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Antimicrobial Activity of Rubia cordifolia: Methods to Determine Antimicrobial Activity

Conclusion: Rubia cordifolia root extracts showed antimicrobial effects. Using pour plate technique in agar well diffusion method is more sensitive in showing antimicrobial effectiveness than using spreading technique.
Source: Research Journal of Medicinal Plant - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThis systematic review thoroughly describes fungal infections in patients with IBD and provides important information for the early detection and management of these infections.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Mycoses - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Microbial Pathogenesis Author(s): Maryam Dadar, Ruchi Tiwari, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Sandip Chakraborty, Youcef Shahali, Kuldeep Dhama Candida albicans is an emerging multidrug-resistant fungal pathogen representing an important source of invasive disease in humans and generating high healthcare costs worldwide. This fungus is frequently found in different anatomical sites of healthy persons and could induce systemic and superficial infections under optimal environmental conditions. Invasive candidiasis (IC) is an important nosocomial infection with high morbidi...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
This study points to the possibility of application of dicephalic surfactants as the surface-coating agents to prevent biofilm formation or as disinfectants. The results give an insight into the possible mechanism of action of newly synthesized dicephalic surfactants in yeast cells. Graphical abstract
Source: Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
In this study for the first time, potent inhibitory effects of ZnO NPs on principal virulence factors of Candida albicans and non-albicans such as germ tube formation, secretion of hydrolytic phospholipases and proteinases and biofilm formation has been investigated. ZnO NPs remarkably reduced the germ tube formation of C. albicans at 1 (86.4%), 0.5 (75.0%), 0.25 (61.4%), 0.125 (34.1%) and 0.062 mg/ml (11.4%). ZnO NPs significantly lowered the phospholipase and proteinase secretion by 58.8 and 95.2% at 0.25 mg/ml, respectively. CSLM results showed that ZnO NPs suppressed biofilm formation up to 85% at 0.25&th...
Source: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine and Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Tags: Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol Source Type: research
A 60-year-old woman with Fuchs' dystrophy underwent an uncomplicated Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty. One week later, she developed culture-positive Candida glabrata endophthalmitis presumably due to a contaminated donor graft. The donor rim tissue culture also tested positive for Candida glabrata several days later. Despite multiple injections of intravitreal voriconazole, her vision declined to light perception and decision was made to proceed with pars plana vitrectomy. One day after surgery, a dense fibrin web was observed in the anterior chamber (Fig  1A).
Source: Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Pictures & Perspectives Source Type: research
CANDIDA is a yeast that naturally exists in the mouth, gut and vagina. It isn ’t a problem until it grows and overpopulates your digestive system, which can a number of symptoms. Here are six signs you could have candida overgrowth syndrome.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Particuology Author(s): A.H. Ashour, Ahmed I. El-Batal, M.I.A. Abdel Maksoud, Gharieb S. El-Sayyad, Sh. Labib, E. Abdeltwab, M.M. El-Okr Metal-substituted cobalt ferrites [M x Co(1−x)Fe2O4 (M=Zn, Cu, Mn; x =0.0, 0.25, 0.5, and 0.75)] were synthesized via a sol–gel technique. The ferrite structures were confirmed by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, surface analysis using the Brunauer–Emmett–Teller method, and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy. Antimicrobial activity of these ferrite...
Source: Particuology - Category: Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: The results of the present study suggest high incidence of AP (LAP and GAP) within families was associated with depressed neutrophil chemotaxis. High prevalence of depressed neutrophil chemotaxis in the family members (61%) of LAP probands exhibiting depressed chemotaxis suggests that the observed abnormalities in neutrophil functions may also be inherited by the family members.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology - Category: Dentistry Authors: Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 February 2018 Source:Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology Author(s): Zaheer Khan, Shaeel Ahmad Al-Thabaiti Biomimetic method was used for the synthesis of Fe-nanoparticles (FeNPs). FeCl3 and Hibiscus sabdariffa, Roselle flower aqueous extract (HBS) were employed in the present studies. The FeNPs have been characterized by using UV–visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscope (TEM), and energy dispersion X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The average particles diameter was found to be 18 nm. The as prepared FeNPs were used as a catalyst to the oxidative degrad...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Abstract This work investigated the ability of a recently isolated strain of Candida guilliermondii to convert hexoses and pentoses obtained from acid-enzymatic soybean hull hydrolysates into ethanol and, in smaller amounts, into xylitol. Operational conditions and media formulation were optimized concerning ethanol production using experimental designs (Plackett-Burman and Central Composite Design). Results showed that C. guilliermondii BL 13 was capable of growing in non-supplemented, non-detoxified biomass hydrolysates, and the best culture conditions were determined to be 28 °C, pH 5.0, and 109 CFU mL-1 of inoculum...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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