Diaphragmatic and intercostal electromyographic activity during neostigmine, sugammadex and neostigmine–sugammadex-enhanced recovery after neuromuscular blockade: A randomised controlled volunteer study
We examined the EMGdi and sEMG at the intercostal muscles during recovery enhanced by neostigmine or sugammadex or neostigmine–sugammadex as primary outcomes. Secondary objectives were the tidal volume, PaO2 recorded between the onset of spontaneous breathing and extubation of the trachea and SpO2 during and after anaesthesia. RESULTS: During weaning, median peak EMGdi was 0.76 (95% confidence interval: 1.20 to 1.80) μV in the neostigmine group, 1.00 (1.23 to 1.82) μV in the sugammadex group and 0.70 (0.91 to 1.21) μV in the neostigmine–sugammadex group (P
CONCLUSION: Men with rectal prolapse were younger, healthier, and had relatively better anorectal function than women. The Delorme-Thiersch operation in men promoted lower recurrence rates and was advantageous in preserving the fertility of young patients, but the incidence of complications was also higher in men. Adequate counseling and preparation for the possibility of complications are needed. PMID: 31726002 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: Surgical oncologists consider the patient's condition and postoperative course rather than high-risk factors to determine use of AC. Regardless of AC use, both the extent of surgery and the patient's subsequent status affected the survival rate in the high-risk group. None of the factors identified influenced survival rate in the low-risk group. PMID: 31726001 [PubMed]
CONCLUSION: R2PHF was safe and well-tolerated at doses ranging from 0.0625 to 0.50 mg. A single administration of 0.50 mg was determined to be the maximum tolerated dose of R2PHF. Further pharmacodynamics, safety, and efficacy testing is required to advance R2PHF to the next stage of clinical development and application. . PMID: 31724530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
We report on the advance of freeze-dried mucoadhesive orodispersible tablets (ODTs) loaded with prilocaine (PRC) and lidocaine (LDC) hydrochlorides, aiming to promote noninvasive buccal anesthesia. The influences of combining biocompatible polymers (pullulan and HPMC K100 LV) and a blend of surfactants (oleic acid, polysorbate 80 and propylene glycol) acting as chemical enhancers on the permeation of such drugs through the esophageal porcine epithelium and in vitro mucoadhesion were investigated. The ODTs were also characterized in terms of average weight, thickness, pH, drug content, in vitro release, thermal behavior and...
Find out which Choosing Wisely recommendations have been set forth by the Society for the Advancement of Blood Management.Anesthesia &Analgesia
Might a bundled intraoperative protective ventilation strategy help reduce the risk for postoperative pulmonary complications after cardiac surgery?Anesthesiology
This study investigates the safety and efficacy of a large-dose, needle-based epidural technique in obstetric anesthesia. The technique differs from a standard, catheter-based approach in that the anesthetic dose is administered through an epidural needle prior to insertion of the epidural catheter. Using a data-driven informatics and machine learning approach, our findings show that the needle-based technique is faster and more dose-effective in achieving sensory level. We also find that injecting large doses in the epidural space through the epidural needle is safe, with complication rates similar to those reported in pu...
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Taro Kato, Ronald S. DumanAbstractConventional antidepressant medications, which act on monoaminergic systems, have significant limitations, including a time lag of weeks to months and low rates of therapeutic efficacy. Recently, clinical findings demonstrate that ketamine, a dissociative anesthetic that blocks N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor channel activity, causes rapid (within hours) and long-lasting (7 to 10 days) antidepressant effects. Rapastinel is a novel glutamatergic compound that acts as an NMDAR p...
We aimed to evaluate a modified endotracheal tube containing upper and lower balloons for anesthetic administration among patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Conclusion: During laser for ROP, low dose fentanyl infusion was found to be efficacious in reducing pain as compared with 24% sucrose.What is Known:• Preterm infants undergoing laser photocoagulation for ROP suffer significant amount of pain.• Standard of care for pain relief in infants undergoing laser therapy in developed countries is general anesthesia (GA) or combination of sedation, analgesia, and paralysis (SAP).What is New:• During laser photocoagulation for ROP, fentanyl infusion at low dose (1 mcg/kg/hr) is efficacious in reducing pain as compared to 24% oral sucrose.