Episiotomy and severe perineal trauma among Eastern African immigrant women giving birth in public maternity care: A population based study in Victoria, Australia.

CONCLUSIONS: Overall, Eastern African immigrant women experienced elevated odds of episiotomy and severe perineal tear. Health care providers need to be mindful of the increased risk of severe perineal tear in these women and enhance efforts in identification and treatment of severe perineal trauma to minimise associated short and long term morbidity. Strategies to reduce unneeded episiotomy and ways of enhancing perineal safety are also needed. PMID: 27889259 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Women Birth - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Women Birth Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSION: Considering the rates of episiotomy, this study highlights the need for the absolute contraindication to indiscriminate performing it. PMID: 33027489 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Rev Bras Enferm Source Type: research
Publication date: 10 January 2021Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 264Author(s): Azam Faraji, Maryam Aghdaki, Kamran Hessami, Ayda Hosseinkhani, Shohreh Roozmeh, Nasrin Asadi, Homeira Vafaei, Maryam Kasraeian, Roya Bagheri, Khadije Bazrafshan, Leila Foroughinia
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Authors: Fikadu K, Boti N, Tadesse B, Mesele D, Aschenaki E, Toka E, Arega F, Girma T, Paulos A Abstract Background: Episiotomy is the most common obstetric procedure, performed when the clinical circumstances place the patient at a high risk of high-degree laceration. However, episiotomy should be done with judicious indication to lower perineal laceration with fewer complications. Despite its adverse effects, the magnitude of episiotomy is increasing due to different factors. Therefore, this study is aimed at determining the recent magnitude of episiotomy and at identifying associated factors among women who gave...
Source: Journal of Pregnancy - Category: OBGYN Tags: J Pregnancy Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: In maternity units with a high rate of epidural analgesia, the effectiveness of the type of directed pushing does not appear to differ between the open- and closed-glottis groups. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: If directed pushing is necessary, women should be able to choose the type of directed pushing they prefer to use during birth. Professionals must therefore be trained in both types so that they can adequately support women as they give birth. PMID: 32992159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
Conclusions: Epidural analgesia, episiotomy, perineal tears and parity influence the type of lactation and duration of breastfeeding during the six months after birth. The results suggest no association between the type of lactation and the mode of birth or between breastfeeding duration and the mode of birth.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
Conclusion Humanized obstetric practices have greater potential to promote maternal welfare. The importance of obstetric nurses conducting practices which provide greater welfare to mothers is emphasized.
Source: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP - Category: Nursing Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study provides key insights into midwives' confidence and educational needs in relation to managing the woman's perineum during the second stage of labour. The findings from this study demonstrates the appetite of midwives for additional education in the area of perineal management, particularly prevention strategies. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: Midwives play an essential role in reducing the rates of perineal trauma through regular education. It is therefore important that midwives keep up to date with the best available evidence. Updating existing perineal management educational programmes that are ...
Source: Midwifery - Category: Midwifery Authors: Tags: Midwifery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to make general conclusions about the effectiveness and safety of laxatives for preventing postpartum constipation. The evidence in this review was assessed as low to very low-certainty evidence, with downgrading decisions based on limitations in study design, indirectness and imprecision. We did not identify any trials assessing educational or behavioural interventions. We identified four trials that examined laxatives versus placebo, and one that examined laxatives versus laxatives plus stool bulking agents. Further, rigorous trials are needed to assess the effectiveness and sa...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
ConclusionsApproximately one of five (20.6%) women undergoing instrumental delivery developed postpartum urinary retention. Among women undergoing instrumental delivery, episiotomy increased the chances of developing postpartum retention in nulliparous but not multiparous women. Prolonged second stage as an indication for instrumental delivery also increased the chances of retention. Future studies are needed to define the cutoff for diagnosis and to evaluate the long ‐term effects of covert postpartum urinary retention, as well to study the effect of episiotomy on development of postpartum urinary retention in women und...
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Single dose aspirin may increase adequate pain relief in women with perineal pain post-episiotomy compared with placebo. It is uncertain whether aspirin has an effect on the need for additional analgesia, or on maternal adverse effects, compared with placebo. We downgraded the certainty of the evidence because of study limitations (risk of bias), imprecision, and publication bias. Aspirin may be considered for use in non-breastfeeding women with post-episiotomy perineal pain. Included RCTs excluded breastfeeding women, so there was no evidence to assess the effects of aspirin on neonatal adverse effects or bre...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
More News: African Health | Episiotomy | Eritrea Health | Health Management | Perinatology & Neonatology | Study | Women