One Health - Animal. Human. Environment.

One Health is a partnership between the USDA, FDA, CDC, NIH, FWS, and tribal Nations to maintain or reduce health risks to animals, humans, the environment, and society. The information portal's focus is antimicrobial resistance, avian influenza, and swine influenza.
Source: PHPartners.org - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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J. Anal. At. Spectrom., 2020, Accepted Manuscript DOI: 10.1039/D0JA00288G, Technical NoteMargaret MacConnachie, Michel Lapointe, Eduardo Galiano-Riveros , Diane Beauchemin The Sudbury Basin in Ontario, Canada, has been heavily mined for over 150 years due to the presence of sulphide ores rich in nickel and copper. Slag is a by-product... The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - J. Anal. At. Spectrom. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
More than one-third of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continue to smoke cigarettes despite knowing they have the disease. This behavior has a negative impact on prognosis and progression, as repeated injury enhances the pathobiological mechanisms responsible for the disease. A combination of counseling plus pharmacotherapy is the most effective cessation treatment of smokers with COPD, and varenicline seems to be the most effective pharmacologic intervention. Preventing exacerbations in patients with COPD is a major goal of treatment, and vaccination against influenza and pneumococcus is an effe...
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Governments could help prevent chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) by reducing smoking rates; for example, through tobacco sale restriction, increasing tobacco prices, reducing nicotine content, and banning smoking in public areas and workplaces. Smoking cessation in general, and in particular among patients with COPD, could be achieved through specific programs, including behavior modification and the use of nicotine replacement therapy, bupropion, or varenicline. Prevention and/or slowed COPD progression could be achieved by occupational exposure prevention; improved indoor/outdoor air quality; reduced cooking a...
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract The bacterial peptidoglycan layer forms a complex mesh-like structure that surrounds the cell, imparting rigidity to withstand cytoplasmic turgor and the ability to tolerate stress. As peptidoglycan has been the target of numerous clinically successful antimicrobials such as penicillin, the biosynthesis, remodeling and recycling of this polymer has been the subject of much interest. Herein, we review recent advances in the understanding of peptidoglycan biosynthesis and remodeling in a variety of different organisms. In order for bacterial cells to grow and divide, remodeling of cross-linked peptidoglycan...
Source: Advances in Applied Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Adv Appl Microbiol Source Type: research
r CA Abstract Antimicrobial resistance is a worldwide public health threat. Farm animals are important sources of bacteria containing antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs). Although the use of antimicrobials in aquaculture and livestock has been reduced in several countries, these compounds are still routinely applied in animal production, and contribute to ARGs emergence and spread among bacteria. ARGs are transmitted to humans mainly through the consumption of products of animal origin (PAO). Bacteria can present intrinsic resistance, and once antimicrobials are administered, this resistance may be selected and ...
Source: Advances in Applied Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Adv Appl Microbiol Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): Sara E. Boyd, Anupama Vasudevan, Luke S.P. Moore, Christopher Brewer, Mark Gilchrist, Ceire Costelloe, Anthony C. Gordon, Alison H. Holmes
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): Wilson Dias Segura, Haissa Pereira Ramos, Renata Ester de Faria Blanc Amorim, Ághata Cardoso da Silva Ribeiro, Edimar Cristiano Pereira, Rodrigo Cayô, Ana Cristina Gales, Antônio J. Piantino Ferreira, Luciene Andrade da Rocha Minarini
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2020Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, Volume 22Author(s): Lesley Heesom, Lucas Rehnberg, Myra Nasim-Mohi, Alexander I.R. Jackson, Michael Celinski, Ahilanadan Dushianthan, Paul Cook, William Rivinberg, Kordo Saeed
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
Conclusions: Antimicrobial use and TTP procedures reduced in unvaccinated children after PCV10 introduction in infants. These indirect effects contribute to the savings in health care resource use for otitis and may also help in combating antimicrobial resistance.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Vaccine Reports Source Type: research
Conclusions: A significant proportion of influenza-related hospitalized patients develop neurologic complications, especially seizures which may be prolonged or recurrent. Previous underlying conditions pose the greatest risk to neurologic events, which increase disease severity.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
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