Adipocytokines and anthropometric measures in type 2 diabetics
Conclusions Body fat distribution can be considered as a parameter in assessing adipokine imbalance. Central adiposity is a better measure of adipokine imbalance than BMI. Abdominal obesity in diabetics correlates with altered levels of adipocytokines indicating its importance in diabetic individuals.
Authors: Fan D, Yang S, Han Y, Zhang R, Yang L Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are widely known as critical regulators in isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity during the development of brain. Moreover, isoflurane could aggravate cognitive impairment in diabetic rats. The present study was designed to investigate the role and mechanism of miR-140-5p on isoflurane-induced neurotoxicity in diabetic rats. Firstly, a diabetic rat model was established by injection of streptozotocin (STZ) and identified by Morris water maze test. The result indicated that isoflurane treatment exacerbated STZ-induced cognitive impairment, as demo...
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Mechanisms of Ageing and DevelopmentAuthor(s): Cui Chen, Min Zhou, Yuchen Ge, Xiaobo WangAbstractAging is a biological phenomenon in which the structure and function of organisms declining with the increasing of age. It has become a major risk factor of human diseases, including diabetes, cancers, cardiovascular diseases and neurodegenerative diseases. Silencing information regulator 2 related enzyme 1(sirtuin1, SIRT1) is an NAD+-dependent deacetylase, which has been reported to be involved in the regulation of cellular senescence and aging. The expression of SIRT1...
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Robert Stirrups
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s):
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Thomas S J Crabtree, Pratik Choudhary, Peter Hammond, Alistair Lumb, Alasdair McLay, Emma G Wilmot
Publication date: March 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &Endocrinology, Volume 8, Issue 3Author(s): Emma G Wilmot, Thomas Danne
Conclusions: Adipose expression of TBX1 is necessary, but not sufficient, to defend body temperature during cold via proper UCP1 expression. Adipose TBX1 expression was also required for proper insulin signaling in subcutaneous adipose as well as maintaining β-adrenergic sensitivity but overexpression of TBX1 was not sufficient to induce adipocyte beiging or prevent diet induced obesity. TBX1 expression is enriched in adipose stem cells in which it has contrasting effects on adipogenesis in mouse versus human cells. Collectively, these data demonstrate the importance of adipose TBX1 in the regulation of beige adipocyt...
ConclusionsPPARγ and PPARα synergize to induce robust browning of white fat in vivo, via PPARγ activation in adipose, and PPARα-mediated increase in FGF21.Graphical abstractDual PPARα/γ activation is superior to selective PPARγ activation at inducing browning of white fat in vivo: via PPARγ action in the adipose and a PPARα-mediated action in the liver resulting in increased circulating fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21).
ConclusionAn indication for AHI occurs relatively infrequently among hospitalized patients, but when present, AHI occurs in approximately 1 in 3 discharges. AHI appears to be related largely to the degree of hyperglycemia, and diabetes service involvement. Further studies are needed to understand the implications of AHI at hospital discharge on short and long-term outcomes in this population.
ConclusionsConsidering major health and economic problems posed by unrestrained diabetes epidemic in India, research in this area remains highly inadequate.