How to Quit Smoking

By Stacy Simon Tobacco use remains the single largest preventable cause of disease and premature death in the United States. Since the release of the Surgeon General’s Report on Smoking and Health 50 years ago, there have been 20 million deaths due to tobacco. Almost half the deaths from 12 different types of cancer combined – including lung, voice box, throat, esophagus, and bladder cancers – are attributable to cigarette smoking alone. In addition to cancer, smoking greatly increases the risk of debilitating long-term lung diseases like emphysema and chronic bronchitis. It also raises the risk for heart attack, stroke, blood vessel diseases, and eye diseases. Half of all smokers who keep smoking will eventually die from a smoking-related illness. That’s why it’s so important to quit. And no matter how old you are or how long you’ve smoked, quitting can help you live longer and be healthier. But quitting is hard, mostly because nicotine, a drug found naturally in tobacco, is so addictive. It’s as addictive as heroin or cocaine. Even so, millions of Americans have quit, and you can too. People have used many different methods to quit. Here is what the research tells us about how well they work: RESOURCES: Great American SmokeoutGuide to Quitting SmokingHelping a Smoker Quit: Do's and Don'tsStories of Hope Medications Research shows that using a medication to help you quit smoking can double your chances of being successful. The US F...
Source: American Cancer Society :: News and Features - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Smoking/Tobacco Source Type: news

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ConclusionThere is a paucity of treatment guidelines for acute lung injury secondary to marijuana inhalation. We advocate early use of short-term steroids and also more awareness on quitting marijuana smoking to prevent life-threatening complications like myocardial infarction, diffuse alveolar hemorrhage and acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: MPE is common at presentation (11%) in patients with SCLC and may be associated with decreased survival. Additional studies are required to assess the treatment-adjusted survival rate in the setting of MPE.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Yuan Tao, Brenda RappAbstractA better understanding of the neural network properties that support cognitive recovery after a brain lesion is important for our understanding of human neuroplasticity and may have valuable clinical implications. In fifteen individuals with chronic, acquired written language deficits subsequent to left-hemisphere stroke, we used task-based functional connectivity to evaluate the relationship between the graph-theoretic measures (modularity, participation coefficient and within-module degree z-score) and writte...
Source: NeuroImage: Clinical - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsAsymptomatic systemic air embolism can be depicted in almost 5 % of post biopsy CT examinations, when they are not limited to the targeted nodule area but include the entire thorax.
Source: European Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: pGTV, as a measure of tumor size, is not only an important prognostic indicator but also an independent predictive factor of tumor response, even pCR. PMID: 31116055 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Investigative Surgery - Category: Surgery Tags: J Invest Surg Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our results at the very least can support that laparoscopic surgery for rectal cancer is a safe and feasible option for patients taking long-term AT discontinued perioperatively. PMID: 31116623 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minimally Invasive Therapy and Allied Technologies - Category: Surgery Tags: Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol Source Type: research
In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression signatures of exosomal miRNAs and develop a serum exosome-derived miRNA panel for diagnosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The miR-17-92 cluster including 6 miRNAs (miR-17-5p, miR-18a-5p, miR-19a-3p, miR-19b-1-5p, miR-20a-5p and miR-92a-1-5p) was selected as potential diagnostic candidate molecule. Then, expression profiles of the candidate miRNAs were firstly analyzed in 43 pairs of serum samples from the training set by quantitative real-time PCR, and the dysregulated miRNA along with three tumor markers (carcinoembryonic antigen, CEA; cytokeratin 19 fragment,...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Pathology - Research and PracticeAuthor(s): Song Wan, Ming Xi, Hai-Bo Zhao, Wei Hua, Yuan-Ling Liu, Yu-Lin Zhou, Yang-Jia Zhuo, Ze-Zhen Liu, Zhi-Duan Cai, Yue-Ping Wan, Wei-De ZhongAbstractBackgroundAccumulating studies reported that 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA synthase 2 (HMGCS2) may function as either an oncogene or a tumor suppressor in various human cancers. However, its involvement in prostate cancer (PCa) remains unknown. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of HMGCS2 expression and its functions in PCa.MethodsExpression...
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions: miR-147b not only plays important roles in the regulation of cell proliferation and tumor growth in CRC, which might be a potential prognostic marker or therapeutic target for CRC.Pathobiology
Source: Pathobiology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
BACKGROUND There are limited data examining the impact of screening for blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI) in the geriatric population sustaining falls. We hypothesize that BCVI screening in this cohort would rarely identify injuries that would change management. METHODS A retrospective study (2012–2016) identified patients 65 years or older with Abbreviated Injury Scores for the head and neck region or face region of 1 or greater after falls of 5 ft or less. Patients who met the expanded Denver criteria for BCVI screening were included for analysis. Outcomes were change in management (defined as the initiation...
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research
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