Antibiotics could be cut by up to a third, say dairy farmers

Nine in 10 dairy farmers participating in a new survey from the Royal Association of British Dairy Farmers (RADBF) say that the farming industry must take a proactive lead in the battle against antibiotic resistance. Those questioned also think that over the next five years they could cut their own antibiotic use by almost a third in dry cow therapy and a fifth in clinical mastitis.
Source: University of Bristol news - Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Research; Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Veterinary Sciences; Press Release Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Svetlana Nedić, SlobodankaVakanjac, Marko Samardžija, Sunčica BorozanAbstractThe aim of this study was to determine serum lipid values and parameters of oxidative stress in blood and milk of cows with subclinical mastitis (SCM) caused by Staphylococcus aureus and to establish association between these parameters. The study was performed on total of 104 cows assigned into control group of healthy animals (n = 12) and two groups of cows with SCM, either SCM1 group (n = 37) with ˂ 1000 CFU/mL of S. aureus or SCM2 grou...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2019Source: Research in Veterinary ScienceAuthor(s): Ivana Dalila Montironi, Elina BeatrizReinoso, Valentina Croce Paullier, María Inés Siri, María Julia Pianzzola, Melina Moliva, Noelia Campra, Guillermo Bagnis, Isabel Ferreira LaRocque-de-Freitas, Debora Decote-Ricardo, Celio Geraldo Freire-de-Lima, José María Raviolo, Laura Noelia CariddiAbstractMinthostachys verticillata essential oil (EO) is a natural product that reports immunomodulatory effects on human T cells as well as anti-inflammatory activity. Bovine mastitis is a worldwide disease, ...
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
AbstractNeutrophil mobilization is a crucial response to protect the host against invading microorganisms. Neutrophil recruitment and removal have to be tightly regulated to prevent uncontrolled inflammation and excessive release of their toxic content causing tissue damage and subsequent organ dysfunctions. We show here the presence of live and apoptotic neutrophils in the cytoplasm of inflamed mammary, urinary and gall bladder epithelial cells following infection withE. coli and Salmonella bacteria. The entry process commenced with adherence of transmigrated neutrophils to the apical membrane of inflamed epithelial cells...
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Journal of Interferon&Cytokine Research, Ahead of Print.
Source: Journal of Interferon and Cytokine Research - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) in the treatment of bovine mastitis, as an alternative to systemic antibiotics. To identify the key factors affecting photoinactivation efficacy, realistic experiments in view of the end-use were conducted in milk samples using two different photosensitizers: methylene blue (MB) and silicon (IV) phthalocyanine derivative (SiPc). We explored the effects of divalent ions and fat content on the aPDT outcome and determined influence of different proteins on aPDT efficacy. Levels of bacterial sensitivity to PSs varied depending on the...
Source: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: Biology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research
Authors: Chakraborty S, Dhama K, Tiwari R, Iqbal Yatoo M, Khurana SK, Khandia R, Munjal A, Munuswamy P, Kumar MA, Singh M, Singh R, Gupta VK, Chaicumpa W Abstract Mastitis, an inflammation of the udder, is a challenging problem in dairy animals accounting for high economic losses. Disease complexity, degree of economic losses and increasing importance of the dairy industries along with public health concerns envisages devising appropriate diagnostics of mastitis, which can offer rapid, accurate and confirmatory diagnosis. The various diagnostic tests of mastitis have been divided into general or phenotypic and spec...
Source: Veterinary Quarterly - Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Vet Q Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate the immune responses and protection in dairy cows vaccinated with S. aureus surface proteins (SASP) or S. chromogenes surface proteins (SCSP). We divided eighteen Holstein dairy cows randomly into three groups of 6 animals each. We vaccinated group 1 and 2 animals with SASP and SCSP with Emulsigen-D adjuvant, respectively. We injected control (group 3) animals with PBS (pH 7.2) in Emulsigen®-D. We vaccinated animals three times at 28 and 14 days before drying off, and at dry off. Two weeks after the third vaccination, we challenged each animal by dipping all teats in S. aureu...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Mammary duct ectasia is when a milk duct in the breast becomes blocked and clogged up with fluid. It is not a serious condition and does not increase a person's risk of breast cancer. However, it may cause pain, tenderness, and swelling, and it can sometimes lead to an infection called mastitis. Learn more here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Women's Health / Gynecology Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): I.G. Petridis, G.C. FthenakisAbstractObjective of the paper is to describe mechanisms leading to mammary involution in ewes and changes taking place in the mammary gland during that period. Mammary involution is the regression of mammary tissue to non-secreting state and takes place as initiated, gradual or senile. In mutton-type production systems cessation of lactation is abrupt, whilst in dairy-type production systems it is progressive or abrupt. The period from cessation of milk removal until the beginning of subsequent lactation pe...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
As a kind of opportunist pathogen, Staphylococcus xylosus (S. xylosus) can cause mastitis. Antibiotics are widely used for treating infected animals and tylosin is a member of such group. Thus, the continuous use...
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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