One Health - Animal. Human. Environment.

One Health is a partnership between the USDA, FDA, CDC, NIH, FWS, and tribal Nations to maintain or reduce health risks to animals, humans, the environment, and society. The information portal's focus is antimicrobial resistance, avian influenza, and swine influenza.
Source: PHPartners.org - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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This study aimed to produce and fractionate IgY antibodies from the egg yolks of hens that were immunized with the total antigenic extracts of Strongyloides venezuelensis infectious filariform larvae (iL3) and parthenogenetic females (pF). IgY antibodies were then evaluated by their recognition of antigenic proteins, evolutive helminth forms, and serological diagnosis of human strongyloidiasis by the detection of immune complexes in serum samples. Egg yolks were fractionated to obtain IgY antibodies by thiophilic interaction chromatography. Immune complex detection in serum samples showed diagnostic values for anti-iL3 IgY...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Authors: Miranda J, Pinto J, Faustino M, Sánchez-Jacinto B, Ramirez F Abstract The main mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance are described using the Vitek® 2 system in uropathogens isolated in older adults from a private clinic in Lima. Descriptive study conducted between January 2014 and October 2016. Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and Proteus mirabilis obtained a sensitivity greater than 80% against piperacillin/ tazobactam, amikacin, and carbapenems. Moreover, 83.6% of Escherichia coli were nitrofurantoin-sensitive strains. A 41.7% of Escherichia coli, 50.9% of Klebsiella pneumoniae, and 5...
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: Salmonella Infantis has become one of the sero-varieties most frequently referred to the INS, which includes ESBLproducing multidrug-resistant strains with resistance to quinolones. Finally, the relevance of next generation sequencing is reasserted in the characterization of new variants of pathogens that are important for public health, and their potential use in antimicrobial resistance surveillance systems. PMID: 31116336 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2019Source: Journal of Theoretical BiologyAuthor(s): Shing Hei Ho, Daihai He, Raluca EftimieAbstractTwo mathematical models described by simple ordinary differential equations are developed to investigate the Hong Kong influenza epidemic during 2017 - 2018 winter, based on overall epidemic dynamics and different influenza subtypes. The first model, describing the overall epidemic dynamics, provides the starting data for the second model which different influenza subtypes, and whose dynamics is further investigated. Weekly data from December 2017 to May 2018 are obtained from the da...
Source: Journal of Theoretical Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2019Source: Microbial PathogenesisAuthor(s): Jing Zhao, Changqing Liu, Jiaojiao Zhang, Xiuying Huang, Guozhong ZhangAbstractTo investigate cytokine expression in chicken embryo fibroblast (CEF) cells, a virulent avian avulavirus 1 (AAvV-1) strain called SG10 that rapidly causes 100% mortality in its host, and a vaccine strain (La Sota) were characterized. Real-time quantitative PCR was performed on RNA samples from CEF cells, which were collected at 0, 24, 48 and 72 h post-infection. The dynamic expression patterns of ten cytokines (TNF-α, IFN-α, IFN-β, IL-1&beta...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study showed that many nurses are not aware of AS, or do not understand their role in contributing to AS endeavors. Infection preventionist education should focus on increasing staff nurse awareness and demonstrating how nurses can make specific AS interventions.
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
(Taylor&Francis Group) The most severe pandemic in recent history, killing some 50 million people worldwide, the Spanish influenza, may have emerged up to two years earlier than previously believed. And, according to a new and influential study, its early manifestation was ignored at the time as a 'minor infection.'
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
More than 30 migrants have tested positive for influenza at a major processing center on the Mexican border that was temporarily closed to stop the outbreak
Source: ABC News: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Health Source Type: news
In this study chIFN-α was used as adjuvant in inactivated AI H9N2 vaccine, modulated the immune response of chickens against the vaccine antigen through enhanced humoral and Th1-biased cell-mediated immunity, compared to chickens that received single AI H9N2 vaccine. To further test the protective efficacy of this improved vaccination regimen, immunized chickens were challenged with a high dose of LPAI H9N2 virus. Combined administration rchIFN-α showed markedly enhanced protection compared to single administration of the vaccine, as determined by mortality, clinical severity, and feed and water intake. This en...
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
In this study, we were able to improve accuracy during a prospective forecasting exercise by coupling dynamics between reg ions. Although reduction of forecast subjectivity should be a long-term goal, some degree of human intervention is likely to improve forecast accuracy in the medium-term in parallel with the systematic consideration of more sophisticated ensemble approaches.
Source: PLoS Computational Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Source Type: research
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