From ancient Greece to the cognitive revolution: A comprehensive view of physical rehabilitation sciences.

From ancient Greece to the cognitive revolution: A comprehensive view of physical rehabilitation sciences. Physiother Theory Pract. 2017 Jan 10;:1-14 Authors: Martínez-Pernía D, González-Castán Ó, Huepe D Abstract The development of rehabilitation has traditionally focused on measurements of motor disorders and measurements of the improvements produced during the therapeutic process; however, physical rehabilitation sciences have not focused on understanding the philosophical and scientific principles in clinical intervention and how they are interrelated. The main aim of this paper is to explain the foundation stones of the disciplines of physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech/language therapy in recovery from motor disorder. To reach our goals, the mechanistic view and how it is integrated into physical rehabilitation will first be explained. Next, a classification into mechanistic therapy based on an old version (automaton model) and a technological version (cyborg model) will be shown. Then, it will be shown how physical rehabilitation sciences found a new perspective in motor recovery, which is based on functionalism, during the cognitive revolution in the 1960s. Through this cognitive theory, physical rehabilitation incorporated into motor recovery of those therapeutic strategies that solicit the activation of the brain and/or symbolic processing; aspects that were not taken into account in mechanistic...
Source: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Physiother Theory Pract Source Type: research

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A question I’ve asked myself many times! As a small profession with a long history (as long as physiotherapy, TBH), it does seem odd that there are many, many pain rehabilitation services where never an occupational therapist has darkened the door. Some of the reasons lie within the profession: in general, occupational therapists are busy being clinicians and have little time for research. In New Zealand, few occupational therapists pursue higher degrees, and many avoid statistical analyses, experimental design, randomised controlled studies. In fact, some occupational therapists have argued that the tailored appr...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ACT - Acceptance & Commitment Therapy Clinical reasoning Cognitive behavioral therapy Coping strategies Occupational therapy Pain conditions Resilience/Health interprofessional teams pain rehabilitation persistent pain Source Type: blogs
Once you begin to dip your toes into psychological therapies, it doesn’t take long before you begin to see TLAs all over the place. So today I’m going to post on two things: some of the TLAs, and why or how we might consider using these approaches in pain rehabilitation. The first one is CBT, or cognitive behavioural therapy. CBT grew out of two movements: behaviour therapy (Skinner and the pigeons, rats and all that behaviour modification stuff), and cognitive therapy (Ellis and Beck and the “cognitive triad” – more on this later). When the two approaches to therapy are combined, we have c...
Source: HealthSkills Weblog - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: ACT - Acceptance & Commitment Therapy Clinical reasoning Cognitive behavioral therapy Coping strategies Interdisciplinary teams Occupational therapy Physiotherapy Professional topics Psychology Research Science in practice Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: Statistics also revealed that propulsion pattern was a predictor of response to therapy, as was weekly therapeutic duration, wheelchair-specific focus by the therapists, and stretching.
Source: Pediatric Physical Therapy - Category: Pediatrics Tags: RESEARCH REPORTS Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Statistics also revealed that propulsion pattern was a predictor of response to therapy, as was weekly therapeutic duration, wheelchair-specific focus by the therapists, and stretching. PMID: 31568384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Pediatr Phys Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: June 2019Source: The Lancet Neurology, Volume 18, Issue 6Author(s): Gary A Ford, Bipin B Bhakta, Alastair Cozens, Suzanne Hartley, Ivana Holloway, David Meads, John Pearn, Sharon Ruddock, Catherine M Sackley, Eirini-Christina Saloniki, Gillian Santorelli, Marion F Walker, Amanda J FarrinSummaryBackgroundDopamine is a key modulator of striatal function and learning and might improve motor recovery after stroke. Previous small trials of dopamine agonists after stroke provide equivocal evidence of effectiveness on improving motor recovery. We aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of co-careldopa plus routi...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Acupuncture therapy seems effective for motor function, pain relief and activities of daily living in stroke patients with mild SHS, when it is used in combination with rehabilitation. The low certainty of evidence downgrades our confidence in making recommendations to clinical practice. Introduction Shoulder-hand syndrome (SHS) is a common condition among people who have had a stroke, with its reported prevalence ranging from 12% to 49% (1, 2). The main symptoms of SHS include pain, hyperalgesia, joint swelling and limitations in range of motion (ROM) (3). Post-stroke SHS is also named type I complex ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Baby Club provides parents and infants with opportunities to learn new skills through play, providing enriching social experiences and networking in a supportive therapeutic group environment. PMID: 30880538 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Tags: Phys Occup Ther Pediatr Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There are deficits in the outpatient prescription of PT but without indications of an undersupply of population groups due to low socioeconomic status. In contrast to the prescription of disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) treatment, PT is predominantly prescribed by general practitioners. PMID: 30478638 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Zeitschrift fur Rheumatologie - Category: Rheumatology Authors: Tags: Z Rheumatol Source Type: research
ConclusionPhysiotherapy education is a good financial investment, up to a certain level of student debt. Students should carefully consider the amount of debt they are willing to incur in order to pursue a physiotherapy career. Likewise, physiotherapy education programs should consider the role they may play in bolstering the economic value of their graduates’ future careers. [Shields RK, Dudley-Javoroski S (2018) Physiotherapy education is a good financial investment, up to a certain level of student debt: an inter-professional economic analysis. Journal of Physiotherapy 64: 182–190]
Source: Journal of Physiotherapy - Category: Physiotherapy Source Type: research
Conclusion: physiotherapists, speech therapists and occupational therapists are informed about the importance of interdisciplinarity in the care of disorders of human communication disorders, but the interdisciplinary practices are still not recurrent in the workplace.
Source: Revista CEFAC - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
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