The Relationships Between Spiritual Well-Being, Quality of Life, and Psychological Factors Before Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer

AbstractGiven shifting trends of religious identities in the USA, better understanding the impact of patients ’ religious identities on health-related quality of life (QOL) may help tailor the use of psychological interventions. Men with prostate cancer (N = 43) completed measures of quality of life (QOL), spiritual well-being in two domains (i.e., Faith and Meaning/Peace), psychological state, and psychological trait before undergoing radiotherapy. We hypothesized that (1) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with higher QOL and psycho logical trait protective factors (e.g., Agreeableness) and that (2) higher existential Meaning/Peace would correlate with lower depression, anxiety, and Neuroticism (i.e., a psychological trait risk factor). We did not anticipate similar relationships between religious Faith and QOL, depression, anx iety, or psychological traits and consider related analyses to be exploratory in nature. Meaning/Peace was indeed negatively associated with depression, anxiety, and Neuroticism. Meaning/Peace was positively correlated with Physical, Social, Functional, and Emotional well-being, as well as Extravers ion. Religious Faith was positively associated with Functional well-being, but not the other state, trait, or QOL domains. In sum, prostate cancer patients’ sense of existential Meaning/Peace prior to radiotherapy was associated with well-being in many domains, whereas religious Faith appeared les s so.
Source: Journal of Religion and Health - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Source: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research
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Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: antidepressants anxiety cancer depression & Gal Shoval medication adherence survival Source Type: research
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Source: PPmP Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychother Psychosom Med Psychol Source Type: research
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Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
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Source: Aktuelle Urologie - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Aktuelle Urol Source Type: research
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Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Sport and Health Science - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
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