The dynamics of HIV transmission in out of school young heterosexual men in South Africa: a systematic scoping review protocol

DiscussionWe anticipate finding relevant literature on the dynamics of HIV transmission in South African men. Once summarized, data will be useful to guide future research.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016039489
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: American Journal of Infection ControlAuthor(s): Rachel Marrs, Trisha Leann Horsley, Diana Hackbarth, Emily LandonBackgroundThe comfort level of health care workers to respond to an infectious disease outbreak or epidemic is likely directly related to the amount of education, training, and experience they have in responding to these events.MethodsA quasi-experimental study evaluated health care workers’ state anxiety, self-efficacy, and interprofessional teamwork when working with patients simulated to have a potentially high consequence infectious disease.Res...
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2019Source: Antiviral ResearchAuthor(s): Xiaoyan Pan, Yan Wu, Wei Wang, Leike Zhang, Gengfu XiaoAbstractArgentine haemorrhagic fever (AHF) is a rodent-borne disease with a lethality as high as ∼30%, which is caused by the New World arenavirus, Junín virus (JUNV). It was once a major epidemic in South America and puts millions of people in Argentina at risk. Here, we aimed to develop horse antibodies or antibody fragments against JUNV. Before preparing the horse antibodies, a strategy to efficiently generate horse antisera was established based on comparisons among i...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Preventive Veterinary MedicineAuthor(s): Tiago L. Passafaro, Arthur F.A. Fernandes, Bruno D. Valente, Noel H. Williams, Guilherme J.M. RosaAbstractPig production in the United States is based on multi-site systems in which pigs are transported between farms after the conclusion of each particular production phase. Although ground transportation is a critical component of the pork supply chain, it might constitute a potential route of infectious disease dissemination. Here, we used a time series network analysis to: (1) describe pig movement flow in a multi-site pro...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Obesity rates have nearly doubled in the last 20 years. Only in England, 13 million people over the age of 16 were considered obese in 2017, Daily Mail reported. According to an analysis of government data, the NHS spent a staggering £1.075 billion on type 2 diabetes treatment alone. And since obesity is linked to cardiovascular problems, diabetes, and some cancers, most of us live in countries where obesity kills more people than malnutrition. It’s preventable. It’s treatable. And yet numbers keep rising. So, what’s happening and what’s the solution? Let’s get digital! Ok, we may ...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Health Sensors & Trackers digital health digital technology digital health sensors weight management obesity weight loss Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Zhimin Chen, Kaihui Liu, Xiuxiang Liu, Yijun LouAbstractThe control strategies of emergency infectious diseases are constrained by limited medical resources. The fractional dose vaccination strategy as one of feasible strategies was proposed in response to global shortages of vaccine stockpiles. Although a variety of epidemic models have been developed under the circumstances of limited resources in treatment, few models particularly investigated vaccination strategies in resource-limited settings. In this paper, we develop ...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewNonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has reached epidemic proportions due to obesity in the modern world. Although treatments are in development, weight loss remains the most definitive and impactful approach to treating this disease and with it the other multisystemic complications of obesity. In this review, we summarize the current medical therapies for weight loss in NAFLD, including patient evaluation, counseling, and incorporation of medications for obesity.Recent FindingsDespite need for weight loss as treatment for NAFLD, few achieve successful weight loss. Weight loss medications lead ...
Source: Current Hepatitis Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2019Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye ResearchAuthor(s): Suzanne M.J. Fleiszig, Abby R. Kroken, Vincent Nieto, Melinda R. Grosser, Stephanie J. Wan, Matteo M.E. Metruccio, David J. EvansAbstractContact lenses represent a widely utilized form of vision correction with more than 140 million wearers worldwide. Although generally well-tolerated, contact lenses can cause corneal infection (microbial keratitis), with an approximate annualized incidence ranging from ∼2 to ∼20 cases per 10,000 wearers, and sometimes resulting in permanent vision loss. Research suggests that ...
Source: Progress in Retinal and Eye Research - Category: Opthalmology Source Type: research
Condition:   Symptoms and Signs Interventions:   Drug: Povidone-Iodine;   Drug: Normal Saline Flush Sponsor:   Minia University Completed
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Jeffrey A. SingerA new study reported in the November 1, 2019Annals of Emergency Medicine pours more  cold water on the false but persistent narrative that the opioid overdose crisis was caused by doctors prescribing opioids to patients in pain.This prospective cohort study by researchers in the Department of Emergency Medicine at Albert Einstein College of Medicine followed 484 “opioid naïve” patients prescribed opioids for acute pain upon release from the emergency department during a six month period. The statewide prescription drug monitoring program was employed in addition to regular f...
Source: Cato-at-liberty - Category: American Health Authors: Source Type: blogs
[MSF] Since June 2019, Burundi has been facing a major cholera epidemic. More than 1,000 cases have been recorded, the majority from Bujumbura, the country's main city.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
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