One Health - Animal. Human. Environment.

One Health is a partnership between the USDA, FDA, CDC, NIH, FWS, and tribal Nations to maintain or reduce health risks to animals, humans, the environment, and society. The information portal's focus is antimicrobial resistance, avian influenza, and swine influenza.
Source: PHPartners.org - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Wheezing prevalence in the first year of life remains high. Despite the temporal assessment showing a decrease in the prevalence of recurrent wheezing, a significant increase in its morbidity was identified due to the higher number of hospitalizations. In addition, there were signs of improvement in the wheezing management of infants, reflected by an increase in the diagnosis of asthma and a greater indication of preventive treatments.
Source: Revista Paulista de Pediatria - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: There was a possible correlation between gentamicin resistant samples and those that were positive for the ompA gene. The csuE gene correlated positively with ISAba1.RESUMO INTRODU ÇÃO: O sucesso das infecções por Acinetobacter baumannii pode ser atribuído a seus vários fatores de virulência e a mecanismos de resistência a antimicrobianos. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a presença e a correlação entre diferentes fatores de resistência e virulência em amostras clínicas de A. baumannii. MÉTODOS: Estudo conduzido em um hospital...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial ResistanceAuthor(s): Marwan Osman, Hiba Al Mir, Rayane Rafei, Fouad Dabboussi, Jean-Yves Madec, Marisa Haenni, Monzer HamzeAbstractAntibiotics can truly be considered the symbol of the 20th century's miracle drugs. However, excessive and inappropriate use of antibiotics in human and veterinary medicine has led to repercussions in terms of mortality, morbidity, and financial and societal costs, especially with the lack of novel drugs to combat infections caused by resistant pathogens. Unfortunately, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has ...
Source: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
In this study, screening of clinical isolates of SA showed β-lactamase activity in 11 clinical isolates (SA-1745, SA-2071, SA-2940, SA-3151, SA-4423, SA-4620, SA-4627, SA-4693, SA-4696, SA-10760, MRSA), and one wild- type strain (SA-96) by iodometric and nitrocefin disk methods. The antibiotic susceptibility profiles of 12 strains of SA were determined for four β-lactam antibiotics viz. penicillin, ampicillin, cefoxitin and oxacillin. All the clinical isolates showed resistant to these antibiotics. Further, minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of four β-lactam antibiotics was also determined by micro-broth...
Source: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research
This study reveals the origin of isosporan oocysts found in faeces of bank voles based on morphological analyses, phylogenetic analyses, and experimental infections. Morphological analyses showed the presence of the Stieda body complex on sporocysts. Phylogenetic analyses demonstrated close phylogenetic relationships between Isospora from bank voles and avian isosporans. Experimental inoculations of bank voles with sporulated oocysts of Isospora did not result in the production of unsporulated oocysts. Hence, these organisms should be considered pseudoparasites of the bank voles/rodents (probably originating from avian Isospora species).
Source: Protist - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
​BY GREGORY TAYLOR, DO; DAWN ZELENKA-JOSHOWITZ, DO; &ANDREW TAECKER, DOA 34-year-old man presented with intermittent fever and body aches for 10 days. He had been visiting family in India, and the symptoms began when he returned home. His fever had been as high as 104°F, and he was experiencing nausea, two episodes of bilious emesis, body aches, nonspecific abdominal pain, and multiple episodes of watery, nonbloody diarrhea.He said he knew of no tuberculosis exposure or ill contacts, and he was current on his routine influenza and hepatitis A vaccines. His temperature was 101.4°F (he had taken acetaminophen t...
Source: The Case Files - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Blog Posts Source Type: research
Conclusions: The HDV versus SDV comparison yielded less-biased estimates of the all-cause mortality before influenza season compared to those with nonuser comparison groups. Vaccine effectiveness and safety researchers should consider the active comparator design to reduce bias due to differences in underlying health status between vaccinated and unvaccinated individuals.
Source: Medical Care - Category: Health Management Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang J, Jing W, Zhang W, Jin Z Abstract In order to analyze the spread of avian influenza A (H7N9), we construct an avian influenza transmission model from poultry (including poultry farm, backyard poultry farm, live-poultry wholesale market, and wet market) to human according to poultry transport network. We obtain the threshold value for the prevalence of avian influenza A (H7N9) and also give the existence and number of the boundary equilibria and endemic equilibria in different conditions. We can see that poultry transport network plays an important role in controlling avian influenza A (H7N9). Finall...
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 December 2018Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Amelia M. Jamison, Sandra Crouse Quinn, Vicki S. FreimuthAbstractVaccine confidence depends on trust in vaccines as products and trust in the system that produces them. In the US, this system consists of a complex network connecting pharmaceutical companies, government agencies, and the healthcare system. We explore narratives from White and African American adults describing their trust in these institutions, with a focus on influenza vaccine. Our data were collected between 2012 and 2014 as part of a mixed-methods investigat...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Background: Our objective was to evaluate the appropriateness of antibiotic prescriptions in the neonatal intensive care unit using standardized criteria and determine the effects of an antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) on patterns of antibiotic usage. Methods: A retrospective audit of antibiotic use from July 2010 to June 2013 was conducted, focusing on prescriptions of vancomycin, cefotaxime, meropenem and linezolid for>3 calendar-days. We evaluated the appropriateness of each course of antibiotic treatment based on the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 12-Step Guidelines to Prevent Antimicrobial R...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Antimicrobial Reports Source Type: research
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