Particulate Matter and Hospital Admissions for Stroke in Beijing, China: Modification Effects by Ambient Temperature Stroke
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the associations of PM2.5, PM2.5–10, and PM10 with stroke admissions differed across levels of temperature. Short‐term exposure to PM2.5, PM2.5–10, and PM10 was positively associated with hospital admissions for ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke on warm days (>13.5°C).
ConclusionsWe established a novel formula to mathematically calculate actual 3D angles between inflow cannula and device body of HeartMate II. The formula would help investigators to validate their findings of the relationship between 2D projected angle (from CXR) and device thrombosis.
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2019Source: Anaesthesia &Intensive Care MedicineAuthor(s): Christopher J. TaylorAbstractIntracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) accounts for around 10–20% of all strokes and results from a variety of disorders. ICH is more likely to result in death or major disability than ischaemic stroke or subarachnoid haemorrhage. Rapid imaging allows early diagnosis and characterization of the localization and severity of the haemorrhage. Patients with significant acute ICH should be managed in a critical care unit. Treatment entails general supportive care, control of blood pressure an...
Background and Aim: Performance measures have been extensively studied for acute ischemic stroke, leading to guideline-established benchmarks. Factors influencing care efficiency for intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are not well delineated. We sought to identify factors associated with early recognition of ICH and to assess the association between early recognition and completion of emergency care tasks. Methods: Consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH were enrolled in an observational cohort study conducted from 2009 to 2017 at an urban comprehensive stroke center, excluding patient transferred from other hospitals.
Publication date: Available online 9 December 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Yunzhe Xue, Fadi G. Farhat, Olga Boukrina, A.M. Barrett, Jeffrey R. Binder, Usman W. Roshan, William W. GravesAbstractAutomatic identification of brain lesions from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of stroke survivors would be a useful aid in patient diagnosis and treatment planning. It would also greatly facilitate the study of brain-behavior relationships by eliminating the laborious step of having a human expert manually segment the lesion on each brain scan. We propose a multi-modal multi-path convolutional neural network sys...
ConclusionsElevated admission bilirubin is an independent predictor of HT and sICH in AIS patients treated with MT.
Conclusions: High NPR was associated with the increased risk of HT especially PH in patients with acute ischemic stroke.
ConclusionsThe CASPER stent system showed a high technical success rate in patients with acute stroke. The number of patients with sICH was not higher than the numbers reported in the published literature despite the early use of Gp IIb/IIIA inhibitors, whereas the number of thrombotic complications was smaller than that reported in recent studies. The majority of sICH occurred in patients treated because of tandem lesions in an unknown or prolonged time window.
ConclusionsNew onset of neurologic deterioration is rare 12 –24 h after treatment of acute stroke. Stable patients with low NIHSS scores and no ICU needs may not require intensive monitoring greater than 12 h post-treatment.
AbstractSpreading depolarization is observed as a large negative shift of the direct current potential, swelling of neuronal somas, and dendritic beading in the brain ’s gray matter and represents a state of a potentially reversible mass injury. Its hallmark is the abrupt, massive ion translocation between intraneuronal and extracellular compartment that causes water uptake (= cytotoxic edema) and massive glutamate release. Dependent on the tissue’s energy st atus, spreading depolarization can co-occur with different depression or silencing patterns of spontaneous activity. In adequately supplied tissue, spread...
Conclusions: Stroke is uncommon in cirrhotic patients. However, considering a positive relationship of liver cirrhosis with subarachnoid and intracranial hemorrhage, the prophylactic strategy may be selectively adopted in cirrhotic patients.