Immune Dysfunction After Completion of Childhood Leukemia Therapy

Conclusions: All patients had multiple abnormalities at end of therapy, and all patients had some degree of persistent immune dysfunction at 6 months after completion of therapy. Clinical implications of these laboratory abnormalities are currently unknown; longer term evaluations are ongoing. We demonstrate that survivors of childhood cancer have lasting quantitative and functional immunologic defects and may remain at risk for infectious complications after completion of therapy.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

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Michele Callea Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous group of diseases, whose classification is based on lineage-commitment and genetics. Although rare in childhood, it is the most common type of acute leukemia in adults, accounting for 80% of all cases in this age group. The prognosis of this disease remains poor (especially in childhood, as compared to acute lymphoblastic leukemia); however, overall survival has significantly improved over the past 30 years. The health of the oral cavity is a remarkable reflection of the systemic status of an individual. Identification of the signs and symptoms of oral le...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Second malignant neoplasms pose a concern for survivors of childhood cancer. We evaluated incidence, type and risk factors for second malignant neoplasms in patients included in Berlin-Frankfurt-Muenster protocols for childhood non-Hodgkin lymphoma. 3590 patients
Source: Haematologica - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Haematologica Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that in rural areas of California exposure to certain pesticides or pesticide classes during pregnancy due to residential proximity to agricultural applications may increase the risk of childhood ALL and AML. Future studies into the mechanisms of carcinogenicity of these pesticides may be beneficial. PMID: 32087503 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our findings identify near 50% of patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia at debut with high-risk translocations and poor prognosis in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia as well as an unexpected increase of acute myeloid leukemia cases in young children, suggesting a molecular shift that support a higher incidence of poor prognosis cases in Oaxaca. PMID: 32608319 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Technology in Cancer Research and Treatment - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Technol Cancer Res Treat Source Type: research
This article reviews the current landscape of antibody-based and cellular immunotherapies under current clinical evaluation with an emphasis on active or soon-to-open phase 1 trials for children with relapsed/refractory AML. PMID: 31808843 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Hematology ASH Education Program - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Am Soc Hematol Educ Program Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: miR-146a could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion and inhibit the apoptosis of AL Jurkat and HL-60 cells by downregulating CNTFR and activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. PMID: 31538427 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Conclusions: Maternal folic acid supplementation was found to have a protective effect against childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Thus, healthcare professionals are recommended to provide regular health education and health promotion to the community on the benefits of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. PMID: 31396374 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: J Prev Med Public Health Source Type: research
Childhood leukemia, the commonest childhood cancer, is mainly consisted of acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL) and acute myeloid leukemia(AML). Though great progresses have been made in the survival rates of childhood leukemia, the long-term health problems of childhood leukemia survivors are remained remarkable. And the deep links between risk factors and childhood leukemia are in great need to be elucidated. What can be done to improve the prevention and the prognosis of childhood leukemia is an essential issue. Gut microbiota, referred to as one of the largest symbiotic microorganisms that accommodated in the gastrointest...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
IJERPH, Vol. 16, Pages 2029: Maternal Residential Proximity to Major Roadways and the Risk of Childhood Acute Leukemia: A Population-Based Case-Control Study in Texas, 1995–2011 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health doi: 10.3390/ijerph16112029 Authors: Erin C. Peckham-Gregory Minh Ton Karen R. Rabin Heather E. Danysh Michael E. Scheurer Philip J. Lupo Acute leukemia is the most common pediatric malignancy. Some studies suggest early-life exposures to air pollution increase risk of childhood leukemia. Therefore, we explored the association between maternal residential prox...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Elda Pereira Noronha1†, Luísa Vieira Codeço Marques1†, Francianne Gomes Andrade1, Luiz Claudio Santos Thuler2, Eugênia Terra-Granado1, Maria S. Pombo-de-Oliveira1*† and the Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Acute Leukemia‡ 1Pediatric Hematology-Oncology Program, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 2Clinical Research Division, Research Center, Instituto Nacional de Câncer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is a biologically heterogeneous malignancy, which reflects distinctive stages ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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