Studying nutrition could influence weight gain in female students

This month's Paper of the Month is from theJournal of Nutritional Scienceand is entitled ‘Majoring in nutrition influences BMI of female college students' . Authors Mee Young Hong, Tahirih L. Shepanski and Jaclyn B. Gaylis discuss their findings and implications for nutrition education for long term weight management of college students.IntroductionMaintaining healthy eating habits during college is challenging for most young adults. Studies have shown that college students gain an average of 3-10 lbs during their freshman year which makes it harder to maintain a healthy weight throughout adulthood. This weight-gain may be associated with a lack of variety in food choices, low fruit and vegetable intake, a diet high in refined carbohydrates, fat, soda and fast foods, as well as lower physical activity levels. Nutrition education during college is most important in order to educate college students on how to make healthy dietary and lifestyle choices which may impact their overall health and well-being. Nutrition majors not only have a strong foundation of knowledge on nutrition, food choices and diseases, but additionally on food preparation and exercise physiology.It is often assumed that nutrition majors have healthier dietary behaviors and lifestyles. However, the effectiveness of college nutrition courses on the habits of nutrition majors in correlation with student ’s Body Mass Index (BMI), food habits, snack choices and exercise patterns have not been well i...
Source: The Nutrition Society - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: news

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CONCLUSIONS: VIS was feasible in clinical routine. Compared to the other evaluated blocks, the VIS for the infragluteal access to the sciatic nerve was rated worst. VIS is found to be worse in obese patients. Further research is needed to evaluate VIS and its suitability for specific questions as for instance anesthetists' learning curves, comparison of different patient populations, ultrasound devices or different nerve blocks. PMID: 32643357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 11 July 2020Source: World Journal of Acupuncture - MoxibustionAuthor(s): Rosa Vilares Santos, Jorge Magalhães Rodrigues, Maria Irene Jesus
Source: World Journal of Acupuncture Moxibustion - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Sağraç D, Şişli HB, Doğan A Abstract The Apelin receptor (Aplnr) is a G-protein coupled receptor which has a wide body distribution and various physiological roles including homeostasis, angiogenesis, cardiovascular and neuroendocrine function. Apelin and Elabela are two peptide components of the Aplnr signaling and are cleaved to give different isoforms which are active in different tissues and organisms.Aplnr signaling is related to several pathologies including obesity, heart disases and cancer in the adult body. However, the developmental role in mammalian embryogenesis is crucial for migrat...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Okosun IS, Nkemjika S, Okosun B, Lyn R, Airhihenbuwa CO Abstract AIM: To determine differences in lifestyle modification practices and use of prescription drugs in a representative sample of Mexican American (MA), non-Hispanic White (NHW), and non-Hispanic Black (NHB) elderly Americans with metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Data from the United States National Health and Nutritional Examination Surveys were used in this study. Lifestyle modification practices include ongoing physical activity, weight control, and ongoing diet modifications. Prescription drugs include anti-diabetic, anti-obesity, lipi...
Source: Journal of the National Medical Association - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Natl Med Assoc Source Type: research
This study tried at  identifying lifestyle patterns in a sample of Lebanese adults and investigating their association with metabolically healthy overweight and obesity (MHOv/O).MethodsThis study used data from a community-based survey of Lebanese adults living in Greater Beirut (n = 305). Dietary intake was assessed using an 80-item food frequency questionnaire. MHOv/O was defined as having one or none of the following metabolic abnormalities: triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL; systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg; diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmH...
Source: European Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Authors: Barrea L, Pugliese G, Muscogiuri G, Laudisio D, Colao A, Savastano S Abstract The prevalence of obesity increases worldwide and has a significant economic impact on health care systems. A comprehensive program of lifestyle modification, including diet, exercise, and behavior therapy is considered the first option for achieving the significant weight loss. However, the intrinsic difficulties associated with maintenance of lifestyle changes contribute to the unsatisfactory long-term outcomes reported and weight regain in the obesity management. In this context, pharmacological approaches are useful to maximi...
Source: Minerva Endocrinologica - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Minerva Endocrinol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 July 2020Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): S Le Brocq, K Clare, M Bryant, K Roberts, AA Tahrani, writing group form Obesity UK, Obesity Empowerment Network, UK Association for the Study of Obesity
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Poor survival outcomes occurred among overweight patients treated with docetaxel-based adjuvant chemotherapy compared with peers given a non-taxane-based regimen.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Hematology-Oncology Headlines - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news
AbstractIntroductionOsteoporosis is a common disorder characterized by decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Interestingly, osteoporosis and obesity have several similar features, including a genetic predisposition and a common bone marrow stem cell. With aging, the composition of bone marrow shifts to adipocytes, osteoclast activity increases, and osteoblast function declines, resulting in osteoporosis.Materials and methodsWe performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) analysis with osteoporosis and body mass index (BMI) and did identify an association in 349 and 384 SNPs by filtering with the significantp values (p 
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionIn hepatitis C (HCV) patients, obesity and/or diabetes may increase the risk of liver-related outcomes. We aimed to determine whether diabetes and/or obesity are associated with adverse outcomes in direct-acting antiviral (DAA)-treated HCV patients.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective study of 33,003 HCV-infected, DAA-treated Veterans between 2013 and 2015. Body mass index was used to categorize patients into underweight (
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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