The Strange Reason Women Get Chikungunya More Than Men

LONDON (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - “Lazy mosquitoes” are the reason why women, who tend to spend more time at home than men, are more likely to be infected by chikungunya, a painful mosquito-borne viral disease which spreads the same way as Zika, researchers said on Monday. Chikungunya, which is commonly transmitted by the daytime-biting aedes aegypti mosquito, can cause debilitating symptoms including fever, headache and severe joint pain lasting months. A new study, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, analyzed a 2012 outbreak of chikungunya in the Bangladeshi village of Palpara, around 100 km (60 miles) from the capital Dhaka. The study said more than a quarter of cases were spread within the same household, while half of infections occurred in households less than 200 meters away, creating small clusters of the disease. Because infected mosquitoes did not like to travel far, Bangladeshi women, who spend two thirds of the day at home, were 1.5 times more likely to develop chikungunya than men who spend less than half their time at home during the day. “It appears that mosquitoes are very lazy,” Henrik Salje, the research leader from Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, said in a statement. “They bite someone in a household and get infected with a virus and then hang around to bite someone else in the same home or very nearby. The extra time women spend in and around their home means they a...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - Category: Science Source Type: news

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This study used Oswestry Disability Index (ODI)-self-comparison and showed that acupuncture treatments for lumber disc herniation and sciatica demonstrated significant improvement in long term clinical outcomes. A total of 112 lumbar disc herniation and sciatica cases were treated with electric acupuncture for pain relief and function improvement from July 1998 to December 2006.ResultsAll the 112 cases filled out the ODI forms prior to receiving treatment. Among the 112 patients, 23 of them did not finish the 6-week treatments. 89 cases were evaluated with ODI after 6-week acupuncture treatments. Of those 89 cases, 67 case...
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 July 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical AnaesthesiologyAuthor(s): Alan David Kaye, Mark W. Motejunas, Lauren A. Bonneval, Ken P. Ehrhardt, Dustin R. Latimer, Andrea Trescot, Kyle E. Wilson, Ibraham N. Ibrahim, Elyse M. Cornett, Richard D. Urman, Kenneth D. CandidoAbstractChronic pain management techniques have evolved in recent years. In this regard, ultrasound technology has become a standard for most acute pain procedures and essential for postsurgical pain relief and enhanced recovery after surgery protocols. This manuscript summarizes clinical studies evaluating ultra...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 July 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical AnaesthesiologyAuthor(s): Henry Liu, Patrick I. Emelife, Amit Prabhakar, Vanessa Moll, Julia B. Kendrick, Allan T. Parr, Farees Hyatali, Thakur Pankaj, Jinlei Li, Elyse M. Cornett, Richard D. Urman, Charles J. Fox, Alan D. KayeAbstractPain is a significant consequence of cardiac surgery and newer techniques in cardiac anesthesia have provided an impetus for the development of multimodal techniques to manage acute pain in this setting. In this regard, regional anesthesia techniques have been increasingly used in many cardiac surgical...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Adriano Queiroz1, Isabella Fernanda Dantas Pinto2, Maricélia Lima3, Marta Giovanetti1,4, Jaqueline Goes de Jesus1, Joilson Xavier1, Fernanda Khouri Barreto5, Gisele André Baptista Canuto6, Helineide Ramos do Amaral7, Ana Maria Bispo de Filippis4, Denise Lima Mascarenhas8, Melissa Barreto Falcão8, Normeide Pedreira Santos8, Vasco Ariston de Carvalho Azevedo9, Marcos Yukio Yoshinaga2*, Sayuri Miyamoto2 and Luiz Carlos Junior Alcantara1,4,10* 1Laboratório de Patologia Experimental, Instituto Gonçalo Moniz, Salvador, Brazil 2Departamento de Bioquímica, Instituto de Quími...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Conclusion and Perspectives Arbovirus infections, such as CHIKV, have been growing worldwide and are becoming a major public health problem, especially in immuno-compromised classes such as children and the elderly. CHIKV is dangerous since it can cause arthritis, fever and other impairments, making it necessary to seek new ways to counter the proliferation of this virus. Knowing the vector’s competence is fundamentally important, including an understanding of the vector virus interaction and the modulation of this interaction. Despite advances in the knowledge of mosquito competence in the transmission of CHIKV, li...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Public health officials in Brazil suspect that a small yellow fever outbreak in Minas Gerais, a populous landlocked state adjacent to São Paulo state, has infected 110 people and killed 30, according to a Friday report. There is a vaccine for yellow fever, but because the outbreak is taking hold in areas with low vaccination rates, officials are concerned that the disease could continue to spread beyond the state’s borders and cause a larger epidemic, according to the World Health Organization. Yellow fever is spread by the same mosquito that spreads Zika virus, dengue fever and chikungunya.&nbs...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
"An MSF assisted cholera treatment center in Mandera, Kenya". June 03, 2016 - Photo credit : @unfpakenBy Siddharth ChatterjeeMandera County, Kenya, Jun 5 2016 (IPS)Mandera’s double whammy, the concurrent outbreaks of cholera and chikungunya, is bringing to the fore the need for accelerated epidemic preparedness and prevention systems. Cholera is an acute diarrhoeal disease that can kill within hours if left untreated.Chikungunya virus is most often spread to people by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These are the same mosquitoes that transmit dengue, yellow fever and zika virus. Its symptoms ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: Global & Universal Authors: Tags: Africa Development & Aid Education Featured Headlines Health Inequity Population Poverty & SDGs Source Type: news
CONCLUSIONS ZIKV epidemic poses new challenges to public health, our knowledge about this virus is incipient. In Brazil, a relationship between ZIKV and microcephaly has been mentioned since November 20157 which has not been reported in ZIKV outbreaks in other areas of the world. Several research groups are working on this topic. Guillain Barré Syndrome also has been reported as a complication of ZIKV; however, there are still many questions unanswered regarding the complications caused by this virus. Provide information to the population, following recommendations and preventive measures, taking actions to reduce...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.
Source: The A and P Professor - Category: Physiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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