Prevalence of transfusion transmissible infections in blood donors of Pakistan
ConclusionA substantial percentage of the blood donor ’s harbored transfusion-transmitted infections. Prevention of TTIs should be the main goal right now. There is a need for stringent selection of blood donors with the emphasis on getting voluntary donations and comprehensive screening of donor’s blood for TTIs using standard methods to ensure th e safety of blood recipient.
ConclusionIn this analysis, we observed that 14% of SIV adults had LTBI, 27% of SIVH had at least one intestinal parasite, and about half of SIV children had EBLL. Most adults were susceptible to HBV. In general, prevalence of infection was higher for most conditions among Afghan SIVH compared to Iraqi SIVH. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Guidelines for the US Domestic Medical Examination for Newly Arriving Refugees can assist state public health departments and clinicians in the care of SIVH during the domestic medical examination. Future analyses can explore other aspects of health among resettled SI...
Few studies discussed the prevalence of TTIs in Saudi donor blood samples. Thus, this study investigated the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus (HTLV), syphilis and malaria in such samples to determine the efficacy of conducting serological and NATs on blood donors at King Khalid General Hospital in Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.
Seroprevalence &changing trends of transfusion-transmitted infections amongst blood donors in a Regional Blood Transfusion Centre in north India. Indian J Med Res. 2017 Nov;146(5):642-645 Authors: Rawat A, Diwaker P, Gogoi P, Singh B Abstract Background &objectives: Transfusion-transmitted infections (TTIs) are the major problem associated with blood transfusion. Accurate estimates of risk of TTIs are essential for monitoring the safety of blood supply. The present study was undertaken to determine the percentage of voluntary donors (VDs) and replacement donors (RDs) and also, to estimate and ...
AbstractObjectivesOur study aimed at determining the prevalence of selected infectious diseases among recently arrived Eritrean refugees in Switzerland.MethodsIn this cross-sectional study, asymptomatic Eritrean migrants aged ≥16 years who arrived
CONCLUSION: NAT has improved the safety attributes in blood products. Although the positivity rate for NAT testing is low but in view of the high prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections in our country, we recommend the parallel use of both serology and NAT screening of all donated blood. PMID: 28866696 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionBlood donors in our region have a 0·024% prevalence of malaria. With proper donor testing, notification and post‐test counselling the rate of TTM can be further minimized.
Abstract Over 110 million units of blood are collected yearly. The need for blood products is greater in developing countries, but so is the risk of contracting a transfusion-transmitted infection. Without efficient donor screening/viral testing and validated pathogen inactivation technology, the risk of transfusion-transmitted infections correlates with the infection rate of the donor population. The World Health Organization has published guidelines on good manufacturing practices in an effort to ensure a strong global standard of transfusion and blood product safety. Sub-Saharan Africa is a high-risk region for...
Conclusions. Hepatitis B, HIV, and syphilis infections are common among pregnant women and blood donors in Cameroon with higher rates in urban areas. Future interventions to reduce vertical transmission should include universal screening for these infections early in pregnancy and provision of effective prevention tools including the birth dose of univalent hepatitis B vaccine. PMID: 27578957 [PubMed - in process]
Blood transfusion is common practice in tropical countries to treat endemic diseases such as malaria or chronic anemia from multiple causes. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and syphilis represent major public health problems throughout the world. Ethiopia is among the countries where HIV and HBV infections are particularly prevalent. Screening of these blood-borne infections is crucial to prevent their transmission, and to diagnose and treat infected individuals .
CONCLUSIONS Further research is required to clarify whether certain infections do increase miscarriage risk and whether screening of newly pregnant women for treatable infections would improve reproductive outcomes.