Bone Grafts, Bone Graft Substitutes, and Biologics in Foot and Ankle Surgery

FOOT AND ANKLE CLINICS
Source: Foot and Ankle Clinics - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Source Type: research

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Authors: Sun YQ, Li SQ, Zhao XS, Chang YJ Abstract INTRODUCTION: Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) remains a curable strategy for acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), especially for adult cases. However, leukemia relapse after allograft restricts the improvement of transplant outcomes. Measurable residual disease (MRD) has been the strongest predictor for relapse after allo-HSCT, allowing MRD-directed preemptive therapy. AREAS COVERED: This manuscript summarizes the detection of MRD in patients with ALL who undergo allo-HSCT, focusing the effects of positive pre-HSCT MRD and post-HSC...
Source: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Expert Rev Anticancer Ther Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 May 2020Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and TraumaAuthor(s): Dr Dhanasekara Raja Palanisami, Dr Raja Bhaskara Rajasekaranorci, Dr Shanmuganathan Rajasekaran
Source: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: the increase of RI during the first weeks of the postoperative period seems to be associated with DGF and with tubular necrosis / tubular vacuolization in peri-implantation biopsies, likely related to ischemia reperfusion injury. PMID: 32459281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: J Bras Nefrol Source Type: research
AbstractThe idea of establishing a human tissue bank in Bangladesh was started in 1985. However, in 2003, with the active cooperation of international atomic energy agency (IAEA) and Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission, a tissue bank laboratory was upgraded as a unit for tissue banking and research. Due to increasing demand of allograft, this unit was transformed as an independent institute “Institute of Tissue Banking and Biomaterial Research (ITBBR)” in 2016. This is the only human tissue bank in Bangladesh, which processes human bone and amniotic membrane to provide safe and cost-effective allografts for tra...
Source: Cell and Tissue Banking - Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research
Summary: A crooked nose is challenging for a surgeon and needs to be treated using a systematic approach. Correction of nasal deformities such as a retracted columella in a revision rhinoplasty may need additional cartilage to correct the framework. Fresh frozen cartilage graft has been used as an extended spreader graft and a columellar strut graft to correct this problem. This option prevents donor-site morbidity associated with harvesting autologous cartilage.
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Cosmetic: Video Source Type: research
This study evaluated motor recovery after reconstruction of a long nerve gap using a processed nerve allograft and the influence of storage techniques. Methods: Nerve allografts were decellularized using elastase and detergents and stored at either 4° or −80°C. In 36 New Zealand White rabbits, a 3-cm peroneal nerve gap was repaired with either an autograft (group 1, control) or a cold-stored (group 2) or frozen-stored (group 3) processed nerve allograft. Nerve recovery was evaluated using longitudinal ultrasound measurements, electrophysiology (compound muscle action potentials), isometric tetanic force, w...
Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
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Source: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Experimental Source Type: research
Abstract In addition to the roles of endothelial cells (ECs) in physiological processes, ECs actively participate in both innate and adaptive immune responses. We previously reported that, in comparison to macrophages, a prototypic innate immune cell type, ECs have many innate immune functions that macrophages carry out, including cytokine secretion, phagocytic function, antigen presentation, pathogen-associated molecular patterns-, and danger-associated molecular patterns-sensing, proinflammatory, immune-enhancing, anti-inflammatory, immunosuppression, migration, heterogeneity, and plasticity. In this highlight, ...
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Han S, Park B, Lim JW, Youm JY, Choi SW, Kim DH, Ahn DK Abstract The demineralized bone matrix (DBM) as the bone graft material to increase the fusion rate was widely used in spinal fusion. The current study aimed to compare the fusion rate of DBM to the fusion rate of autograft in lumbar spine fusion via meta-analysis of published literature. After systematic search, comparative studies were selected according to eligibility criteria. Checklist (risk of bias assessment tool for non-randomized study) was used to evaluate the risk of bias of the included nonrandomized controlled studies. The corresponding 9...
Source: Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society - Category: Neurosurgery Tags: J Korean Neurosurg Soc Source Type: research
Allografts and polyetheretherketone (PEEK) cages are the two most commonly used materials in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). However, their effectiveness in two-level ACDF remains controversial...
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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