Recurrent violence linked to substantially higher rates of mental disorders in post-conflict communities

In the aftermath of war, communities who continue to experience repeated violence could have a major escalation in rates of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and severe distress, suggests new research. Investigators conducted a survey in 2004 to estimate the prevalence of common mental disorders among 1022 adults in Timor Leste four years after the end of a long-running and violent war against Indonesian occupation, and again in 2010–11, following a period of prolonged internal conflict.
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - Category: Science Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Personalized Medicine UniverseAuthor(s): Kasumi Satoh, Tomoki Furuya, Manabu Okuyama, Hajime NakaeAbstractA 40-year-old man was admitted to the hospital with multiple injuries, including head injury and his laboratory results were significant for sodium abnormalities. Initially, hypernatremia was from increased sodium intake. Subsequently, hyponatremia developed that was unresponsive to sodium supplementation. Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion or cerebral salt wasting syndrome was suspected. Additional tests suggested post-traumatic hypopituitari...
Source: Personalized Medicine Universe - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: A variety of conditions negatively impact the health and occupational status of female aviators, with disparate occupational impacts. Prevalent conditions differed from those reported previously for all aviators in a predominantly male population. The absence of cardiovascular disease is a significant change from 20-30 years ago. Among all medical diagnoses, a minority are responsible for a greater occupational burden. PMID: 31222264 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Military Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Mil Med Source Type: research
Authors: Langer KG Abstract Memory and forgetfulness have been viewed since antiquity from perspectives of physical, emotional, and spiritual states of well-being, and conceptualized philosophically. Numerous discussions of memory loss, or case reports, existed, but a fundamental advance in conceptualization of memory loss as a pathological clinical phenomenon originated when Sauvages classified "amnesia" as a medical disorder, in 1763. Originally, amnesia was recognized as a weakening or dissolution of memory, according to a taxonomy that ascribed known causes to the disorder. Etiologic factors included ...
Source: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Tags: Front Neurol Neurosci Source Type: research
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Brain Stimulation, Volume 12, Issue 4Author(s): Garland JS, Jaskot E, Taylor JA, Buccellato KH, Osborne KC, A. Gover-Chamlou, Atwal N, Pasquina PF
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: July–August 2019Source: Brain Stimulation, Volume 12, Issue 4Author(s): Peter Chan, Kawai Leong, Larry Ong, Amy Zwicker, Darcy Cox, Sharon Willan, Raymond Lam, Alexander McGirr
Source: Brain Stimulation - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Objective: Describe treatment of a transgender woman with gender dysphoria (GD), Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Post Traumatic Stress Disorder with an accelerated sequential bilateral theta burst protocol using the H1 coil.
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
The views expressed in this abstract are those of the authors and do not reflect the official policy of the Department of Army/Navy/Air Force, Department of Defense, or U.S. Government.
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Background; Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a proven treatment for major depression but it is less known whether it treats posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), with or without depression, for those considered refractory to other treatments. A recent meta-analysis (n=118) showed that active 1 Hz or 10-20 Hz rTMS has a superior effect over sham.
Source: BRAIN STIMULATION: Basic, Translational, and Clinical Research in Neuromodulation - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
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Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Medicine Medical Science Fiction artificial artificial womb baby birth designer baby Health Healthcare Innovation mother sci-fi scifi society technology uterus Source Type: blogs
Establishing the effectiveness of post-hospital residential rehabilitation programs in the treatment of brain injury is a complicated undertaking. Due to the complex and unique needs of each individual, a custom-tailoring of interventions is required. As a...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
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