Effect of aphasia on acute stroke outcomes

Conclusion: Aphasia is independently associated with increased LOS and complications during the acute stroke admission, adding $2.16 billion annually to US acute stroke care. The presence of aphasia was more likely to produce a poor functional outcome than hemiparesis. These data suggest that further research is necessary to determine whether establishing adaptive communication skills can mitigate its consequences in the acute stroke setting.
Source: Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: All Clinical Neurology, All Cerebrovascular disease/Stroke ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The clinical guidelines are still the main reference for guiding clinical practice, and the main thrombolytic standards and contraindications for treatment still need to be conformed. On this basis, for individualized patients, clinicians must accurately judge the cause of acute stroke, to make optimal choice, reduce disability and mortality, and improve quality of life of patients.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Authors: Rossi UG, Ierardi AM, Cariati M Abstract A 77-year-old woman with a history of hypertension developed acute onset of aphasia and right hemiplegia and hemisensory loss. She was urgently referred to emergency department. Cerebral multidetector computed tomographic angiography (MD-CTA) revealed an acute ischemic stroke due to the occlusion of the left middle cerebral artery (Figure 1). Since the symptoms started three hours previously, the patient was candidate for mechanical thrombectomy. The patient then performed a selective digital subtraction angiography (DSA) of the left internal carotid artery that con...
Source: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica - Category: Neurology Tags: Acta Neurol Taiwan Source Type: research
An elderly woman with h/o stroke and aphasia seemed different to her daughter, and was pointing all over her body as if in pain.They called 911.She had a history of PCI to the circumflex and also of severe mitral regurgitation, status post bioprosthetic valve replacement.  Also a h/o LV aneurysm with thrombus, on anticoagulation, as well as a dual chamber pacemaker. On arrival, the BP was 60/30.Here is the initial ECG:There is atrial pacing and Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB)There is STE in I and aVL, V5, V6, with reciprocal STD in II, III, aVFThere is appropriately discordant ST depression in V1-V3 (appropriate...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
A 57-year-old man with atherosclerosis obliterans was admitted with sudden-onset sensory aphasia and right hemiparesis. Brain MRI revealed acute cerebral infarctions in the left temporal lobe and magnetic resonance angiography showed occlusion of the posterior branch of the left middle cerebral artery. Transesophageal echocardiography and ultrasonography respectively confirmed a patent foramen ovale and deep vein thrombosis in the bilateral femoral veins. Blood findings showed low protein S antigen, low protein S activity, and a missense mutation of the PROS 1 gene.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart AssociationAuthor(s): Carlos Minguito-Carazo, Tomás Benito-González, Julio Cesar Echarte-Morales, Mario Castaño-Ruiz, Felipe Fernández-VázquezAbstractA 78-year-old woman with a history of transient ischemic attack was admitted for sudden aphasia. In order to assess the potential cardioembolic source an echocardiogram was performed, which revealed a large mass consistent with a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale. Because of the high risk of systemic embolism, emergent surgical thrombectomy...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart AssociationAuthor(s): Carlos Minguito-Carazo, Tomás Benito-González, Julio Cesar Echarte-Morales, Mario Castaño-Ruiz, Felipe Fernández-VázquezAbstractA 78-year-old woman with history of transient ischemic attack was admitted for sudden aphasia. In order to assess a potential cardioembolic source an echocardiogram was performed revealing a large mass consistent with a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale. Due to the high risk of systemic embolism emergent surgical thrombectomy was performed,...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: Aphasia negatively impacts quality of life. This is the first Brazilian study that investigates the prevalence of aphasia and its related factors, the results of which may underpin hospital and health service planning for this vulnerable population.Objective: To establish the prevalence of aphasia in patients after first-ever ischemic stroke (FEIS) and associated factors.Methods: This is a retrospective cohort study, based on a database held in Joinville, Brazil. All cases of FEIS admitted to one public hospital in Joinville in 2015 were selected. The diagnosis of aphasia was verified by neuro...
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research
Conclusions: Embolism associated with asymptomatic carotid stenosis shows circadian variation with highest rates 4–6 h before midday. This corresponds with peak circadian incidence of stroke and other vascular complications. These and ASED Study results show that monitoring frequency, duration, and time of day are important in ES detection. Introduction Transcranial Doppler (TCD) detected microembolism in the ipsilateral middle cerebral artery (MCA) may help stratify the risk of stroke and other arterial disease complications in persons with advanced (≥60%) asymptomatic carotid stenosis. If so, this techniqu...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Interdisciplinary NeurosurgeryAuthor(s): Ralph Rahme, Rose Fluss, John A. BoockvarAbstractCerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is an uncommon cause of hemorrhagic stroke. A 47-year old woman presented with acute-onset global aphasia and right hemiplegia. Head CT revealed a large left frontoparietal hematoma with significant mass effect. Emergency decompressive hemicraniectomy and hematoma evacuation were thus indicated. Intraoperatively, an occlusive thrombus was identified in the superior anastomotic vein of Trolard, confirming the diagnosis of CVT. While hemorrhagic CVT ...
Source: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
We present the case of a 4-year-old boy with complex congenital heart disease, admitted 30 min after sudden onset of an aphasia and right hemiplegia, scoring 14 on the Pediatric National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (PedNIHSS). Non-contrast brain computed tomography (CT) showed no evidence of acute ischemia. CT angiogram demonstrated a thrombus in the M1 segment of the left middle cerebral artery. Intravenous recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rTPA) was infused 3.5 h after onset of symptoms. An improvement was observed in the hour after rTPA, with a PedNIHSS score of 7. Digital subtraction angiography was perfo...
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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