Association between sleep apnea and low bone mass in adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis

ConclusionsAn association between sleep apnea and low bone mass in adults is plausible, but supporting evidence has a risk of bias and is inconsistent.
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

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We present the case of a 59-year-old woman with third-grade obesity and severe comorbidities including osteoporosis, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, night eating following bariatric biliary-intestinal bypass surgery, severe fibromyalgia, poly-arthrosis, lumbar disc herniation in L5S1, sleep disorders and sleep apnea syndrome, and emotional disorders with anxiety and depression, who suffered from chronic pain unresponsive to a combination of multiple analgesics. After a period of metabolic and nutritional rehabilitation, analgesic treatment with tapentadol prolonged release (PR) was started and gradually incr...
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research
Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary (COPD), are usually accompanied by several comorbidities. Aim of the study was to assess the prevalence of comorbidities in OSA and COPD-OSA overlap syndrome (OS) patients and to explore differences between these two groups.Methods: Included were consecutive OS (n=163, 138 males, AHI>5/h and FEV1/FVC5/h and FEV1/FVC>0.7), matched in terms of gender, age, BMI, and smoking history, diagnosed with polysomnography and pulmonary function testing.Results: As mentioned, the two groups were matched in age (p=0.221), BMI (p=0.496) and neck circumfer...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
llo Persico Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide and its incidence is definitely increasing. NAFLD is a metabolic disease with extensive multi-organ involvement, whose extra-hepatic manifestations include type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease, obstructive sleep apnea, chronic kidney disease, osteoporosis, and polycystic ovarian syndrome. Recently, further evidence has given attention to pathological correlations not strictly related to metabolic disease, also incorporating in this broad spectrum of systemic involvement hypothyroidism, psoriasis,...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Conclusions Aging leads to a progressive decrease in androgen production that, in turn, leads to the development of LOH, defined by significant low T serum levels (in the lowest quartile) in the presence of signs and symptoms of hypogonadism (51). LOH could be due to both testicular and hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction (32), and ED is one of its main symptoms. ED in LOH is linked to increased oxidative stress, subclinical inflammation, and subsequent endothelial dysfunction (101). In elderly men, it has been shown that LOH is also linked to lower cAMP pool and to an alteration of the cGMP signaling pathway. PDE5 gene l...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is characterized by intermittent hypoxemia and disturbance of circadian rhythms. Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment affects hormone and bone metabolism.Aim: Monitoring of the levels of 25 (OH) vitamin D (Vit.D) and parathyroid hormone (PTH) in patients with newly diagnosed OSAS after initiating CPAP treatment for 12 months period.Material and methods: 30 patients with newly diagnosed OSAS and 20 healthy controls without Vit.D substitution were studied. The patients were followed up on the 6th and 12th months after initiation of CPAP treatment.Results: The patients w...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Sleep and control of breathing Source Type: research
ConclusionThis study underlines the relevance of a systematic screening of multimorbidities in chronic inflammatory rheumatic diseases and its feasibility in a 1-day clinic. Spirometry and sleep apnea screening should be added to EULAR points to consider. The long-term impact of such screening needs to be evaluated.
Source: Joint Bone Spine - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study compared the prevalence and incidence of comorbidities between patients with AS and matched controls using national claims databases. Adults enrolled in the MarketScan Commercial and Medicare databases with ≥ 1 inpatient or ≥ 2 non-rule-out outpatient diagnoses of AS between January 1, 2012 and December 31, 2014 were included. Patients had to have ≥ 1 AS diagnosis in 2013; the first AS diagnosis in 2013 was assigned as the index date. Control patients without AS were matched to AS patients on age, geographic region, index calendar year, and sex. Comorbidities were evaluated in AS pa...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Low energy and tiredness are among the most common reasons patients seek help from a doctor. Despite being so common, it is often challenging to come up with a diagnosis, as many medical problems can cause fatigue. Doctors engage in detective work, obtaining a medical history, doing a physical exam, and doing blood tests. The results often yield no explanations. It can be frustrating for clinicians and patients when a clear-cut diagnosis remains elusive. An attractive theory, called adrenal fatigue, links stress exposure to adrenal exhaustion as a possible cause of this lack of energy. But is adrenal fatigue a real disease...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health Source Type: blogs
Abstract Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the most common non-infectious chronic liver-disease in our age, and is a spectrum of all the diseases associated with increased fat accumulation in the hepatocytes. Its development is promoted by sedentary life-style, over-feeding, and certain genetic predisposition. Prevalence in the adult population, even in Hungary is ~30%. In a part of cases, this disease may pass into non-alcoholic steatohepatitis, later into fibrosis, rarely into primary hepatocellular cancer. Fatty liver is closely and bidirectionally related to the metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes, and n...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care. The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) has developed criteria for prioritizing conditions of public health importance with the potential for providing screening recommendations to improve clinical care. The quality of existing evidence needed to inform clinical guidelines has not been previously reviewed. Using the National Library of Medicine (NLM) database PubMed, we first identified 18 peer reviewed articles that addressed co‐occurring medical conditions in adults with DS...
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: RESEARCH REVIEW Source Type: research
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