Cognitive Impairment, Depression Affect Oral Cancer Therapy Adherence

Patients with working memory dysfunctions and depression may be more likely to be nonadherent to oral cancer therapies, according to the results of a study presented at ESMO.
Source: CancerNetwork - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: News Source Type: news

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This study's researchers approached all people turning 85 in 2006 in two cities in the UK for participation. At the beginning of the study in 2006-2007, there were 722 participants, 60 percent of whom were women. The participants provided researchers with information about what they ate every day, their body weight and height measurements, their overall health assessment (including any level of disability), and their medical records. The researchers learned that more than one-quarter (28 percent) of very old adults had protein intakes below the recommended dietary allowance. The researchers noted that older adults w...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 7 November 2018Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial SurgeryAuthor(s): K. Kumar, S. Kumar, D. Mehrotra, S.C. Tiwari, V. Kumar, S. Khandpur, R.C. DwivediAbstractThe high morbidity and mortality that is associated with oral cancer places a huge psychological burden on patients. The purpose of this prospective study was to evaluate levels of depression, anxiety, and stress, at three time points using DASS-21 (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21). We also compared DASS-21 with HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale). A total of 111 patients were enrolled and 75 of them co...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Conclusion The results obtained from this research shows, in general, the fragility in the social and political infrastructure necessary to improve the living conditions of populations, particularly those that depend on family agriculture in drought prone areas. The conditions of social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities presented in the region can be amplified by the drought process, and can aggravate the impacts resulting drought events, thus disadvantaging the population of this region, as shown in the Fig. 1. The general perception of the interviewees of the health sector shows an agreement with what is found...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: When compared with controls matched for age, elderly patients with cognitive impairment who have feeding gastrostomy do not demonstrate improved survival. KEY WORDS: Anorexia, Dementia, Elderly, Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy. PMID: 30337506 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia - Category: Surgery Tags: Ann Ital Chir Source Type: research
This study suggests that exocrine glands can be induced from pluripotent stem cells for organ replacement regenerative therapy. Replacement of Aged Microglia Partially Reverses Cognitive Decline in Mice Researchers here report on a compelling demonstration that shows the degree to which dysfunctional microglia contribute to age-related neurodegeneration. The scientists use a pharmacological approach to greatly deplete the microglial population and then allow it to recover naturally. The...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Psycho-Oncology,Volume 0, Issue ja, -Not available-.
Source: Psycho-Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe oral exposure of PPI was enhanced in MN rats, which suggested that nutritional status alters the absorption of PPI, and thus the dosage of PPI should be modified during the treatment of cancer patient with PCM.
Source: European Journal of Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Swallowing ability and depression were the most important factors associated with dysphagia-specific health-related QOL. Patient-centered swallowing rehabilitation programs are recommended to help cope with swallowing impairment. PMID: 30322515 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Eur J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
Authors: Barğı G, Boşnak Güçlü M, Türköz Sucak AG Abstract OBJECTIVES: Fatigue is a common symptom in allogeneic-hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allogeneic-HSCT) recipients. However, effects of severe fatigue on pulmonary functions, blood cells, dyspnea, muscle strength, exercise capacity, depression and quality of life (QOL) in allogeneic-HSCT recipients are still unknown. Therefore, to compare pulmonary functions, blood levels, dyspnea, muscle strength, exercise capacity, depression, and QOL between allogeneic-HSCT recipients according to fatigue severity and to determine pr...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the implementation of IMRT, survivors of NPC still experience many physical symptoms that affect long-term QoL many years after treatment. Depression, anxiety, and fatigue remain common in long-term survivors and are highly correlated with QoL. PMID: 30191868 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Health Physics - Category: Physics Authors: Tags: Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys Source Type: research
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