Attenuation of carotid neointimal formation after direct delivery of a recombinant adenovirus expressing glucagon-like peptide-1 in diabetic rats

Aims Enhancement of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) reduces glucose levels and preserves pancreatic β-cell function, but its effect against restenosis is unknown. Methods and results We investigated the effect of subcutaneous injection of exenatide or local delivery of a recombinant adenovirus expressing GLP-1 (rAd-GLP-1) into carotid artery, in reducing the occurrence of restenosis following balloon injury. As a control, we inserted β-galactosidase cDNA in the same vector (rAd-βGAL). Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima rats were assigned to three groups (n = 12 each): (1) normal saline plus rAd-βGAL delivery (NS + rAd-βGAL), (2) exenatide plus rAd-βGAL delivery (Exenatide + rAd-βGAL), and (3) normal saline plus rAd-GLP-1 delivery (NS + rAd-GLP-1). Normal saline or exenatide were administered subcutaneously from 1 week before to 2 weeks after carotid injury. After 3 weeks, the NS + rAd-βGAL group showed the highest intima–media ratio (IMR; 3.73 ± 0.90), the exenatide + rAd-βGAL treatment was the next highest (2.80 ± 0.51), and NS + rAd-GLP-1 treatment showed the lowest IMR (1.58 ± 0.48, P
Source: Cardiovascular Research - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Vascular biology Source Type: research

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In this study, the enhanced mice live somewhat longer than their unmodified peers, though not as much longer as is the case for the application of telomerase gene therapy. The mice do also exhibit reduced cancer risk, however. The scientists here class telomere shortening as a cause of aging, which is not a point universally agreed upon. Reductions in average telomere length in tissues looks much more like a downstream consequence of reduced stem cell activity than an independent mechanism. Researchers obtain the first mice born with hyper-long telomeres and show that it is possible to extend life without any geneti...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions This review describes how leukocyte-heparanase can be a double-edged sword in tumor progression; it can enhance tumor immune surveillance and tumor cell clearance, but also promote tumor survival and growth. We also discuss the potential of using heparanase in leukocyte therapies against tumors, and the effects of heparanase inhibitors on tumor progression and immunity. We are just beginning to understand the influence of heparanase on a pro/anti-tumor immune response, and there are still many questions to answer. How do the pro/anti-tumorigenic effects of heparanase differ across different cancer types? Does...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the positive role of RES in diabetic wound healing via its SIRT1-dependent endothelial protection and pro-angiogenic effects involves the inhibition of FOXO1 and the de-repression of c-Myc expression. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disease with an increasing incidence worldwide (Zimmet et al., 2014). The disease often leads to the development of serious complications such as microangiopathy, mainly including retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and diabetic non-healing skin ulcers (Zheng et al., 2018). Diabetic non-healing skin ulcers such as foot ulcers are ca...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Eun Jin Yoo1, Hwan Hee Lee1, Byeong Jin Ye1, Jun Ho Lee1, Chae Young Lee1, Hyun Je Kang1, Gyu Won Jeong1, Hyun Park1, Sun Woo Lim2, Whaseon Lee-Kwon1, Hyug Moo Kwon1* and Soo Youn Choi1* 1School of Life Sciences, Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Ulsan, South Korea 2Transplantation Research Center, Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, South Korea TonEBP is a key transcriptional activator in macrophages with an M1 phenotype. High expression of TonEBP is associated with many inflammatory diseases. Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), a stress-inducible protein, is induced by various oxidative and inflammator...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Junhui Zhang1,2†, Lingfei Li1,2†, Qiong Zhang1,2, Xu Yang3, Can Zhang4, Xingyue Zhang1,2, Dongxia Zhang1,2, Yanling Lv1,2, Huapei Song1,2, Bing Chen5, Yao Liu6, Jiongyu Hu2,5*† and Yuesheng Huang1,2*† 1Institute of Burn Research, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 2State Key Laboratory of Trauma, Burns and Combined Injury, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University (Army Medical University), Chongqing, China 3Department of Respiratory Medicine, The 983 Hospital of Joint Logistics Support Force of the Chinese Peopl...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Mitofusin 2 promotes Parkin translocation and phosphorylation, leading to mitophagy to clear damaged mitochondria. However, the beneficial effects of MFN2 were reversed by autophagy inhibitors. Additionally, MFN2 participates in mitochondrial fusion to maintain mitochondrial quality. Thus, MFN2 participated in mitophagy and mitochondrial fusion against Ang II-induced cardiomyocyte injury. Introduction Ventricular remodeling is the core foundation for the development of heart failure (Hill and Olson, 2008). Pathological remodeling is typically due to a number of causes that result in increased pressure o...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
ConclusionThere is a clear correlation between tubulin acetylation and glucose uptake level.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
In conclusion, LAZ3 protects against cardiac remodeling in DCM by decreasing miR-21, thus regulating PPARa/NRF2 signaling.
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Basis of Disease - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
In conclusion, LAZ3 protects against cardiac remodeling in DCM by decreasing miR-21, thus regulating PPARa/NRF2 signaling. PMID: 30031228 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochim Biophys Acta Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our study revealed that mDia1 plays a critical role in AGE-induced microvascular hyperpermeability through binding to RAGE.Cell Physiol Biochem 2018;45:1717 –1730
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - Category: Cytology Source Type: research
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