After half a century of research, psychology can ’t predict suicidal behaviours better than by coin flip

By guest blogger Tomasz Witkowski “There is but one truly serious philosophical problem and that is suicide” the French author and philosopher Albert Camus stated. But it is not only philosophers who are moved by this issue. Psychologists are seeking ways of preventing this tragic death, and health care organisations are sounding the alarm. Around a million people die at their own hand every year, which makes suicide the tenth most common cause of death. Additionally, for every completed suicide, there are 10 to 40 survived attempts, which means that in the USA alone 650,000 people each year are taken to emergency rooms following an attempt on their own life. Yet what is most disturbing is that the number of suicides is continually rising. The WHO reports that since the 1960s this number has grown over 60 per cent. Is psychology capable of identifying the risk factors that can push people to take their own lives? Joseph Franklin at Florida State University and his research team at the Technology and Psychopathy (TAP) Lab have provided an answer, but it is a disappointing one. Our capacity to predict whether someone will make a suicide attempt is no better than chance. What is worse, we have not made any progress in this area in the last half-century. These striking conclusions come as the result of a meta-analysis of 365 studies into suicide risk conducted over the last 50 years and published recently in Psychological Bulletin (pdf). Should these result...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: guest blogger Mental health Suicide/ self-harm Source Type: blogs

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CONCLUSION: Patients' qualitative feedback highlighted the potential feasibility and adaptability of the program for this population. The results of this preliminary study show promising avenues for research in the field of cancer patients' adaptive coping enhancement as well as reduce anxiety and depression symptoms. This type of workshop can be considered as complementary to individual psychotherapies as they may tap into different mechanisms that help foster psychological flexibility as the group format enhances decentering processes. Further research avenues are proposed in order to assess the efficacy of such interven...
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
Authors: Teismann T, Brailovskaia J Abstract The Integrated Motivational-Volitional (IMV) Model of suicide posits that the association between perceptions of entrapment and suicide ideation is buffered by so-called motivational moderators. The present study investigated, whether positive mental health as well as different facets of psychological well-being qualify as motivational moderators. Possible moderator effects were investigated in an online sample (N=301). Results demonstrated that positive mental health and psychological well-being moderate the association between entrapment and suicide ideation. These fin...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe limited literature showed that resilience is important in understanding suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses. There is a need for prospective research that investigates moderating effects of psychological resilience in the pathways to suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses.Practitioner pointsNovel evidence for four psychological constructs which may confer resilience to suicidal thoughts and behaviours in people with schizophrenia diagnoses.Strong evidence for the impact of perceived social support and appraisals of personal skills and attri...
Source: Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
This article offers an alternative conceptualization from which a health care provider can consider and respond to client-based suicidal ideation and behavior. Pragmatically explored through the prism of locus of control, Rogerian psychotherapy principles, Peplau's theory of interpersonal relations, and the work of Kay Redfield Jamison, the Concordant Actions in Suicide Assessment (CASA) model frames clinical decision making along a continuum defined by concordant and state-based action. Therein, cognitive reframes are offered to illustrate how to apply the CASA model in clinical practice.
Source: Nursing Clinics of North America - Category: Nursing Authors: Source Type: research
Are you always in control and always perfectly put together? Are you professionally successful, a great friend, and always showing a happy face to the world?  But what about on the inside? Is there something in the background or in the past that you don’t talk about?  Do you feel disconnected, like no one knows the “real” you? Deep down do you just know something is wrong? Well, you might have “perfectly hidden depression.” Today Gabe speaks with Dr. Margaret Rutherford who has done extensive work on the relationship between perfectionism and depression.  Dr. Rutherford tells u...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Brain and Behavior Depression General Happiness Interview LifeHelper Mental Health and Wellness Perfectionism Personality Podcast Psychiatry Psychology Research Self-Esteem Self-Help The Psych Central Show Trauma Source Type: blogs
OBJECTIVE: The study examines the relationship of negative emotions with: 1) non-emotional symptoms (e.g., vegetative and physical symptoms) and 2) the course of depression in suicidal older adults with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and cognitive impairm...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
Authors: Arslanoglou E, Banerjee S, Pantelides J, Evans L, Kiosses DN Abstract OBJECTIVE: The study examines the relationship of negative emotions with: 1) non-emotional symptoms (e.g., vegetative and physical symptoms) and 2) the course of depression in suicidal older adults with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and cognitive impairment treated with psychotherapy. DESIGN: The authors identified a subgroup of participants (N = 26) who expressed suicidal ideation at Baseline or Week 12 from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of two psychosocial interventions, Problem Adaptation Therapy (PATH) and Supportive ...
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
On today’s show, Gabe talks with Dr. Jessi Gold, a self-described misinformation crusader.  In addition to being a practicing psychiatrist, Dr. Gold’s career has focused on writing about mental health and mental illness for a lay audience. Join us as Gabe and Dr. Jessi talk about common sources of psychiatric misinformation, the perils of the supplement industry, how mental health and mental illness are often portrayed incorrectly in the popular media, and why she decided to pursue a very specific type of writing career. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW Guest information for ‘Dr. Jessi’ Podcast Episode...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: General Health-related Interview Mental Health and Wellness Podcast Psychiatry Psychology The Psych Central Show Women's Issues Source Type: blogs
Current data indicate that approximately 40 percent of children and adolescents with ASD will experience an anxiety disorder, and that anxiety has a profound impact on daily functioning in children. Presentations of anxiety in ASD can vary from mild to severe, with severe presentations resulting in severe consequences such as aggression, self-injurious behaviors, school refusal, and suicidal ideation. Managing anxiety requires a thoughtful approach that considers the overlapping symptoms between anxiety and other co-occurring conditions, the developmental level of the child, the availability of specialized psychotherapy pr...
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Clinical Perspectives 24 Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: A clinical guide was created from the best evidence-based data to help GPs in the management of child and adolescent MDD. A French-language website, aimed to assist GPs in mental disease management and available during their consultation, will be created based on the compilation of this meta-review with other similar meta-reviews. PMID: 31561940 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: L Encephale - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research
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