Impact of Insurance Status on Outcomes and Use of Rehabilitation Services in Acute Ischemic Stroke: Findings From Get With The Guidelines-Stroke Health Services and Outcomes Research

The objective was to determine whether patients without insurance or with government‐sponsored insurance had worse quality of care or in‐hospital outcomes in acute ischemic stroke.Methods and ResultsMultivariable logistic regressions with generalized estimating equations stratified by age under or at least 65 years were adjusted for patient demographics and comorbidities, presenting factors, and hospital characteristics to determine differences in in‐hospital mortality and postdischarge destination. We included 589 320 ischemic stroke patients treated at 1604 US hospitals participating in the Get With The Guidelines‐Stroke program between 2012 and 2015. Uninsured patients with hypertension, high cholesterol, or diabetes mellitus were less likely to be taking appropriate control medications prior to stroke, to use an ambulance to arrive to the ED, or to arrive early after symptom onset. Even after adjustment, the uninsured were more likely than the privately insured to die in the hospital (
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Ischemic Stroke Original Research Source Type: research

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Int J Vasc Med. 2021 Dec 6;2021:4244267. doi: 10.1155/2021/4244267. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTAcute ischemic strokes (AIS) and hemorrhagic strokes lead to disabling neuropsychiatric and cognitive deficits. A serious and fatal complication of AIS is the occurrence of hemorrhagic transformation (HT). HT is cerebral bleeding that occurs after an ischemic event in the infarcted areas. This review summarises how specific risk factors such as demographic factors like age, gender, and race/ethnicity, comorbidities including essential hypertension, atrial fibrillation, diabetes mellitus, congestive heart failure, and ischemic heart...
Source: International Journal of Vascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Ann Palliat Med. 2021 Nov;10(11):11539-11547. doi: 10.21037/apm-21-2666.ABSTRACTBACKGROUND: Carotid artery stenosis (CAS) is one of the leading causes of ischemic stroke. However, knowledge of the changes in the plaque itself is lacking. Information about the ultrasound and clinical features of CAS will help elucidate the changes in prognostic and risk factors.METHODS: We evaluated 736 patients with carotid stenosis for an average 18-month follow-up. According to their degree of CAS stenosis, patients were allocated to one of three groups: regression (n=125), stable (n=443), or progression (n=168). An ordinal regression an...
Source: Atherosclerosis - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract: Little recent data are available about the patterns of prescription for fibrates in patients followed in primary care practices. Therefore, the goal of this study was to analyze the prevalence of and the factors associated with the use of fibrates among patients receiving lipid-lowering drugs in Germany. The study included patients aged ≥18 years with at least 1 visit to 1 of 1070 general practices in Germany between January and December 2019. Lipid-lowering drugs included statins (without and with ezetimibe) and fibrates. The prevalence of the prescription of fibrates corresponded to the number of patient...
Source: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The study by Omelchenko et al1 concluded that, unlike the general population, low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels were not associated with ischemic stroke risk among patients with atrial fibrillation treated with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs). To arrive at this conclusion, they retrospectively analyzed data of 21,229 patients with a first-time diagnosis of nonvalvular atrial fibrillation treated with DOACs categorized according to the congestive heart failure, hypertension, age ≥75 years, diabetes mellitus, stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), vascular disease, age 65 to 74 years, sex category,...
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Int J Endocrinol. 2021 Jun 14;2021:5517228. doi: 10.1155/2021/5517228. eCollection 2021.ABSTRACTOBJECTIVE: To explore the associations between type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and stroke by evaluating the clinical risk factors, characteristics, and outcomes of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients with and without type 2 DM.METHODS: A total of 1,156 AIS patients (including 410 with type 2 DM (AIS-DM group)) and 746 without type 2 DM (AIS-NDM group)) were included. Patients' demographics, auxiliary examinations, clinical manifestations, and treatment outcomes were recorded and analyzed.RESULTS: Among the included AIS patients, ...
Source: International Journal of Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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