From Disabled Students to Disabled Brains: The Medicalizing Power of Rhetorical Images in the Israeli Learning Disabilities Field

AbstractThe neurocentric worldview that identifies the essence of the human being with the material brain has become a central paradigm in current academic discourse. Israeli researchers also seek to understand educational principles and processes via neuroscientific models. On this background, the article uncovers the central role that visual brain images play in the learning-disabilities field in Israel. It examines the place brain images have in the professional imagination of didactic-diagnosticians as well as their influence on the diagnosticians' clinical attitudes. It relies on two theoretical fields: sociology and anthropology of the body and sociology of neuromedical knowledge. The research consists of three methodologies: ethnographic observations, in-depth interviews, and rhetorical analysis of visual and verbal texts. It uncovers the various rhetorical and ideological functions of brain images in the field. It also charts the repertoire of rhetorical devices which are utilized to strengthen the neuroreducionist messages contained in the images.
Source: Journal of Medical Humanities - Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

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Rosenbaum J Abstract PURPOSE OF THE STUDY Lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is a serious and fairly frequent disorder with prevalence increasing with age which often results in a disability. The surgical procedures are often very risky due to the greater age of patients with severe stenosis and their comorbidities. The study aimed to assess the functional outcomes and complications in patients who underwent surgical treatment for LSS at one year postoperatively and to identify the differences in the functional outcomes, if any, in dependence on the number of operated segments. MATERIAL AND METHODS It was a prospective ...
Source: Acta Orthopaedica - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Acta Chir Orthop Traumatol Cech Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 10Author(s): Pedro Ordunez, Ramon Martinez, Patricia Soliz, Gloria Giraldo, Oscar J Mujica, Porfirio NordetSummaryBackgroundThe World Health Assembly 2018 approved a resolution on rheumatic heart disease to strengthen programmes in countries where this condition remains a substantial public health problem. We aimed to describe the regional burden, trends, and inequalities of rheumatic heart disease in the Americas.MethodsIn this secondary analysis of the Global Burden of Disease, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2017, we extracted data fo...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
We examined changes in burden between 1990 and 2017, and differences across age, sex, and regions. We also compared the observed NCD burden across countries with the expected values based on a country's Socio-demographic Index.FindingsAll-age total DALYs due to NCDs increased by 67·0% between 1990 (90·6 million [95% UI 81·0–101·9]) and 2017 (151·3 million [133·4–171·8]), reflecting an increase in the proportion of total DALYs attributable to NCDs (from 18·6% [95% UI 17·1–20·4] to 29·8% [27·6–32·0] of the total...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: The Lancet Global Health, Volume 7, Issue 10Author(s): Anirudh Krishnan, Eric Andrew Finkelstein, Per Kallestrup, Arjun Karki, Michael Hecht Olsen, Dinesh NeupaneSummaryBackgroundThe greatest risk factor for cardiovascular disease is hypertension, which can be alleviated via diet, exercise, and adherence to medication. Yet, blood pressure control in Nepal is inadequate, which is partly hindered by a lack of evidence-based, low-cost, scalable, and cost-effective cardiovascular disease prevention programmes. The the community-based management of hypertension in Nepal (COBIN) study was a ...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
For 2019 National Disability Employment Awareness Month, The Office of Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion (EDI) wants to show our deep appreciation for our disability champions and allies, by recognizing them for their work on removing workplace barriers. Join us as we honor those who demonstrate unconditional commitment, compassion, and understanding towards the disability community, as well as those who bring more of themselves into the workplace to make it more inclusive.For more information go to date: 10/24/2019 10:30:00 AM
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
Treatment of acute triangular fibrocartilage complex (TFCC) tear using arthroscopic suture repair has been used as a general treatment method, but it is difficult to obtain perfect results in all cases. We evaluated clinical and radiologic outcomes of the acute TFCC tear with distal radioulnar joint instability using the arthroscopic suture repair with pronator quadratus (PQ) advancement. Altogether, 80 patients (48 male, 32 female; mean ± SD age, 37.3 ± 11.5 years; mean ± SD follow-up, 23.7 ± 11.4 months) were enrolled in the study. Follow-up was at least 12 months (range, 12–38 months). ...
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions Flexor tendon lacerations represent an important economic burden to our health care system, even when compared with other common hand conditions. Specifically, indirect costs, such as missed workdays, are the major contributor toward the total cost these injuries incur on society, accounting for upward of 89% of the total cost. This suggests that we should focus our efforts to improve treatments and rehabilitation protocols which decrease these indirect costs.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Hand Surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Informal carers of people with intellectual disability and/or ASD experience significant loss of income, leading to increased welfare payments and reduced taxation revenue for governments; these are all projected to increase. Strategic policies supporting informal carers wishing to return to work could improve the financial and psychological impact of having a family member with intellectual disability and/or ASD. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: None. PMID: 31524109 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research
I have opined for more than a decade that it's not worth worrying too much about unauthorized access to your personal health and research data because"that horse has already left the barn" (see:On the Privacy of Health Information: The Horse Is Already Out of the Barn). The security of anonymized health data was discussed in a recent blog note in a Q and A with Hank Greely, a Stanford law professor who focuses on the ethics behind new technologies related to neuroscience and genetics (see:Genetic Testing: Who Owns Your Data?). This site is calledBeing Patient. Below is the excerpt from the article:B...
Source: Lab Soft News - Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Lab Industry News Clinical Lab Testing Diagnostics Genomic Testing Healthcare Information Technology Lab Industry Trends Lab Regulation Medical Consumerism Medical Ethics Reference Laboratories Test Kits and Home Testing Source Type: blogs
Authors: Nisker J Abstract Dissolution of Canada's single-tiered health system is now before the Supreme Court of British Columbia and will soon be before the Supreme Court of Canada. If our Supreme Court justices are persuaded to dissolve the Canada Health Act, financially advantaged Canadians will be permitted to purchase privileged access to physicians, diagnostic tests, and surgical facilities. This queue jumping will diminish access for the socioeconomically disadvantaged, among whom women are overrepresented, including women living with disabilities, women of Indigenous heritage, and women who have recently i...
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research
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