Effects of Longitudinal Glucose Exposure on Cognitive and Physical Function: Results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Movement and Memory Study

ObjectivesTo test whether average long‐term glucose exposure is associated with cognitive and physical function in middle‐aged and younger‐old adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. DesignProspective cohort study. SettingData obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Movement and Memory ancillary study (NCT01410097). ParticipantsOverweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 at baseline (N = 879). MeasurementsGlycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured at regular intervals over 7 years, and objective measures of cognitive function (Trail‐Making Test, Modified Stroop Color‐Word Test, Digit Symbol‐Coding, Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, Modified Mini‐Mental State Examination) and physical function (Short Physical Performance Battery, expanded Physical Performance Battery, 400‐m and 20‐m gait speed) and strength (grip and knee extensor strength) were assessed at the Year 8 or 9 follow‐up examination. ResultsAverage HbA1c exposure was 7.0 ± 1.1% (53 ± 11.6 mmol/mol), with 57% of participants classified as having HbA1c levels of less than 7% (64 mmol/mol). After adjustment for age, sex, race, education, smoking status, alcohol intake, knee pain, physical fitness, body mass index, diabetes mellitus medication and statin use, ancillary year visit, and study arm and site, higher HbA1c was associated with worse physical but not cognitive function. Further adju...
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

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DiscussionIntestinal TB most commonly affected region is the ileocaecal, accounts for 64% of the incidence of gastrointestinal TB. The main reasons for the predilection of ileocaecal region are due to relatively longer faecal static, the abundant of lymphoid tissue, a neutral pH environment and absorptive transport mechanisms that allow swallowed mycobacterium to be absorbed. Intestinal TB may pose similar symptoms as those found in pulmonary TB, yet patients most commonly presenting with abdominal pain. Bacteriological signs and histopathological findings are gold standard for ITB diagnosis. Therapy for ITB includes pharm...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
We report 13 cases (11 males/2 females) of SPM. The average age was 31 ± 0.85 years. The most common precipitating factor was asthma attack. The onset symptoms were mainly chest pain (11 cases). Synchronous pneumothorax was found in 5 cases and it was bilateral in 2 patients. The evolution was marked by the spontaneous resorption. SMP is an underrecognized cause of chest pain in young adults. Chest radiography is usually sufficient for the diagnosis, and further diagnostic procedures are generally not necessary. The prognosis is often favorable.
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 October 2019Source: Sensing and Bio-Sensing ResearchAuthor(s): Farah Nabila Diauudin, Jahwarhar Izuan Abdul Rashid, Victor Feizal Knight, Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus, Keat Khim Ong, Noor Azilah Mohd Kasim, Norhana Abdul Halim, Siti Aminah Mohd NoorAbstractThis review encompasses a literature review of chemical warfare agents (CWAs) and the attendant advantages and limitations of existing techniques (i.e. gas chromatography, liquid chromatography and ion mobility spectrometry) used for the detection of CWAs in previous decades. CWAs include the following agent classes i.e. nerve agents, bliste...
Source: Sensing and Bio Sensing Research - Category: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionT1D prevalence is constantly increasing worldwide, but at slower pace in Africa in comparison to developed countries. Difficulties to access to high standard care and population poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa, represents a major independent factor of poor therapeutic observance.
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
ConclusionAs expected, the postoperative hip function is similar, but patients’ preference is not. The latter result might be true or possibly influenced by preoperative psychological factors and mental health. The DAA and the posterolateral or direct lateral approaches have shown to lead to a similar hip function, but a majority of patients subjectively prefer the DAA.Level of evidenceIII.
Source: Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Surgery and Research - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In conclusion, Chinese postmenopausal women with T2DM had a similar risk of incident VFs, but a significantly higher risk of incident non-VF, compared to women without DM. Higher BMI did not modify the effect of T2DM on risk of VFs, but it increased the association be tween T2DM and risk of non-VFs. LS BMDT-score was similarly and negatively associated with VF risk in T2DM and non-DM women and appear to be useful for clinical evaluation of VF risk.
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Authors: Aoun J, Hattar L, Dgaily K, Wong G, Bhat T Abstract Introduction: Transradial cardiac catheterization (TRA) was introduced in 1989 and has been universally used as an alternative approach to the traditional transfermoral access (TFA). Complications of TRA include asymptomatic and less likely symptomatic radial artery occlusion, nonocclusive radial artery injury, radial artery spasm, radial arterial perforation, radial artery pseudoaneurysm, arteriovenous fistula, granuloma formation, access-site bleeding, nerve damage, complex regional pain syndrome along with other rare complications. Areas covered: A lit...
Source: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy - Category: Cardiology Tags: Expert Rev Cardiovasc Ther Source Type: research
ConclusionsFindings from this study indicate that foetal rs5707 polymorphisms may play a significant role in PE/E development, especially among overweight or obese pregnant women in China.
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionSub-cutaneous and/ or intra-peritoneal anesthesia were not effective in reducing post-operative pain.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
ConclusionOverall hyperplasia incidence is increasing. While BMI is elevated, there was no upward trend observed. Does the insidious decline in age demographic suggest that hyperplasia is occurring in younger women? Our review did not demonstrate a continuous increase in atypia, however there was a higher incidence in the 2013 group, who were also the most obese. Adherence to best practice surveillance in our hospitals was falling short.
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
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