Presence of environmental coagulase-positive staphylococci, their clonal relationship, resistance factors and ability to form biofilm.

This study aimed to investigate the presence of environmental coagulase-positive staphylococci, their susceptibility profile, clonal relationship and ability to form biofilm. The 16S rRNA genes from CoPS isolates were analyzed, and their antibiotic susceptibility was evaluated using the agar dilution method in accordance with Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines. The clonal profile was obtained by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and biofilm formation was measured by a crystal violet retention assay. A total of 72 Staphylococcus spp. strains were isolated from air, metal surfaces, and nostrils from humans, dogs, cats, and birds. Three species were identified: Staphylococcus aureus (17%), Staphylococcus intermedius (63%), and Staphylococcus pseudintermedius (21%). Ninety three percent (93%) of the strains were resistant to at least one of 13 tested antibiotics. S. pseudintermedius strains were the only resistant ones to methicillin while most of these isolates were multidrug-resistant, had significantly higher ability to form biofilm and PFGE grouped into seven different patterns, without showing clonal dispersion among animals and environmental isolates. This study suggests that dogs, cat, and air are environmental sources potentially carrying multidrug-resistant S. pseudintermedius, which survives in different environments through biofilm formation and multidrug resistance, characteristics that can be transmitted horizontally to other bacteria and ex...
Source: Revista Argentina de Microbiologia - Category: Microbiology Tags: Rev Argent Microbiol Source Type: research

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This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free." Commentary on Recent Evidence for Cognitive Decline to Precede Amyloid Aggregation in Alzheimer's Disease https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2020/01/commentary-on-recent-evidence-for-cognitive-decline-to-precede-amyloid-aggregation-in-alzheimers-disease/ I can't say that I think the data presented in the research noted here merits quite the degree of the attention that it has been given in the popular science press. It is interesting, but not compelling if its role...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusion: Our findings raise potential public health concerns for environmental contamination of MRSA and MRSE in school environments. Surfaces of school environments may potentially provide a source for cross-contamination with these bacteria into the wider community.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Authors: Escolà-Vergé L, Los-Arcos I, Almirante B Abstract One of the current priorities of the World Health Organization is multidrug-resistant bacteria, because they are a global problem due to their rapid spread and the difficulty of their treatment. In addition, they are associated with high morbidity, mortality and high economic costs. There are multidrug-resistant bacteria, both Gram-positive and Gram-negative, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii resistant to carbapenems, enterobacteria producing carbapenemases, Staphylococcus aureus resistant to methicillin and/or with ...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
As a thiol-dependent enzyme, thioredoxin reductase (TrxR) is a promising antibacterial drug target. Ebselen, an organo-selenium with well-characterized toxicology and pharmacology, was recently reported to have potent antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. In this paper, we demonstrated that ebselen has strong bactericidal activity against multidrug-resistant (MDR) S. aureus based on taking TrxR as a major target and disruption of the redox microenvironment. Further, the topical therapeutic efficacy of ebselen for staphylococcal skin infections was assessed in a rat model. Treatment with ebselen significantl...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
In this study, researchers collected monocytes from the bone marrow of healthy mice and cultured them in conditions that transformed them into macrophages. The lab also developed vitamin-based nanoparticles that were especially good at delivering messenger RNA, molecules that translate genetic information into functional proteins. The scientists, who specialize in messenger RNA for therapeutic purposes, constructed a messenger RNA encoding an antimicrobial peptide and a signal protein. The signal protein enabled the specific accumulation of the antimicrobial peptide in internal macrophage structures called lysosomes...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 11 January 2020Source: Food ControlAuthor(s): Chujun Ou, Daiqi Shang, Jingxian Yang, Bo Chen, Jiang Chang, Fangning Jin, Chunlei ShiAbstractAntimicrobial resistance has gradually become a serious problem threatening public health and food safety throughout the world. Biofilm is one of the important factors affecting the antimicrobial resistance of bacteria. Staphylococcus aureus usually has strong biofilm formation ability, and it is widely found in animal-based food. The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and biofilm formation of S. aureus in a...
Source: Food Control - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
(±)-Preisomide: A new alkaloid featuring a rare naturally occurring tetrahydro-2H-1,2-oxazin skeleton from an endophytic fungus Preussia isomera by using OSMAC strategy. Fitoterapia. 2020 Jan 09;:104475 Authors: Chen HL, Zhao WT, Liu QP, Chen HY, Zhao W, Yang DF, Yang XL Abstract A new alkaloid, named (±)-preisomide (1), together with five known polyketides (2-6), were isolated from an endophytic fungus Preussia isomera in Panax notoginseng by using one strain-many compounds (OSMAC) strategy. Their structures were identified by extensive spectroscopic experiments and comparison with lite...
Source: Fitoterapia - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Fitoterapia Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the bacterial killing efficiency of aPDT mediated by methylene blue (MB) loaded thermosensitive hydrogels against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Box-Behnken Design method was employed to investigate the impacts of the polymer compositions, Poloxamer 407, Poloxamer 188 and Carbopol 934P, on the gelation temperature (Tsol-gel) and release rate of MB. The viscosity and in vitro bacterial killing efficiency of three selected formulations with Tsol-gel ranged 25–34 °C and MB release in 2 h (the incubation time used for aPDT experiment) ≥ 70%, were assessed. ...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 April 2020Source: Chemical Engineering Journal, Volume 386Author(s): Hong-Jyuan Jian, Jiantao Yu, Yu-Jia Li, Binesh Unnikrishnan, Yu-Fen Huang, Li-Jyuan Luo, David Hui-Kang Ma, Scott G. Harroun, Huan-Tsung Chang, Han-Jia Lin, Jui-Yang Lai, Chih-Ching HuangAbstractWe demonstrate the synthesis of antibacterial carbon quantum dots (CQDs) through a one-step pyrolysis of biogenic polyamine (PA) and dopamine (DA) mixture. SPM/DA-CQDs synthesized from DA combined with spermine (SPM) exhibit effective antibacterial activity and high adhesion properties on glass and surfaces of polymeric contact lens material. ...
Source: Chemical Engineering Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
In this study, we isolated a single-chain antibody from an Indian dromedary camel (ICab) immunized against a bacterial 14TM helix transporter, NorC, from Staphylococcus aureus. We identified this antibody in a yeast display screen built from mononuclear cells isolated from the immunized camel and purified the antibody from Escherichia coli after refolding it from inclusion bodies. The X-ray structure of the antibody at 2.15 Å resolution revealed a unique feature within its CDR3 loop, which harbors a Zn2+-binding site that substitutes for a loop-stabilizing disulfide bond. We performed mutagenesis to compromise the Zn...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Protein Structure and Folding Source Type: research
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