Bioinformatics approach helps researchers find new use for old drug

By linking cancer gene expression patterns with drug activity, a research team has found a possible cancer therapy hidden in an antimicrobial agent. Using a novel bioinformatics approach, a team of researchers used a collection of gene expression data from human cancer cells treated with hundreds of small molecule drugs to help in the treatment of patients with advanced kidney cancer.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary data demonstrate that ozone therapy is a valid supportive therapy for fatigue in cancer patients, both during cancer therapy and in a palliative setting with no significant side effects. PMID: 30536352 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
We present a comprehensive knowledge of immune therapy through PD-1/PD-L1 blockade that argues how efficient the process is, in colon cancer carcinoma. In this review, we discuss the responsiveness of immunotherapy on PD-1/PD-L1 blockade and various tactics for overcoming weak responses to these checkpoint inhibitors in CRC. More research using controlled trials is required to enable new discoveries to provide continued success with immune-based therapies and grounds for optimism about the future of CRC patients.Graphical abstractThe mechanism of interaction between PD-1+ T-cells and PD-L1/2+ tumor cells.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS ARHGAP24 can suppress the development of MDA-MB-231 cells via the STAT3 signaling pathway, and sorafenib inhibits cell viability, migration, invasion, and STAT3 activation in MDA-MB-231 cells through ARHGAP24. PMID: 30499465 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Medical Science Monitor - Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research
We present a comprehensive knowledge of immune therapy through PD-1/PD-L1 blockade that argues how efficient the process is, in colon cancer carcinoma. In this review, we discuss the responsiveness of immunotherapy on PD-1/PD-L1 blockade and various tactics for overcoming weak responses to these checkpoint inhibitors in CRC. More research using controlled trials is required to enable new discoveries to provide continued success with immune-based therapies and grounds for optimism about the future of CRC patients. PMID: 30522017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biomedicine and pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine and pharmacotherapie - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biomed Pharmacother Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2019Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 48Author(s): Francisco F. Teles, João M. LemosAbstractDuring the last years several clinical decision support systems have been developed, some of which clearly improved the results obtained with standard clinical practice. However, this kind of decision computing process has not been quite explored in cancer treatment. In this work a control system that designs an optimal therapy based on adaptive control methods, aiming to allow the eradication of a metastatic renal cell carcinoma as quickly and efficiently as possible, and wit...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
AbstractMore than 3000 clinical trials are evaluating the clinical activity of the PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors as monotherapies and in combinations with other cancer therapies [1]. The PD-1 checkpoint inhibitors are remarkable for their clinical activities in shrinking tumors across a wide range of tumor types, in causing durable responses, and in their tolerability. These attributes position them as favorable agents in clinical combinations. Historically, approaches to cancer therapy combinations focused on agents with orthogonal activities to avoid shared resistance mechanisms and shared toxicities. Although CTLA-4/PD-1 c...
Source: Seminars in Immunopathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series represents the first description of potential skeletal adverse effects related to immune checkpoint inhibitors. These findings are important for providers caring for patients who experience musculoskeletal symptoms and may merit additional evaluation.
Source: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Abstract The combination of biologically active compounds and nanomaterials in biomedicine field is growing rapidly and provided excellent forecasts for the progress of facile non-invasive approaches for the diagnosis of cancer therapy. In this present study, we demonstrated that as-prepared gallic acid (GA) coated reduced graphene oxide (rGO) combined with radiofrequency (RF) ablation has facilitated for the treatment of human renal epithelial cancer (A-489) cells without disturbing the renal proximal epithelial (HK-2) cells. The successful biofabrication of GA onto the rGO nanostructure has been elaborated with ...
Source: Appl Human Sci - Category: Physiology Authors: Tags: Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: P3H4 suppressed the development of renal carcinoma through upregulating miR-1a and miR-13a, which provides fundamental leads for the future anti-cancer therapy. PMID: 30178839 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Publication date: 1 December 2018Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 93Author(s): Zhengyao Jiang, Hailong Jin, Shu Sun, Changqing Chen, Jie Zhang, Zefeng Guo, Xiaoyou LiuAbstractThe combination of biologically active compounds and nanomaterials in biomedicine field is growing rapidly and provided excellent forecasts for the progress of facile non-invasive approaches for the diagnosis of cancer therapy. In this present study, we demonstrated that as-prepared gallic acid (GA) coated reduced graphene oxide (rGO) combined with radiofrequency (RF) ablation has facilitated for the treatment of human renal epithe...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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