Reducing Zoledronic Acid Frequency Did Not Raise Risk of Skeletal Events

Among cancer patients with bone metastases, administration of zoledronic acid every 12 weeks did not increase the risk of skeletal events over 2 years compared with the standard dosing of every 4 weeks.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bone Metastases Breast Cancer Multiple Myeloma News Prostate Cancer Source Type: news

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athew Natural killer (NK) cells play a pivotal role in the immune system, especially in the recognition and clearance of cancer cells and infected cells. Their effector function is controlled by a delicate balance between the activating and inhibitory signals. We have identified 2B4 (CD244, SLAMF4) and CS1 (CD319, SLAMF7) as NK cell receptors regulating NK cell cytotoxicity. Lectin-like transcript 1 (LLT1), a member of the C-type lectin-like domain family 2 (CLEC2D), induced IFN-g production but did not directly regulate cytolytic activity. Interestingly, LLT1 expressed on other cells acts as a ligand for an NK cell in...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Anticancer Activity of Novel NF-κB Inhibitor DHMEQ by Intraperitoneal Administration. Oncol Res. 2020 Jun 23;: Authors: Umezawa K, Breborowicz A, Gantsev S Abstract There have been great advances in the therapy of cancer and leukemia. But there are still many neoplastic diseases that are difficult to treat. For example, it is often difficult to find effective therapies for aggressive cancer and leukemia. Meanwhile, an NF-κB inhibitor named dehydroxymethylepoxyquinomicin (DHMEQ) was discovered in 2000. This compound was designed based on the structure of epoxyquinomicin isolated from a micro...
Source: Oncology Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncol Res Source Type: research
Abstract Sumoylation is the Posttranslational modification gaining most of the research interest recently. Sumoylation is involved in various crucial functions of the cell such as regulation of cell cycle, DNA damage repair, apoptosis etc. Oncology is advancing in radiotherapy, targeted chemotherapy, various forms of immunotherapy and targeted gene therapy. Researches are being conducted to prove its connotation with a variety of cancers and inhibitors are being developed to obstruct the fatal effect caused by misbalance of the SUMO-catalytic cycle. It has been shown that upregulation of certain enzymes of Sumoyla...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
ConclusionWB-MRI was mainly performed at 1.5T unit, with lymphoma, myeloma and prostate cancer having been the most common indications. The extreme variability in the choice of imaging protocols and use of contrast agents demonstrates the need of a standardization of WB-MRI application in clinical practice.
Source: La Radiologia Medica - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Abstract In various cancers, high-grade tumor and poor survival rate in patients with upregulated lncRNAs UCA1 have been confirmed. Urothelial carcinoma associated 1 (UCA1) is an oncogenic non-coding RNA with a length of more than 200 nucleotides. The UCA1 regulate critical biological processes that are involved in cancer progression, including cancer cell growth, invasion, migration, metastasis, and angiogenesis. So It should not surprise that UCA1 overexpresses in variety of cancers type, including pancreatic cancer, ovarian cancer, gastric cancer, colorectal cancer, breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial c...
Source: Current Molecular Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Curr Mol Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Limited [18F] NaF PET/CT (VMT) study acquisition is almost sufficient for diagnosis of most of neoplastic disease assessment providing less study time and lower CT-Scan absorbed dose. Reference: Ahuja, K., Sotoudeh, H., Galgano, S. J., Singh, R., Gupta, N., Gaddamanugu, S., &Choudhary, G. (2019). 18F-Sodium fluoride positron emission tomography: History, technical feasibility, mechanism of action, normal bio-distribution, and diagnostic performance in bone metastasis detection compared to other imaging modalities. Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology, jnmt.119.234336.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: Technologist Poster Session Source Type: research
McCubrey The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an evolutionarily conserved adaptive response triggered by the stress of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) due, among other causes, to altered cell protein homeostasis (proteostasis). UPR is mediated by three main sensors, protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), activating transcription factor 6α (ATF6α), and inositol-requiring enzyme-1α (IRE1α). Given that proteostasis is frequently disregulated in cancer, UPR is emerging as a critical signaling network in controlling the survival, selection, and adaptation of a ...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the ZA use was associated with a decreased risk of SRE for patients with SRE history. However, no preventive effects of ZA were observed for patients without history.
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Short-term and long-term improvements in functional outcomes and QoL were observed after surgical treatment of spinal metastases. Surgery is a good option for patients with an estimated life expectancy of more than 3 months. PMID: 31594268 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Technology and Health Care - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Technol Health Care Source Type: research
ConclusionThe incidences of multiple SREs in BC- or PC-induced bone metastasis or MM in this 12-year South Korean cohort were slightly higher than those in European countries. Our study provided real-world evidence that patients with BC- or PC-induced bone metastasis or MM are at high risk of SRE.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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