Diagnosing Respiratory Disease in Children Using Cough Sounds

Conditions:   Pneumonia;   Bronchiolitis;   Asthma;   Croup;   Upper Respiratory Tract Infection;   Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Intervention:   Other: Recording of Infants and Children's Cough Sounds Sponsors:   ResApp Health Limited;   Massachusetts General Hospital;   The Cleveland Clinic;   Texas Children's Hospital Not yet recruiting - verified November 2016
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials

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GB Abstract BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory illnesses cause substantial morbidity worldwide. Cough is a common symptom in these childhood respiratory illnesses but there is currently no large cohort data on whether various cough characteristics can differentiate between these aetiologies. RESEARCH QUESTION: Can various clinically-based cough characteristics (frequency [day-time/ night-time], the sound itself, or type [wet/dry]) be used to differentiate common aetiologies (asthma, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, other acute respiratory infections) of acute cough in children? STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Between 201...
Source: Chest - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Chest Source Type: research
Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Discussion The respiratory system is a complex system. The upper airways must remain patient. The lower airways must interface with the vascular system. The musculoskeletal system must provide mechanical function and the central nervous system must provide overall control. Respiratory failure occurs when the overall system cannot support the body’s necessarily ventilation, oxygenation or both. Children are at higher risk of respiratory failure. They have few intrinsic lung parenchyma problems, but have very small airways that increase the airflow resistance by themselves but then have to contend with problems such as...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS: HBoV can be detected alone and in co-infection respiratory samples of children with an acute respiratory tract infection. A cause-effect relationship between HBoV and respiratory infection is not clear, so further studies are needed to clarify this point. PMID: 31776891 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: World J Pediatr Source Type: research
BOSTON (CBS) — When your child is coughing, it can be hard, even for a doctor, to distinguish between a cold or something more serious but researchers in Australia were able to reliably pinpoint the cause of a child’s cough using a smartphone app. Kids cough all the time, often from the common cold or seasonal allergies but sometimes it’s more serious like pneumonia. Kids may be misdiagnosed or treated unnecessarily with antibiotics or other medications because it’s often hard to tell what their coughing is about. Researchers were able to train speech recognition technology to recognize different co...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Boston News Health Healthwatch Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall Source Type: news
Aspiration is a syndrome with variable respiratory manifestations that span acute, life-threatening illnesses, such as acute respiratory distress syndrome, to chronic, sometimes insidious, respiratory disorders such as aspiration bronchiolitis. Diagnostic testing is limited by the insensitivity of histologic testing, and although gastric biomarkers for aspiration are increasingly available, none have been clinically validated. The leading mechanism for microaspiration is thought to be gastroesophageal reflux disease, largely driven by the increased prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux across a variety of respiratory disor...
Source: Mayo Clinic Proceedings - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Acute respiratory infection (ARI) is the second leading cause of death in children less than 5 years of age worldwide. Human Metapneumovirus (hMPV) is associated with around 5‐7% of the total pneumonia admissions in children. The aim of this study was to determine the magnitude of hMPV associated hospitalizations among children, in Karachi, Pakistan. A 3 years prospective study was conducted at the Aga Khan University Hospital (AKUH), from August 2009 to June 2012. Children less than 5 years of age, admitted with ARIs, were enrolled. Throat swabs were collected and tested for hMPV using real‐time PCR. Multivariable log...
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Conclusion: The proportion of hMPV was higher among hospitalized infants with ARI. Pneumonia was the primary discharge diagnoses of patients who tested positive for hMPV. hMPV could be a target for future vaccine to further decrease the burden of ARI morbidity and possibly mortality in developing countries. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
DiscussionObstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is defined as a “disorder of breathing during sleep characterized by prolonged partial upper airway obstruction and/or intermittent complete obstruction (obstructive apnea) that disrupts normal ventilation during sleep and normal sleep patterns.” It is different than primary snoring which is snoring without apnea, sleep arousals, or problems with gas exchange. OSAS symptoms include snoring (often with snorts, gasps or pauses), disturbed sleep (often frequent arousals) and daytime neurobehavioral problems. Sleepiness during the day can occur but is less common in...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
Follow me on Twitter @drClaire It starts as a runny nose and a slight cough — and quickly makes babies miserable. Bronchiolitis is a very common illness in babies during the fall, winter, and early spring. It mostly affects children under the age of two, but is most common in babies three to six months old. While the majority of babies who get it do just fine, some can get very sick. So it’s important that parents of infants know what bronchiolitis is, what to watch for, and what to do. Ultimately, bronchiolitis is just a really bad cold. There are a few different viruses that can cause it. The most common one ...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Children's Health Cold and Flu Lung disease Parenting Source Type: blogs
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