'Not enough over-50s' taking aspirin to prevent heart disease
Conclusion This study doesn't really tell us anything we didn't already know. Aspirin has been used for many years to prevent heart attacks and strokes in people with cardiovascular disease. Aspirin's wider use is controversial, because of the potential side effects. What this study does add is an estimate of what might happen if all people in the US who were advised to take aspirin under US guidelines, actually did so. (The researchers say that 40% of men and 10% of women advised to take aspirin don't take it). The study assumes that people would get the same benefits as those seen in clinical trials of aspirin. This is unrealistic, because most studies find that people tend to do better in clinical trials than when being treated in the real world. The average results – showing an additional one month of disability-free life for every 1,000 people – may sound trivial. However, it's important to remember that averages don't work like that in real life. Many people will get no benefit from aspirin, while a smaller group will avoid a heart attack or stroke, and so live many more months or possibly years, as a result of taking aspirin. If you've already had a heart attack or stroke, or if you have angina or another heart or circulation problem, your doctor has probably prescribed low dose aspirin. There's good evidence that aspirin (or similar drugs, for those who can't take aspirin) can help prevent a second heart attack or stroke. Find out more information about as...
What impact do antibiotic-related changes of the gut microbiome have on efficacy of immune-checkpoint inhibitors?Annals of Oncology
For patients with life-altering illnesses or anyone just getting older, it helps to roll with the punches and make the best of the here and now.
Men with early stage prostate cancer did not show benefits from a vegetable-rich diet.
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Publication date: Available online 19 January 2020Source: Food Research InternationalAuthor(s): Caiyu Lei, Xiangyi Tang, He Li, Hualei Chen, Shujuan YuAbstractThe grape seed extract (GSE) hybridized with medium-chain saturated fatty acids (decanoic acid) exhibited higher lipophilicity, antioxidant activity, and anti-proliferative activity than its parents. The chemical structures of individual hybridized GSE derivatives were identified as 3'-O-decanoyl catechin, 3′-O-decanoyl epicatechin, 3', 5'-2-O-decanoyl epigallocatechin, and 3', 4', 3'', 5''-4-O-decanoyl epicatechin gallate by HPLC-MS2 and 1H and 13C NMR. For gr...
Women whose periods stop before the age of 40 are at greater risk of diabetes, heart disease, strokes, asthma and breast cancer, the study found. The UK menopause average is 51.
Publication date: 15 April 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1206Author(s): Imre Huber, Zsuzsanna Rozmer, Zoltán Gyöngyi, Ferenc Budán, Péter Horváth, Eszter Kiss, Pál PerjésiAbstractThe chemical susceptibility of the β-diketone linker between the two aromatic rings in the structure of curcumin to hydrolysis and metabolism has made it crucial to investigate structurally modified analogs of curcumin without such shortcomings. The synthesis of twenty cyclic C5-curcuminoids is described in this study in order to gain more insight into their anticancer struct...
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