Music Training May Facilitate Memory Function in Alzheimer ’s Disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has long been considered a detrimental form of dementia. With over 35 million individuals globally living with dementia and this number predicted to triple in the next thirty years (World Health Organization, 2012); it is now vital that effective pharmacological treatments help modify the disease and improve individual’s quality of life — as current pharmacological treatments have only been effective in relation to relieving the severity of symptoms. As a result researchers have looked to investigate whether other non-pharmacological treatments can supplement pharmacological treatments to aid AD sufferers in their battle with the disease. There is growing amounts of evidence demonstrating that music interventions are effective in treating dementia such as relieving symptoms and eliciting positive physiological effects — whether it be listening, music therapy or musical activities. Impaired memory is the most common symptom of AD individuals and most research has focused on the effect visual and verbal stimuli has on AD. However researchers such as Cuddy have investigated the possibility of memory for music which may be accessed differently than visual and verbal stimuli. For example there are cases of musicians with AD continuing to play their instrument and learning new pieces of music despite their impaired memory due to their disease (Cowles et al, 2003). This is backed up by evidence that suggests lyrics in a song aid verb...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Aging Alzheimer's Caregivers Disabilities Memory and Perception Alzheimer's disease Cognition Dementia Music Therapy Source Type: news

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Publication date: June 2018Source: Alzheimer's &Dementia, Volume 14, Issue 6Author(s): Marco Duering, Sofia Finsterwalder, Ebru Baykara, Anil Man Tuladhar, Benno Gesierich, Marek J. Konieczny, Rainer Malik, Nicolai Franzmeier, Michael Ewers, Eric Jouvent, Geert Jan Biessels, Reinhold Schmidt, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Ofer Pasternak, Martin DichgansAbstractIntroductionDiffusion tensor imaging detects early tissue alterations in Alzheimer's disease and cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, the origin of diffusion alterations in SVD is largely unknown.MethodsTo gain further insight, we applied free water (FW) imaging ...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
In this study, senescent cell distribution and quantity in vastus lateralis muscle were examined in young human adults after a single bout of resistance exercise. To determine the effects of dietary protein availability around exercise on senescent cell quantity and macrophage infiltration of skeletal muscle, two isocaloric protein supplements (14% and 44% in calorie) were ingested before and immediately after an acute bout of resistance exercise, in a counter-balanced crossover fashion. An additional parallel trial was conducted to compare the outcome of muscle mass increment under the same dietary conditions after 12 wee...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
AbstractWith aging, there are progressive functional declines in multiple organ systems. One of the major physiological problems observed in aged people is skeletal muscle loss. This age-related muscle loss causes muscle weakness and disability, which in turn might reduce the quality of life in older adults and lead to the progression of several diseases, particularly Alzheimer ’s disease (AD). Some researchers have hypothesized that loss of muscle mass and strength is linked to the risk of developing AD. In addition, unintended weight loss often occurs in AD patients and might reflect dementia severity. However, the...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2018Source: Alzheimer's &Dementia, Volume 14, Issue 6Author(s): Marco Duering, Sofia Finsterwalder, Ebru Baykara, Anil Man Tuladhar, Benno Gesierich, Marek J. Konieczny, Rainer Malik, Nicolai Franzmeier, Michael Ewers, Eric Jouvent, Geert Jan Biessels, Reinhold Schmidt, Frank-Erik de Leeuw, Ofer Pasternak, Martin DichgansAbstractIntroductionDiffusion tensor imaging detects early tissue alterations in Alzheimer's disease and cerebral small vessel disease (SVD). However, the origin of diffusion alterations in SVD is largely unknown.MethodsTo gain further insight, we applied free water (FW) imaging ...
Source: Alzheimer's and Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimer's Association - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) face daunting challenges in managing a growing burden of mental illness, often in adverse conditions that can leave their imprint on generations to come.While the burden of mental-health conditions is above the global average in most MENA countries, the human resources, policies, funding and infrastructure to deal with these problems are sorely lacking.According to a recent study led by the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME), mental disorders excluding substance abuse accounted for 4.7% of all disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) in the World Health Organization &rs...
Source: EyeForPharma - Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Source Type: news
Dementia is one of the most relevant causes of disability in the elderly as it affects 5.4% of people over 65 years and its prevalence increases with age. Alzheimer's disease (AD) represents the main type of dementia, however vascular dementia (VaD) is also frequently encountered (Di  Carlo et al., 2002). VaD is often caused by small vessel disease (SVD) whose pathological hallmarks are represented by leukoaraiosis (also called age related changes in white matter), lacunar infarcts, microbleeds and parenchymal haemorrhage (Pantoni, 2010).
Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Many psychiatric disorders exist on a continuum of dimensional traits. These include panic disorder (Batelaan  et al., 2007), psychotic disorder (van Os et al., 2009), and borderline personality disorder (Ten Have et al., 2016). Some somatic disorders like diabetes (Weyer et al., 2001), blood pressure (Faraone et al., 2009), and Alzheimer's dementia (Morris et al., 2001), can have been described in a similar way. The dimensional model is best understood using an iceberg metaphor: at the tip of the iceberg are the known cases with a full-blown disorder, representin...
Source: Psychiatry Research - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Source Type: research
Conditions:   Alzheimer Disease;   Dementia Interventions:   Behavioral: Innovations in Dementia Empowerment and Action (IDEA);   Behavioral: Reducing Disabilities in Alzheimer's Disease (RDAD) Sponsor:   University of Washington Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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