p53 signaling modulation of cell cycle arrest and viral replication in porcine circovirus type 2 infection cells

AbstractPorcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is a ubiquitous pathogen in the swine industry worldwide. Previous studies have shown that PCV2 infection induces host cell apoptosis through up-regulation of p53. To further identify the regulatory roles of p53 signaling in the process of PCV2 infection, we establishedp53 gene knockout PK15 cell lines using the genomic editor tool CRISPR/Cas9, and further investigated the roles of p53 in modulating the cell cycle and viral replication in this study. The results show that PCV2 infection induced obvious S phase accumulation in wild-type PK15 cells and a compromised S phase accumulation in thep53 gene mutation cells (813PK15p53m/m), but did not induce obvious S phase accumulation in thep53 gene knockout cells (148PK15p53−/−) compared with the respective mock infection. PCV2 infection activated p53 signaling, up-regulated the expression of p21, Cyclin E, and down-regulated Cyclin A, CDK2. In p53 deficient cells, however, PCV2-induced changes in Cyclin A, CDK2, and Cyclin E were efficiently reversed to the basal levels. Detection of PCV2 replication showed decreased viral ORF1 genomic DNA in p53 deficient cells (148PK15p533−/−) and p53 mutated cells (813PK15p53m/m) compared with p53 wild-type cells after different synchronization treatment. Furthermore, PCV2 viral genomic DNA and Cap protein levels were higher in the cells released from S phase synchronized cells than in the cells released from the G0/G1 phase or G2...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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DiscussionThe interventions of education and medication alerts resulted in a significant increase in the percentage of patients receiving appropriate doses of dilTIAZem and a nonsignificant decrease in the incidence of hypotension. This process-oriented intervention resulted in an improvement in appropriate dilTIAZem doses at our site. Rate control was not statistically significantly different between the 2 groups. Long-term sustainability of this intervention requires further study.
Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
ConclusionsVitamin D insufficiency was prevalent in both newly diagnosed axSpA patients and healthy controls. There was no association between vitamin D and pain and disease activity in the newly diagnosed axSpA patients. Monitoring vitamin D levels is important and early intervention for vitamin D insufficiency is needed, especially in female patients.
Source: International Journal of Nursing Sciences - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
ConclusionVacuum assisted dressing is more effective than traditional wound dressing in wound healing of open fractures.
Source: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
This study aims to reflect on the process of adoption of the preprints publication model, briefly delimiting its history and current use by the national and the international scientific community. Departing from the literature and a consultation of preprint repositories, this reflection intends to highlight the main challenges that preprint implementation will face in the Nursing area, along with its specificities. While considering its benefits for scientific dissemination, this study points out the difficulties that may arise from the implementation of mostly north-American science models in a peripheral country such as ...
Source: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
RESUMO Objetivo Identificar na literatura a avalia ção da qualidade dos serviços de Atenção Primária à Saúde sob a ótica de cuidadores de crianças por meio da aplicação do PCATool, versão infantil. Método Revisão integrativa realizada nas bases de dados MEDLINE, CINAHL, LILACS, BDENF e Web of Science. Resultados Foram selecionados 17 artigos. Todos os estudos incluídos eram descritivos (100%) e possuíam nível de evidência IV (100%). O componente grau de afiliação (média=7,...
Source: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Neonatal screening with the red reflex is not sufficient to detect intraocular disease. A normal neonatal red reflex does no exclude intraocular disease. It has a specificity of nearly 90%, but its sensitivity is only 56%. Most retinal haemorrhages are undiagnosed as they cannot be detected with a red reflex. PMID: 31826811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
Reaction to claims of study misconduct have dominated the press and social media since the report dropped earlier this week.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Cardiology News Source Type: news
At least 1,300 people have died from the flu so far this season, according to a preliminary estimate released Friday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Researchers have developed a self-cleaning plastic wrap that repels bacteria -- and could be used to prevent the transfer of antibiotic resistant superbugs, and other forms of dangerous bacteria.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
There is evidence that an ancient Chinese form of martial arts improves your mind and body, and may even contribute to a longer life.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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