Genetic variants associated with thermal pain sensitivity in a paediatric population

Abstract: Pain sensitivity is an inherited factor that varies strongly between individuals. We investigated whether genetic polymorphisms in the candidate genes COMT, OPRM1, OPRD1, TAOK3, TRPA1, TRPV1, and SCN9A are contributing to experimental pain variability between children. Our study included 136 children and adolescents (8-18 years). Cold and heat pain thresholds were determined with a Thermal Sensory Analyzer. Women and young children were significantly more sensitive to pain (P G G-allele carriers (AG and GG) rated the hot stimulus as significantly less painful than did OPRM1 118A>G AA genotyped individuals (2[1-5] vs 7 [3-9], respectively; P = 0.00005). Additionally, OPRM1 118G allele carriers reached more frequently the minimum temperature limit (44% vs 17%, respectively; P = 0.003) and maximum temperature limit (52% vs 24%, respectively; P = 0.0052), indicative for lower pain sensitivity. The combined genotype, based on expected pain sensitivity, OPRM1 118AA/COMT 472 GA or AA genotyped children, was associated with lower pain thresholds (ie, higher pain sensitivity) than were the OPRM1 118GA or GG/COMT 472GG genotyped children. This is the first study reporting on genetic variants and experimental thermal pain in children and adolescents. OPRM1 rs1799971 and the combined OPRM1/COMT genotype could serve as biomarkers for pain sensitivity.
Source: Pain - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

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