Music therapy strikes a chord

Reposted with permission from Cochrane AustraliaA trio of music therapy reviews featured in last year ’s Australian top 100 Cochrane Library downloads, withMusic Therapy for depression coming in at number 7,Music Therapy for people with spectrum disorder at number 40 andMusic Therapy for people with dementia at 76. Recently a new update ofMusic interventions for cancer patientstook centre stage and madeheadlines around the world, finding that music may have beneficial effects on anxiety, pain, fatigue, depression and quality of life for people with cancer.‘It’s great to see these reviews are the subject of so much interest and discussion,’ says Emma Donoghue, resident music therapist and evidence officer withCochrane Australia. ‘Sometimes we find that people confuse music therapy with music education or entertainment, or perhaps think it involves mysterious crystals and incense. But these reviews help us highlight that music therapy is a well-established, research-based profession that supports the health and well-being of children and adults of every age, often at very difficult times in their lives. It’s an amazing profession to be a part of.’Emma graduated from the University of Melbourne ’s Masters of Music Therapy program two years ago, gaining the theoretical grounding and practical clinical placement experience necessary to pursue a career in the field. ‘Music therapists are trained to use music to support people to...
Source: Cochrane News and Events - Category: Information Technology Authors: Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: There is evidence that CBT is effective for youth with a (subclinical) depression. Our analyses show that effects might improve when CBT contains the components behavioral activation and challenging thoughts and also when the caregiver(s) are involved. However, the influential effects of these three moderators should be further tested in RCTs. PMID: 30658278 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions We suggest that interventions to decrease the burden of late-life depression should be targeted at individuals that are affected by chronic somatic comorbidities and are limited in mental and physical functioning. Promotion of help-seeking of older adults, de-stigmatization of mental illness and education of general practitioners could help decrease the gap in mental health service utilization. PMID: 30658276 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Evidence for cost-effectiveness of GermanIMPACT relative to treatment as usual is not clear. Only if societal WTP was ≥€180 for an additional DFD, GermanIMPACT could be considered cost-effective with certainty. PMID: 30658275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Apathy, but not depression, was significantly associated with worse function, with the strongest effects in mild dementia. Results emphasize the need for separate assessments of apathy and depression in the evaluation and treatment of patients with dementia. Understanding their independent effects on function will help identify patients who may benefit from more targeted management strategies. PMID: 30655032 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Older adults who receive rehabilitation services are at risk of having depressive and anxiety symptoms after these services have terminated. As mental illness is associated with considerable morbidity and may affect rehabilitation outcomes, additional efforts to identify and treat depression and anxiety in these older adults may be warranted. PMID: 30655031 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: localized or diffused hard-ligneous vaginal areas with Cork Wall sign represent the typical sign of disease presentation. PeNHVL is characterized by a very high sensitivity to chemotherapy and very favourable prognosis; therefore, radical surgery is not indicated. Histotype characterization is crucial to identify those uncommon variants associated with a less favorable clinical outcome. PMID: 30656635 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Histology and Histopathology - Category: Cytology Tags: Histol Histopathol Source Type: research
Authors: Chen SW, Xia HX, Fan QQ, Xie AW, Yu Y Abstract Obesity is an epidemic issue associated with low-grade inflammation and in most of the cases with poor iron condition that influences nearly every community. The present research experiment was designed to inspect the consequences of obesity on the micro architecture of heart and kidney tissues as well as on the expression of mRNA of some hepatic genes like Hepcidin, Transferrin and TNF-α in association with their role in iron regulation and proinflammatory responses in the body. Two tentative groups of Rattus norvegicus (each supplied with different pro...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
Authors: Bobrowska-Korczak B, Skrajnowska D, Seidel K, Bielecki W, Gadzinski B Abstract The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of zinc and copper, separately or in combination with resveratrol, on the concentration of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid (15-HETE) in urine of rats with mammary cancer (adenocarcinoma) induced with 7,12- dimethyl-1,2-benz[a]anthracene (+ DMBA). The research focused on the kinetics of alterations in urinary 15-HETE at the early stage of carcinogenesis, as well as on the influence of dietary factors on the process. The content of 15-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acid in the rats' u...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
This study applies biomechanical tests (a flexion-relaxation test and a functional movement evaluation test) to analyse the effectiveness of flexible lumbar supports in functionality and disability versus placebo intervention, consisting of kinesiotape placed on the low back without any stress. 28 workers participated in the study, randomised in control and intervention groups with a two months' intervention. None of the biomechanical tests showed statistical differences in between-groups pre-post changes. No benefits of wearing a flexible lumbar support during the workday have been found in these assembly-line workers ver...
Source: Industrial Health - Category: Occupational Health Tags: Ind Health Source Type: research
Authors: Mistretta FA, Carrion DM, Nazzani S, Vásquez JL, Fiori C, De Cobelli O, Porpiglia F, Esperto F Abstract Upper tract urinary carcinoma (UTUC) and bladder cancer (BCa) share similar biological, histological and pathological characteristics. These resemblances could explain the high rate of synchronous and metachronous tumours affecting both upper urinary tract and bladder. In patients affected by primary UTUC bladder recurrence is quite common and it represents one of the major concerns during the follow-up of patients who underwent radical nephro-ureterectomy. Conversely, UTUC recurrence after primar...
Source: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Minerva Urol Nefrol Source Type: research
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