The Psychology of Eye Contact, Digested

By Christian Jarrett Many of our relationships begin with that moment when our eyes meet and we realise the other person is looking right at us. Pause for a second and consider the intensity of the situation, the near-magical state of two brains simultaneously processing one another, each aware of being, at that very instant, the centre of the other’s mental world. Psychologists have made some surprising discoveries about the way that mutual gaze, or the lack of it, affects us mentally and physically and how we relate to each other. Here we digest the fascinating psychology of eye contact, from tiny babies’ sensitivity to gaze to the hallucination-inducing effects of prolonged eye-staring. Our sensitivity to eye contact begins incredibly early. Infants of just two days of age prefer looking at faces that gaze back at them. Similarly, recordings of the brain activity of four-month-olds show that they process gazing faces more deeply than faces that are looking away; and at 7-months, infants’ brains process eye contact differently from averted gaze even when the eyes are shown for just 50ms – far too quick for any kind of conscious awareness. Most children recognise the social significance of eye contact, but they seem to take it too far. At the age of three and four, for instance, they often believe that so long as they cover their eyes – thus preventing eye contact – that they will be completely...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Feature Source Type: blogs

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Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Computers in Human BehaviorAuthor(s): Vishav Jyoti, Uttama LahiriAbstractOne of the important facets of effective social communication is Joint Attention (JA). However, children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are often characterized by JA-related deficits, adversely affecting their social communication. In conventional interventions, therapists use different types of JA cues depending on one's capability to pick up the delivered cue. Though effective, conventional approaches suffer from restricted healthcare resources, cost, etc. With an increase in computation...
Source: Computers in Human Behavior - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
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Source: Biomed Res - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Biomed Res Source Type: research
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Source: Trends in Neuroscience and Education - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
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