Why do we enjoy reality TV? Researchers say it ’s more about empathy than humiliation

By guest blogger Tomasz Witkowski Television programs portraying ordinary people in unexpected situations are almost as old as the medium of television itself. First aired in 1984, Candid Camera is often seen as a prototype of the reality show. Its premise was simple – unsuspecting people were confronted with unusual, funny situations and filmed with hidden cameras. However, the genre exploded as a phenomenon in the late 1990s and 2000s with the global success of such series as Survivor, Idol, and Big Brother, and to this day many people continue to abandon their own activities for the voyeuristic other. Reality shows have not only amassed incredible popularity but have also become an object of severe, wide-ranging criticism. Among the most serious complaints is the allegation that the shows rely on viewers’ enjoyment of the humiliation and degradation of participants. It is quite difficult to find an individual who is indifferent to such programmes. We either hate reality shows or we watch them, quite often without considering why. Up until now, scholarly opinion on the subject has been divided. Some maintain that the shows’ appeal constitutes an extension of fictional drama, and is thus driven by positive feelings like empathy and compassion. Others claim that reality TV viewers are driven by a voyeuristic desire to intrude on others and to see them in their most private and embarrassing moments. Michal Hershman Shitrit and Jonathan Cohen fr...
Source: BPS RESEARCH DIGEST - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Emotion guest blogger Morality Social Source Type: blogs

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This study is a randomized controlled trial. This study was performed at a university in South Korea. Fifty-five smokers were randomly assigned to 3 groups: group 1 (auricular acupressure + counseling), group 2 (placebo acupressure + counseling), and the control group (self-help smoking cessation). Group counseling and auricular acupressure were undertaken once a week for 6 weeks. The smoking cessation rate in group 1 for 1 year was significantly higher than that in group 2 and the control group (22.2%, 5.3%, and 5.6%, respectively). Tobacco withdrawal symptom scores were significantly decreased in group 1 compared with th...
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Are Drugs Always the Proper Solution to Therapeutic Dilemmas? Non-drug Approaches to the Post-traumatic Stress "Waking Corpse" Syndrome. Curr Pharm Des. 2019;25(1):1-4 Authors: Laios K, Tsoucalas G, Vrachatis DA, Charalampakis A, Androutsos G, Karamanou M Abstract Jules Cotard (1840-1889), a Parisian neurologist, described a syndrome of delirium negations which was later named after him. Some physicians in antiquity and medieval times, especially in Asia, have noticed this syndrome and categorized it as a symptom of melancholy. They have presented it as a "walking corpse syndrome",...
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 June 2019Source: The Arts in PsychotherapyAuthor(s): Jane Edwards
Source: Arts in Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Addiction is a chronic condition that leads to overdose and death. Addiction ruins lives, families and devastates communities. If you are suffering from addiction, it can be normal to ask yourself hard questions such as, “will I suffer from addiction forever? Is there a cure for addiction?” While there is no magic wand that can cure addiction, it is a treatable condition. When addiction is treated, people can go on to live normal, happy, healthy lives. While addiction may cause a lot of destruction and fractured relationships in its path, people can repair and move on from them as well. The Cure for Addiction:...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Complementary Therapies Comprehensive behavioral treatment Healthy Eating and Recovery Mental Health Sober Living and Aftercare Substance Abuse addicted to alcohol addiction help addiction recovery programs Source Type: blogs
 While searching for a way past her own childhood sexual abuse, Rachel Grant learned that many people don’t understand what, exactly, sexual abuse is and how to recover. Using her counseling background, Rachel was able to research and learn valuable coping skills to improve her own life. Join us as Gabe and Rachel discuss the many factors involved in recovering from sexual trauma, steps society could take to reduce sexual abuse, and what the first step could be for others trying to get beyond surviving. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW   Guest information for ‘Sexual Abuse Recovery’ Podcast Episode Rachel...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Podcast Recovery The Psych Central Show Trauma Source Type: blogs
Professor Sarah Niblock, of the UK Council for Psychotherapy, told the Commons women and equalities committee of the 'stigma' and 'shame' many men feel about admitting they need help.
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The aim of this review is to evaluate the placebo effect in the treatment of anxiety and depression. Antidepressants are supposed to work by fixing a chemical imbalance, specifically, a lack of serotonin or norepinephrine in the brain. However, analyses of the published and the unpublished clinical trial data are consistent in showing that most (if not all) of the benefits of antidepressants in the treatment of depression and anxiety are due to the placebo response, and the difference in improvement between drug and placebo is not clinically meaningful and may be due to breaking blind by both patients and clinicians. Altho...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This network meta-analysis compared 12 randomized clinical trials comprising 992 patients to assess the short- and long-term outcomes of psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and combination therapies for adults with posttraumatic stress disorder.
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This article provides for a brief excursion into the historical roots of PST and why it has evolved into EC‐PST, as well as providing support for its characterisation as a transdiagnostic approach. In addition, several meta‐analyses that underscore its efficacy are described, as well as the most recent clinical guidelines that comprise EC‐PST.
Source: Australian Psychologist - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: INVITED CONTRIBUTION Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
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