Scientists pinpoint protein that could improve small cell lung cancer therapies

(Virginia Commonwealth University) Approximately 15 percent of all lung cancers are small cell lung cancers, which grow rapidly and often develop resistance to chemotherapy. However, researchers at Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have revealed new insights into the mechanisms leading to this resistance that may lead to improved therapies.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Abstract BMI-1 (B-lymphoma Mo-MLV insertion region 1) is a key protein partner in polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1) that helps in maintaining the integrity of the complex. It is also a key player in ubiquitination of histone H2A which affects gene expression pattern involved in various cellular processes such as cell proliferation, growth, DNA repair, apoptosis and senescence. In many cancers, Overexpression of BMI1correlates with advanced stages of disease, aggressive clinicopathological behavior, poor prognosis resistance to radiation and chemotherapy. BMI1 is emerging as a key player in EMT, chemo-resistance...
Source: Gene - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tags: Gene Source Type: research
Work by theNanotechnology Characterization Laboratory (NCL), a joint initiative of NCI, NIST, and the FDA, has led to the discovery of a novel combination chemotherapy. This combination is shown to have synergistic effects on cytotoxicity to cancer cells in vitro, and to cause a substantial decrease in tumor growth in preclinical tumor models in vivo. Combination therapy using these agents may enhance the response rate of different cancers to these drugs and may significantly reduce side effects by permitting a lower therapeutic dose to be administered. SAIC Frederick'' s Nanotechnology Characterization   Laboratory&n...
Source: NIH OTT Licensing Opportunities - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusion: The approaches of this review are to highlight the recent management advances and contrast the differences of treatment practice between Western and Asian countries.
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Palliation may be the goal of care for some patients with intra-thoracic lung cancer. Factors such as the extent of disease, comorbidities, performance status, or symptom burden, may indicate that patients are unsuitable for more aggressive approaches with a curative intent. A palliative treatment plan implies a focus on the effective relief and control of symptoms, while preserving both the quality and quantity of life. Therapeutic measures may include palliative radiotherapy, palliative chemotherapy, or other forms of systemic treatment. In addition, certain interventional procedures may be used to achieve symptom pallia...
Source: Current Cancer Therapy Reviews - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to synthesize and test the effectiveness of a nanotechnology-based strategy utilizing folic acid (FA)-conjugated liposomes that incorporate both celastrol (Cs) and irinotecan (Ir) for targeted breast cancer therapy. Our results revealed the successful preparation of Cs and Ir-loaded folate-targeted liposomes (Lipo/Cs/Ir-FA) with a small particle size (∼190 nm) and polydispersity index (∼0.10). The formulation exhibited higher drug release profiles for both Ir and Cs at pH 5.0 compared to those at physiological pH, favoring cancer cell-targeted release. Furthermore, in vitr...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 April 2018Source: Respiratory InvestigationAuthor(s): Kohei Otsubo, Isamu Okamoto, Naoki Hamada, Yoichi NakanishiAbstractInterstitial lung disease (ILD) is a risk factor for lung cancer development and is frequently observed in patients with lung cancer. Individuals with ILD have been excluded from most prospective clinical trials of lung cancer therapies because of the risk of ILD acute exacerbation. Thus, the optimal anticancer drug treatment for such patients has yet to be established. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors are avoided for the treatment of advanced non–small cell lung can...
Source: Respiratory Investigation - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionClinicians under-report toxicities during and after curative RT in older patients with head and neck or lung cancer. Select toxicities reported by patients early in treatment and clinicians later in treatment were associated with poor tolerance to cancer therapy, providing valuable complementary information.
Source: Journal of Geriatric Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to synthesize and test the effectiveness of a nanotechnology-based strategy utilizing folic acid (FA)-conjugated liposomes that incorporate both celastrol (Cs) and irinotecan (Ir) for targeted breast cancer therapy. Our results revealed the successful preparation of Cs and Ir-loaded folate-targeted liposomes (Lipo/Cs/Ir-FA) with a small particle size (∼190 nm) and polydispersity index (∼0.10). The formulation exhibited higher drug release profiles for both Ir and Cs at pH 5.0 compared to those at physiological pH, favoring cancer cell-targeted release. Furthermore, in vitr...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
The objectives of the current study were to synthesize and test the effectiveness of a nanotechnology-based strategy utilizing folic acid (FA)-conjugated liposomes that incorporate both celastrol (Cs) and irinotecan (Ir) for targeted breast cancer therapy. Our results revealed the successful preparation of Cs and Ir-loaded folate-targeted liposomes (Lipo/Cs/Ir-FA) with a small particle size (∼190 nm) and polydispersity index (∼0.10). The formulation exhibited higher drug release profiles for both Ir and Cs at pH 5.0 compared to those at physiological pH, favoring cancer cell-targeted release. Furthermore, in vitr...
Source: Colloids and Surfaces - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces Source Type: research
Abstract Standard and targeted cancer therapies for late-stage cancer patients almost universally fail due to tumor heterogeneity/plasticity and intrinsic or acquired drug resistance. We used the telomerase substrate nucleoside precursor, 6-thio-2'-deoxyguanosine (6-thio-dG), to target telomerase-expressing non-small cell lung cancer cells resistant to EGFR-inhibitors and commonly used chemotherapy combinations. Colony formation assays, human xenografts as well as syngeneic and genetically engineered immune competent mouse models of lung cancer were used to test the effect of 6-thio-dG on targeted therapy- and che...
Source: Neoplasia - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Neoplasia Source Type: research
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