injured, as of writing. In between “calls for action” and the need for “thoughts and prayers,” legislators across the political spectru...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized health Source Type: news
In this episode, our hosts discuss whether or not mental illness is a real disorder or if it’s just something that medical and pharmaceutical companies made up to make a profit.  SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “Instead of taking my psychiatric medications this morning, should I have just gone to yoga?” – Michelle Hammer Highlights from ‘Mental Illness Made Up’ Episode [2:00] Is mental illness real? [4:00] Yoga doesn’t cure all mental illnesses, just like it wouldn’t cure cancer. [16:00] Dealing with people who think mental illness is not real. [19:30] Eating disorders ar...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Brain and Behavior Disorders General Source Type: blogs
Police officers are often the first responders when someone is having a mental illness crisis.  But are members of law enforcement properly equipped for this job?  There are plenty of horrifying stories that would indicate that the answer is “no.”  How do we change this?  Join us as Gabe speaks with Officer Rebecca Skillern from the Huston, Texas, Police Department about how Houston is training its officers to respond to these difficult calls. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW   Guest information for ‘Policing and Crisis Intervention Training’ Podcast Episode   Officer Rebecca S...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Policy and Advocacy Relationships The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
More News: Anxiety | Behavioural Therapy | Cognitive Behavior Therapy | Databases & Libraries | Depression | Economics | General Medicine | Men | Post Traumatic Stress Disorder | Psychology | Schizophrenia | Study