Traveling To Southeast Asia? Here's What You Need To Know About Zika Virus
The Zika virus epidemic in Latin America and the Caribbean has infected potentially millions of people and is pegged as the cause of congenital Zika syndrome, a birth defect affecting thousands of children in the region. It can cause brain damage, seizures, deafness, blindness and other neurological and physiological problems. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued travel advisories for 59 countries and territories throughout the world, including neighborhoods in Miami where the Zika virus continues to spread locally. Most of these areas are in Latin America and the Caribbean, while eight are in the Pacific Islands and there’s one each in Africa and Asia. But travelers also have to be aware about the risks in a completely different region: Southeast Asia. People flying to certain Southeast Asian countries should know that Zika virus is also present there in low numbers, and that some travelers have returned from these countries with an infection. These countries ― Brunei, Burma (Myanmar), Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Maldives, Philippines, Thailand, Timor-Leste (East Timor) and Vietnam ― have what is called an endemic level of Zika virus, the term for when a disease has been present in a region for so many years that a large number of the population is suspected to be immune to it. Visitors, on the other hand, may still be vulnerable because they have no prior exposure to the disease and have no immunity to it. ...
This report describes a new lethal case of Rickettsia rickettsii infection in a child from Northwestern Colombia, after ten years of the last outbreaks in the same region. Colombian public-health authorities should consider to include this severe rickettsiosis in the compulsory-reporting diseases, with the aim of knowing its burden in the country.
Conclusion: CoBaT-Y017 presented a significant safety and tolerability in healthy volunteers to allow its further development by starting a phase II clinical study. PMID: 31118966 [PubMed]
[Nation] Mombasa County government has shut down four health facilities to prevent a possible cholera outbreak.
ConclusionOur results suggested HBV infection did not appear to be detrimental to the outcome of IVF/ICSI treatment.
In conclusion, our research provides a candidate vaccine for the prevention of Aeromonas salmonicida A450 infection in rainbow trout and lays the foundation for future research on adaptive immune mechanisms associated with rainbow trout antibodies.
We describe the investigation and management of an MRSA outbreak on a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) and the lessons learnt.Study designOutbreak report and case-control study.Study setting and participants: The study was conducted in a 40-cot NICU in a tertiary referral hospital and included all infants colonised/infected with gentamicin-resistant MRSA.InterventionsStandard infection control measures including segregation of infants, barrier precautions, enhanced cleaning, assessment of staff practice including hand hygiene, and increased MRSA screening of infants were implemented. Continued MRSA acquisitions led to s...
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Saudi Pharmaceutical JournalAuthor(s): Hatice Demiray, Nurhayat Tabanca, Alden S. Estep, James J. Becnel, Betül DemirciAbstractStachys tmolea subsp. tmolea Boiss. is endemic to Turkey and is a species of the genus Stachys L. which is one of the largest genera of the family Lamiaceae with about 300 species. The aims of this study were to examine the chemical composition of the essential oil and n-hexane extract of S. tmolea subsp. tmolea as natural sources of insecticidal activity against the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti. Analysis of the essential oil by GC-FID and ...
CONCLUSION The available evidence, limited to low evidence level case reports and series, indicates cutaneous laser treatment during pregnancy is safe for both mother and fetus. Furthermore, laser physics and optics dictate there should theoretically be no risk of fetal laser exposure from commonly used cutaneous lasers.
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish ImmunologyAuthor(s): Hongxing Liu, Ting Ye, Tan Kar Soon, Hongkuan Zhang, Dewei Cheng, Shengkang Li, Hongyu Ma, Huaiping ZhengAbstractStocking density is a crucial factor in shellfish aquaculture that affects overall growth performance and health status. Present study analyzes the effects of stocking densities on growth, survival and hemolymph immune status of noble scallop Chlamys nobilis. The scallops with the same size were separately placed in the lantern cages (10 layers per cage) using high stocking density (500 scallops per cage) and low stock...
In conclusion, prenatal and recent MeHg exposure had no consistent pattern of associations to support the hypothesis that they are adversely associated with heart rate variability in this study population that consumes large amounts of fish.
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