Influence of Inflammation and Atherosclerosis in Atrial Fibrillation

AbstractBackgroundInflammation markers have been associated with cardiovascular diseases including atrial fibrillation. This arrhythmia is the most frequent, with an incidence of 38/1000 person-years.Purpose of ReviewThe aims of this study are to discuss the association between inflammation, atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation and its clinical implications.Recent Findings and SummaryAtherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease and inflammation is a triggering factor of atherosclerotic plaque rupture. In addition to coronary artery disease, clinical conditions identified as risk factors for atrial fibrillation (AF) are also associated with the inflammatory state such as obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, heart failure, metabolic syndrome and sedentary lifestyle. Biomarkers of inflammation, oxidative stress, coagulation, and myocardial necrosis have been identified in patients with atrial fibrillation and these traditional risk factors. Some markers of inflammation were identified as predictors of recurrence of this arrhythmia, subsequent myocardial infarction, stroke by embolism, and death. Thus, approaches to manipulate the inflammatory pathways may be therapeutic interventions, benefiting patients with AF and increased inflammatory markers.
Source: Current Atherosclerosis Reports - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

AbstractThis is a letter to the Editor concerning the recently published article by Zerem et al. The paper described a 12yo female with multisystem mitochondrial disorder (MID) due to the compound heterozygous variants c.1963_1964dupAT and p.Ile382Met inOPA1 manifesting phenotypically with congenital nystagmus, developmental delay, visual impairment, gait ataxia, epilepsy, a stroke-like episode (SLE) with encephalopathy and vomiting, and hearing impairment. This interesting case could be more meaningful by providing more information about the treatment of the SLE/stroke-like lesion (SLL), about the morphological characteri...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
AbstractFat-mass and obesity-associated protein (Fto) plays important roles in energy metabolism. It also acts as a demethylase and is most abundantly found in the brain. In the present study, we examined the spatial and temporal changes of Fto immunoreactivity after five minutes of transient forebrain ischemia in the hippocampus. In the control group, Fto immunoreactivity was mainly observed in the nucleus of pyramidal cells in the CA1 and CA3 regions as well as the polymorphic layer, granule cell layer, and subgranular zone of the dentate gyrus. Fto immunoreactivity was transiently, but not significantly, increased in th...
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
High blood pressure: A common diagnosis, that shows hardly any symptoms, but can be deadly. Hardened arteries and blood forced too hard against artery walls can lead to a heart attack or stroke. Fortunately, there are lifestyle improvements that can lower blood pressure and potentially save your life.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Abbott Laboratories has been wildly successful with its FreeStyle Libre continuous glucose monitor (CGM) since winning FDA approval in 2017, but it seems some investors and patients may be getting restless as the U.S. market waits for the second-generation of the blockbuster technology. We first noted some signs of impatience for Libre 2 in our coverage of Abbott's third-quarter earnings call in October. One reader commented on that article that "I don’t particularly care about investors becoming impatient, as a Freestyle Libre user I am growing impatie...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that MXYF inhibits autophagy after OGD/R-induced PC12 cell injury through the AMPK-mTOR pathway. Thus, MXYF might have therapeutic potential in treating ischemic stroke.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionLig exerts renoprotective functions in an animal model of DN mediated by antioxidant action, inhibition of apoptosis, anti-inflammatory action, reduction of renal fibrosis, reduction of the proliferation of mesangial cells, inhibition of endotheliosis, inhibition of atherosclerosis and promotion of renal autophagy. The positive conclusion should be treated cautiously because of various methodological flaws. Further studies are recommended according to ARRIVE guidelines. The method of modeling with high-dose STZ should be avoided and improved STZ modeling schemes are recommended. Considering the large dosage range...
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
TYPE 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that may require you to forgo your favourite treats to stave off the risks posed by rising blood sugar levels. Certain foods may seem healthy on the surface but contain hidden risks that can send blood sugar soaring, including a popular breakfast item.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Postoperative pain is not adequately managed in greater than 40% of surgical patients and is a high priority for perioperative research. In this meta-analysis, we examined studies comparing postoperative opioid consumption and pain scores in surgical patients who received methadone by any route vs those who received another opioid by any route. Studies were identified from PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science, EMBASE, and Scopus from January 1966 to November 2018. Pooled odds ratios were calculated for a primary outcome of postoperative opioid consumption and secondary outcomes of time-to-extubation, time-to-first postoperativ...
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
No abstract available
Source: Neurology Today - Category: Neurology Tags: For Your Patients Source Type: research
In this study, using a mouse model of ischemic strokevia transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (tMCAO), we found that Hes1 was induced following brain injury, and that siRNA-mediated knockdown of Hes1 increased the cerebral infarction and worsened the neurological outcome, suggesting that Hes1 knockdown exacerbates ischemic stroke. In addition, mechanistically, Hes1 knockdown promoted apoptosis and activated the PERK/eIF2 α/ATF4/CHOP signaling pathway after tMCAO. These results suggest that Hes1 knockdown promotes ER stress-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, inhibition of PERK with the specific inhibitor GSK2606414...
Source: Neuroscience Bulletin - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
More News: Arrhythmia | Atrial Fibrillation | Cardiology | Cardiovascular | Diabetes | Diabetes Mellitus | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Endocrinology | Heart | Heart Attack | Heart Failure | Hypertension | Metabolic Syndrome | Obesity | Stroke | Study