What Precautions Should A Childcare Center Take For A Child with Hepatitis C Infection?

Discussion It is estimated that 180 million people worldwide are infected with Hepatitis C (HCV) which includes ~11 million children. In the United States it is estimated that there were 30,500 acute HCV cases in 2014, and 2.7-3.9 million people with chronic HCV. Many infections are not identified. It is estimated that “…only 5-15% of HCV-infected children in the United States are identified.” Problems associated with HCV include acute hepatitis (including fever, malaise, dark-urine, abdominal pain, jaundice, appetite loss, nausea, emesis, clay-colored stools), acute fulminant hepatitis (not common in children), hepatic fibrosis, hepatic cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Vertical transmission (particularly with HIV-coinfected mothers), injection drug use and iatrogenic exposures (blood, blood product or solid organ recipients, blood exposures through needlesticks, tattooing, etc.) are the most common ways children and youth are infected. International adoptees, particularly from the high prevalence areas of Africa, China, Russia, Eastern Europe, and Southeast Asia, are also at risk. Sexual transmission between heterosexual partners has not been demonstrated in prospective studies. Transmission among family contacts is uncommon. Acute symptoms can appear from 2-12 weeks (up to 24) weeks after infection. Clearing of the HCV infection does occur especially in infants and toddlers (clearing after age 3 with vertical transmission is uncommon), but 60-80...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Related Links:

Publication date: Available online 24 September 2020Source: Sexual &Reproductive HealthcareAuthor(s): Karolina Linden, Rikke Damkjær Maimburg
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The distribution of sexually acquired HCV was sparsely scattered across countries/cities in the Asia-Pacific region. The threat of overlapping risk differed by locations, whereas transnational outbreaks remained uncommon. The paucity of information has hindered progress with comprehensive assessment in the Asia-Pacific region, where seroprevalence of HCV among HIV-positive MSM was relatively high. PMID: 32969173 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
This study examined whether higher levels of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) correlated with an increased likelihood of poor outcomes in older trauma...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news
The association between alcohol outlets and violence has long been recognised, and is commonly used to inform policing and licensing policies (such as staggered closing times and zoning). Less investigated, however, is the association between violent crime...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
The aim of this study was to determine whether the driving-related cognitive performance differs among adults with schizophrenia taking different types of antipsychotics. Neurocognitive performance was assessed using the Cognitive Perceptual Assessment...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: The present study aims to profile the hazard fluctuation of suicide attempts and deaths among heroin-involved women seeking methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and to investigate sociodemographic and clinical factors predicting the time to ha...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
In this study, a novel prodrug-nanoparticles (CSSV/TPGS-NPs) self-assembled by co-nanoprecipitation of curcumin-s-s-vitamin E conjugate and D-alpha-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (vitamin E TPGS) was prepared in attempt to solve aforementioned obstacles. CSSV/TPGS-NPs showed smaller sizes and better stability compared with that of curcumin-s-s-vitamin E conjugate prodrug-nanoparticles (CSSV-NPs). Significantly, the absorption constant and effective permeability of CSSV/TPGS-NPs in different intestinal tracts increased 1.31-2.78 times and 1.81-6.95 times than that of CUR suspension, respectively. Pharmacokine...
Source: Drug Development and Industrial Pharmacy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Drug Dev Ind Pharm Source Type: research
In conclusion, HCV-ITP patients had a high rate of positive antiplatelet antibody. The antibodies were associated with not only lower platelets but also leukopenia and splenomegaly. PMID: 32967492 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Publication date: November 2020Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports, Volume 22Author(s): Chen-Pu Ou, Szu-Pei Ho
Source: Human Pathology: Case Reports - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 September 2020Source: European Journal of Obstetrics &Gynecology and Reproductive BiologyAuthor(s): Fang He, Shenghua Liu, Dunjin Chen
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
More News: Academies | African Health | Alcoholism | Amniocentesis | Breastfed | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Cancer Vaccines | Carcinoma | Children | Chronic Pain | Cirrhosis | Databases & Libraries | Eating Disorders & Weight Management | Gastroenterology | Health Management | Hepatitis | Hepatitis A | Hepatitis B | Hepatitis C | Hepatitis Vaccine | Hepatocellular Carcinoma | Hospitals | Infectious Diseases | Internet | Jaundice | Learning | Liver | Liver Cancer | Liver Disease | Obesity | Pain | Pediatrics | Pregnancy | Sports Medicine | Study | Universities & Medical Training | Urology & Nephrology | Vaccines | Vitamins