18 Diseases The World Has Turned Its Back On

This article is part HuffPost’s Project Zero campaign, a yearlong series on neglected tropical diseases and efforts to eliminate them. More than 1 billion people on the planet suffer from illnesses that the world pays little attention to. Neglected tropical diseases are a group of at least 18 diseases that primarily affect people living in poverty in tropical regions of the world and are virtually unknown elsewhere, according to the World Health Organization. These are diseases like river blindness, which has infected 18 million people worldwide and caused blindness in 270,000 people; or elephantiasis, a leading cause of disability worldwide, which affects over 120 million people and can cause severe swelling of the body parts, usually the legs or the scrotum. While only some of these illnesses can be fatal, many of them can cause lifelong disabilities or disfigurement. And even though many neglected tropical diseases are preventable and treatable, getting proper medical care to the people who are most vulnerable can be challenging, as the diseases primarily affect people in high-poverty communities with limited access to health services. “Because they are a threat only in impoverished settings, they have low visibility in the rest of the world,” WHO Director-General Margaret Chan says in a 2010 report. “While the scale of the need for treatment is huge, the poverty of those affected limits their access to interv...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Authors: Ono Y, Yoshikura N, Takekoshi A, Ohe N, Hayashi H, Yamada M, Hayashi Y, Kimura A, Shimohata T Abstract A 57-year-old woman with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) receiving mechanical ventilation developed intractable right temporal headache. She was diagnosed with brain abscess secondary to chronic suppurative otitis media. In this case, the otitis media was caused by nasopharyngeal reflux associated with eustachian tube muscle weakness and a supine position. In addition, ALS patients under mechanical ventilation have a limited ability to convey their pain. Their complaints are often overlooked because m...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Ichijo M, Tsuchiya K, Kasai T, Inoshita N, Yoshimoto H, Yamada S, Kitamura K Abstract A 30-year-old woman with multiple ovarian cysts presented with high serum estradiol levels. She had a pituitary adenoma, but the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) concentration was within the normal range. The patient complained of neck pain and palpitations during the disease course, and laboratory results revealed thyrotoxicosis and a systemic inflammatory response with negative findings for anti-thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody and positive findings for anti-thyroglobulin and anti-thyroid peroxidase...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Authors: Higashihara T, Okada A, Nakamura Y, Saigusa H, Homma S, Matsumura M, Kusano T, Shimizu A, Takano H Abstract We performed a renal biopsy for nephrotic syndrome in a patient with squamous cell lung carcinoma, which can worsen the prognosis. Chemoradiation therapy was effective for the cancer and proteinuria; we thus inferred that the nephrotic syndrome had been closely associated with the carcinoma. A pathological analysis of the kidney showed monoclonality for λ chain, satisfying the diagnostic criteria of proliferative glomerulonephritis with monoclonal immunoglobulin deposits (PGNMID); however, con...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Ramiro Lizano Santamaria, Aamir Jeewa, Ari Cedars, Holger Buchholz, Jennifer ConwayAbstractThe use of ventricular assist device (VAD) support continues to increase and it is now considered part of the standard of care for most adult and children with end stage heart failure unresponsive to medical management. However, the application of VAD therapy in both the pediatric and adult population with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been less extensive and continues to face significant challenges. Nevertheless, the experience is...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe results of this study showed that lung volume changes were not a cause for concern in breast cancer patients. There are three reasons to support this conclusion. Lung volume changes and percentage reductions in LVP for each Gy increase of MLD and each percentage increase of V20 in each lobe were small; patients were asymptomatic during the follow-up period; and LVP showed partial improvements after 6 months.
Source: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionUsing robust optimization for skin flash in breast IMRT planning is feasible. Further investigation is warranted to confirm the clinical effectiveness of this novel approach.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsExternal beam APBI results in excellent long-term disease control. Good to excellent cosmetic outcomes are achieved in most patients, although increasing dose per fraction and greater percentage of irradiated breast were predictive of adverse posttreatment cosmetic outcomes. Select patients in “cautionary” and “unsuitable” consensus groupings do not appear to have inferior outcomes.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThe use of conventional chemotherapy in the treatment of cancer has been restricted by the lack of cell specificity, which causes toxicity regarding healthy cells resulting in limiting side effects responsible for low therapeutic efficiency. To overcome these drawbacks, the design of prodrugs has evolved and improved by covalently linking the drug through a degradable spacer. The use of these prodrugs as drug delivery systems, which are able to inactivate the drug during its biodistribution to specifically deliver the drug to its target, is an important breakthrough in cancer therapy. This strategy consisting in th...
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe exposure –response analysis suggested that intermittent 7-day veliparib 120 mg BID dosing in a 21-day cycle provided additional efficacy without meaningfully impacting the safety and tolerability when co-administered with carboplatin and paclitaxel in patients with BRCA-deficient breast cancer. A higher d ose of veliparib is unlikely to provide greater benefit in this combination in patients with BRCA-deficient recurrent or metastatic breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
AbstractThioredoxin (Trx), thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), and NADPH are key members of the Trx system that is involved in redox regulation and antioxidant defense. In recent years, several researchers have provided information about the roles of the Trx system in cancer development and progression. These reports indicated that many tumor cells express high levels of Trx and TrxR, which can be responsible for drug resistance in tumorigenesis. Inhibition of the Trx system may thus contribute to cancer therapy and improving chemotherapeutic agents. There are now a number of effective natural and synthetic inhibitors with chemo...
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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