Noninvasive imaging technique protects healthy tissues during freezing of cancer lesions

(SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics) A new article in the Journal of Biomedical Optics reports on an imaging technique for real-time optoacoustic temperature monitoring during cryotherapy which helps protect healthy adjacent tissues while treating cancerous lesions. The journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
Source: EurekAlert! - Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

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Background: In oncology, oral mucositis (OM) is a common adverse event caused by chemotherapy as well as targeted agents. The overall incidence of OM in patients receiving chemotherapy is approximately 40%. Cryotherapy is used occasionally to prevent OM during treatment with melphalan and 5-fluorouracil. Oral cryotherapy might also limit OM in patients receiving doxorubicin, but evidence to support this is currently lacking. Therefore, the objective of the current study is to investigate if oral cryotherapy is effective for reducing the incidence of OM in patients treated with doxorubicin chemotherapy.
Source: European Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: POSTERS A: Nursing Source Type: research
Abstract INTRODUCTION: Some men who experience prostate cancer recurrence post-radiotherapy may be candidates for local salvage therapy, avoiding and delaying systemic treatments. Our aim was to assess the impact of clinical outcomes of adding salvage local treatment in prostate cancer patients who have failed radiation therapy. METHODS: Following radiation biochemical failure, salvage transperineal cryotherapy (sCT, n=186), transrectal high intensity focused ultrasound ablation (sHIFU, n=113) or no salvage treatment (NST, identified from the pan-Canadian Prostate Cancer Risk Stratification [ProCaRS] database...
Source: Canadian Urological Association Journal - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Can Urol Assoc J Source Type: research
A public health approach to cervical cancer screening was feasible, effectively penetrated the communities, and was readily accepted by community women. The findings support further optimization and evaluation of this approach as a means of scaling up cervical cancer control in low ‐resource settings. AbstractThe World Health Organization (WHO) refers to cervical cancer as a public health problem, and sub ‐Saharan Africa bears the world's highest incidence. In the realm of screening, simplified WHO recommendations for low‐resource countries now present an opportunity for a public health approach to this public health...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Conditions:   Cryotherapy Effect;   Peripheral Neuropathy;   Nail Toxicity Intervention:   Other: cryotherapy Sponsor:   Parkview Health Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Abstract Keratinocyte carcinoma, traditionally referred to as nonmelanoma skin cancer, includes basal cell and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and is the most common skin cancer malignancy found in humans. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends counseling about minimizing exposure to ultraviolet radiation for people aged six months to 24 years with fair skin types to decrease their risk of skin cancer. Routine screening for skin cancer is controversial. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of a routine whol...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
AbstractVarious treatments of keratotic skin lesions and early skin cancers are performed in organ transplant recipients (OTRs) at high risk of skin malignancies but the frequency of their use is unknown. We prospectively assessed the frequency of use of cryotherapy, diathermy, and topical therapies and also investigated their associations with background incidence of histologically-confirmed squamous-cell carcinoma (SCC) and basal cell carcinoma (BCC) in a cohort of OTRs in Queensland, Australia. Median follow-up ranged from 1.7 to 3.2  years across organ transplant groups. Among 285 kidney, 125 lung and 203 liver tr...
Source: Archives of Dermatological Research - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This multicentre international study showed that eighth edition of AJCC tumour staging was related to the risk of local recurrence of conjunctival melanoma after treatment. The 10-year cumulative local recurrence remains high despite current management. PMID: 32892167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Br J Ophthalmol Source Type: research
Condition:   Cancer Intervention:   Other: Cryotherapy (apparatus) Sponsor:   South Valley University Active, not recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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