Role of thoracic ultrasound in diagnosis of pulmonary and pleural diseases in critically ill patients

Conclusion The results and advantages of thoracic US make it a suitable diagnostic modality for evaluating lung and pleural pathologies in the ICU that will have the upper hand over CXR and chest CT in the following decades.
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

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Authors: Underner M, Peiffer G, Perriot J, Jaafari N Abstract Cocaine can be responsible for many psychiatric and/or somatic disorders. The aim of this systematic literature review of data was to expose relations between cocaine use and pulmonary complications. Cocaine can be responsible for acute respiratory symptoms (cough, black sputum, hemoptysis, dyspnea, wheezing, chest pain) and for various pulmonary disorders including barotrauma (pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, subcutaneous emphysema, pneumopericardium), airway damage, asthma, bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia, acute pulmonary edema, alve...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
By SAURABH JHA, MD Slumdog TB No one knows who gave Rahul Roy tuberculosis. Roy’s charmed life as a successful trader involved traveling in his Mercedes C class between his apartment on the plush Nepean Sea Road in South Mumbai and offices in Bombay Stock Exchange. He cared little for Mumbai’s weather. He seldom rolled down his car windows – his ambient atmosphere, optimized for his comfort, rarely changed. Historically TB, or “consumption” as it was known, was a Bohemian malady; the chronic suffering produced a rhapsody which produced fine art. TB was fashionable in Victorian Britain...
Source: The Health Care Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Artificial Intelligence Health Tech Saurabh Jha TB tuberculosis Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: The overall 90-day mortality after PE in TB patients was 2.4%. The postoperative TMM were connected with age, comorbid COPD, low functional level, blood flow in the removing lung.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Thoracic surgery Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with a history of lung disease including chronic bronchitis, emphysema, tuberculosis, lung cancer and pneumonia, and a history of thoracic surgery, might have an increased post-acupuncture risk of pneumothorax. This information may possibly help physicians avoid post-acupuncture pneumothorax. PMID: 31433202 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acupuncture in Medicine : journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society - Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Tags: Acupunct Med Source Type: research
​Seventy-five percent of trauma injuries involve some kind of thoracic insult, a quarter of which need a procedural intervention like a chest tube. (Surg Clin North Am 2007;87[1]:95; Long-term illness, lung disease, and post-operative complications may cause pleural effusions or a pneumothorax, so treating these conditions quickly can significantly decrease patient morbidity and mortality. Other indications for chest tube placement include:Trauma: Pneumothorax, hemopneumothorax, or tension pneumothoraxLong-term illness: Pleural effusion (cancer, pneumonia)Infection: Empyema, purulent pleuriti...
Source: The Procedural Pause - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: blogs
We report a 2-year-old, previously healthy boy, who presented with chronic pneumonia. He was diagnosed with culture-confirmed pulmonary tuberculosis. Complications included spontaneous pneumothorax presumed to be secondary to cavity formation and complete subsegmental airway obstruction that did not resolve with prolonged oral corticosteroid treatment.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
Authors: Carlucci P, Trigiani M, Mori PA, Mondoni M, Pinelli V, Casalini AG, Conte EG, Buggio G, Villari L, Marchetti G Abstract Diseases of the pleura and pleural space are common and present a significant contribution to the workload of respiratory physicians, accounting for an annual incidence of more than 1.5 million cases in the US with the majority of cases resulting from congestive heart failure, pneumonia, and cancer 1. Although the radiographic and ultrasonographic detection of pleural abnormalities may be obvious, the determination of a specific diagnosis can often represent a challenge. Since pleural eff...
Source: Panminerva Medica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Panminerva Med Source Type: research
Conclusions: Very few studies with important methodological limitations analyze the role of chest ultrasound in the diagnosis of TB. The scarce available data suggests potential targets of future diagnostic or feasibility trials, such as the detection of tuberculosis–related pleural effusion, residual pleural thickening, lymphadenopathy, TB parenchymal patterns, or the use of CUS in biopsy guidance.
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Background: High morbidity and mortality due to community acquired pneumonia (CAP) is seen in children under 5-years of age in India. Besides identified risk factors for CAP there may be phenotype–genotype association with cytokines, resulting in enhanced inflammatory response resulting in adverse outcome (AO) i.e. complications or death.Aim: To assess the association of IL-1RA gene polymorphism on serum levels of IL-1RA and with AO in children aged hospitalized for severe CAP.Method: Prospective study conducted in a tertiary care teaching hospital after obtaining ethical approval. Included were children between 2 to...
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Paediatric Respiratory Infection and Immunology Source Type: research
We present a retrospective study of 25 patients with spontaneous pneumothorax (three recurrent), comprising 16 Saudis (nine males and seven females) and nine non-Saudis (eight males and one female), seen at the Asir Central Hospital, Abha, over a period of 45 months. Almost one-third of the patients (9/25) had no underlying cause discernible by our investigational facilities (chest x-ray, ultrasonography, computed tomographic scan, and flexible bronchofiberscopy). Underlying pneumonia (three patients), pulmonary tuberculosis (two patients), lung abscess (one patient), and congenital bullae (one patient) constituted the eti...
Source: Annals of Saudi Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: ISSUE 3 Source Type: research
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