Unusual cause of hypercalcaemia in end stage renal failure patients

We present two cases of our dialysis patients, who were clinically unwell from hypercalcemia. We were initially uncertain of the cause of hypercalcemia as despite our attempts to adjust treatment based on their biochemical findings, we were unable to correct the hypercalcemia. We did not have appropriate bone turnover markers to guide us and out of desperation, anti‐resorptives—calcitonin and bisphosphonate were given with good clinical response. We concluded that the hypercalcemia was related to immobility‐induced hypercalcemia and the inappropriately low iPTH was a red herring. Immobility‐induced hypercalcaemia should be considered in patients with end stage renal failure on renal replacement therapy, especially in those with recent and significant immobility. In these patients, pamidronate can be considered should the hypercalcaemia persist.
Source: Hemodialysis International - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 30 September 2020Source: Journal of Hazardous MaterialsAuthor(s): Anthony Beauvois, Delphine Vantelon, Jacques Jestin, Martine Bouhnik-Le Coz, Charlotte Catrouillet, Valérie Briois, Thomas Bizien, Mélanie Davranche
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: American Journal of Kidney DiseasesAuthor(s): Ibironke W. Apata, Sarah Kabbani, Alicia M. Neu, Tamara M. Kear, Erika M.C. D’Agata, David J. Levenson, Alan S. Kliger, Lauri A. Hicks, Priti R. Patel, authors constitute the ASN and CDC Antibiotic Stewardship White Paper Writing Group
Source: American Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
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Source: Archivos de la Sociedad Espanola de Oftalmologia - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol Source Type: research
Plasma cell disorders result from a clonal proliferation of bone marrow plasma cells and range from relatively benign monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) to malignant myeloma. Serum or urine monoclonal protein is usually detectable. MGUS is asymptomatic but can progress to myeloma or lymphoma. Myeloma is generally a disease of elderly individuals and presents with variable problems including anaemia, bone pain, fractures, spinal cord compression, renal failure, hypercalcaemia, recurrent infections and hyperviscosity.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Lymphoproliferative disorders Source Type: research
es JC Abstract Multiple myeloma (MM) is a haematologic malignancy characterized by the expansion of monoclonal plasma cells in the bone marrow. It is associated with serum or urine monoclonal protein and organ damage including renal failure, anaemia, hypercalcaemia and bone lesions. Despite recent improvements MM still remains an incurable disease. Previous studies have shown that the adoptive transfer of autologous T-cells modified to express chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) is effective in cases of acute and chronic lymphoid leukaemia. However, the adjustment of CAR-T-cell therapy to MM is hindered by the scarci...
Source: Biochemical Society Transactions - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Biochem Soc Trans Source Type: research
Abstract Primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT) is a common endocrine disease characterized by excessive secretion of parathyroid hormone and an increased level of serum calcium. Overall, 80–85% of pHPT cases are due to a benign, single parathyroid adenoma (PA), and 15% to multiglandular disease (multiple adenomas/hyperplasia). Parathyroid carcinoma (PC) is rare, accounting for
Source: Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Cinacalcet at low doses is effective in the management of SHPT in CKD patients who are not on dialysis. Its use reduces iPTH and calcaemia, without causing serious side effects or significant changes in renal function. PMID: 26906451 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nefrologia : publicacion oficial de la Sociedad Espanola Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Nefrologia Source Type: research
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Source: Electrolyte and Blood Pressure - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Electrolyte Blood Press Source Type: research
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable haematological malignancy in which clonal plasma cells proliferate and expand within the bone marrow, leading to osteolytic bone destruction, hypercalcaemia, renal failure, and anaemia. In the past decade, survival has improved due to the introduction of novel therapeutic agents, particularly proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulatory drugs (IMIDs) [1].
Source: Leukemia Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
We report a 57‐year‐old male, who presented with anaemia, hypercalcaemia, acute renal failure and several vertebral fractures that clinically suggested a multiple myeloma. Further investigations revealed a serum monoclonal component of IgM lambda type and a bone marrow infiltrated by small, lymphoplasmocytic cells. IgM MM was finally diagnosed by means of both inmunophenotypic and immunohistochemistry techniques, stressing the importance of inmunophenotypic evaluation when clinical and morphological features are discordant. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) studies disclosed a particular combination of del...
Source: Clinical and Laboratory Haematology - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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