Effects of phosphate binders on the gastrointestinal absorption of arsenate and of an SGLT2 inhibitor drug on the urinary excretion of arsenite in mice

Publication date: Available online 3 January 2017 Source:Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Author(s): Miklós Poór, Balázs Németi, Zoltán Gregus Arsenate (AsV) and arsenite (AsIII) are typical sources of acute and chronic arsenic poisoning. Therefore, reducing inner exposure to these arsenicals is a rational objective. Because AsV mimics phosphate, phosphate binder drugs may decrease the intestinal AsV absorption. Indeed, lanthanum and aluminium salts and sevelamer removed AsV from solution in vitro, especially at acidic pH. In mice gavaged with AsV, lanthanum chloride, lanthanum carbonate and aluminium hydroxide given orally also lowered the urinary excretion and tissue levels of AsV and its metabolites, indicating that they decreased the gastrointestinal AsV absorption. As some glucose transporters may carry AsIII, the effect of the SGLT2 inhibitor dapagliflozin was investigated in AsIII-injected mice. While producing extreme glucosuria, dapagliflozin barely affected the urinary excretion and tissue concentrations of AsIII and its metabolites. Thus, phosphate binders (especially lanthanum compounds) can reduce the gastrointestinal absorption of AsV; however, SGLT2 inhibition cannot diminish the renal reabsorption of AsIII.
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

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