Should we be concerned about the inflammatory response to endovascular procedures?

Should we be concerned about the inflammatory response to endovascular procedures? Curr Vasc Pharmacol. 2017 Jan 05; Authors: Radak D, Djukic N, Tanaskovic S, Obradovic M, Cenic-Milosevic D, Isenovic ER Abstract Endovascular surgery represents a minimally invasive procedure for the treatment of occlusive and aneurysmal arterial disease. However, it is followed by inflammatory response, with a rise in specific inflammatory biomarkers, such as C-reactive protein, serum amyloid A and fibrinogen. Shear stress during balloon inflation and vascular injury represents triggering events for the inflammatory process, stimulating the production of proinflammatory molecules and activation of circulating monocytes. The current literature indicates that stent implantation induces more prominent inflammatory reaction. Additionally, it has been shown that muscular arteries of femoropopliteal segment react to a greater extent to stent implantation, compared with elastic carotid or iliac arteries. The endovascular treatment of thoracic and abdominal aortic aneurysm is frequently followed with post-implantation inflammatory syndrome. Most recent findings point out that stent graft material plays a significant role in the inflammatory response, representing a challenge for clinicians. Future studies should consider the pathophysiology of the inflammatory response associated with endovascular procedures as well as predictors and risk factors including preventive strategies a...
Source: Current Vascular Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Vasc Pharmacol Source Type: research

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We evaluate the crimping strain, sealing stress and contact forces on a Nitinol stent deployed in the aorta during endovascular aortic (or aneurysm) repair (EVAR) procedures. Nitinol shape memory effect (SME) is used. We also study the fluid-structure interaction (FSI) of the blood flow on the stented aorta.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Yiğit G, Çetinkaya F, Aytekin B, Türkçü MA, Özen A, Sarıtaş A PMID: 31708991 [PubMed]
Source: Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol Source Type: research
Authors: Borek A, Drzymała F, Botor M, Auguściak-Duma AM, Sieroń AL Abstract Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a dangerous condition involving pathological dilation of the aortic wall. Due to the asymptomatic course of this disease and the dangerous consequences of its rupture, it is important to identify its specific bio-markers expressed as early as possible. Different expression profiles of microRNAs (miRNAs) were detected in patients diagnosed with AAA. MicroRNAs are small non-coding RNA molecules that regulate the expression of other genes at the translation stage. miRNAs affecting translation can lead to abn...
Source: Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol Source Type: research
An ageing population leads to more age related diseases, such as complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA). Patients with complex AAAs and multiple comorbidities benefit from fenestrated endovascular aneurysm repair (FEVAR), but for the elderly this benefit is not completely clear.
Source: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Current clinical guidelines for surgical repair of abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are primarily based on maximum diameter assessment. From a biomechanical point of view, not only the diameter but also peak wall stresses will play an important role in rupture risk assessment. These methods require patient specific geometry which typically uses computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging. Recently, wall stress analysis based on 3D ultrasound (US) has been proposed, and shows promising results.
Source: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a life-threatening disease and pharmacologic agents to treat the disease remain lacking for clinical practice. Epidemiologic studies have highlighted a negative association between the use of antidiabetic drugs, including metformin, and AAA. Metformin is well-known for its blood glucose-lowering effect, but its action on both metabolism and inflammatory response has led to propose it as a potential therapeutic target in several cardiovascular diseases. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge on the link between metformin and AAA.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe background correction (OSEM  + PSF + BC) technique provided more robust AAA quantitative assessments regardless of the AAA ROI delineation method, and thus it can be considered as an effective spill in correction method for [18F]-NaF AAA studies.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
This study is a prospective evaluation of the effectiveness of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) in terms of clinical outcomes for small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) that were previously reported in a retrospective cohort study. We conducted a prospective non-randomized trial on patients with small AAA (N  =  40; mean age 75.0 ± 6.6 years). Patients were enrolled into one of two groups, rehabilitation (CR) or non-rehabilitation (non-CR) group. Only CR group participated in a supervised-CR program including bicycle ergometer for 150 days. The AAA expansion rate and the risk of AAA ...
Source: Heart and Vessels - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study evaluates the relationship between aneurysm sac regression after EVAR and the presence of morphological features in the thoracic aorta that can be associated with a subclinical aortic dissection, termed dissection morphology in this study.
Source: Annals of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Clinical Research, Basic Science Source Type: research
Physician-modified fenestrated stent grafts (PMSGs) are a useful option for urgent or semiurgent treatment of complex abdominal aortic aneurysms (CAAAs). The aim of this study was to describe in-hospital outcomes of custom-made fenestrated stent grafts (CMSGs) and PMSGs for the treatment of CAAAs and thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysms (TAAAs).
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - Category: Surgery Authors: Source Type: research
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