Racial-Differences in Speech-Language Pathology Utilization and Cost among Persons with Aphasia in the Stroke Belt

To examine racial differences in speech-language pathology (SLP) utilization and costs among persons with aphasia (PWA) being treatment in acute care hospitals in North Carolina (NC).
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Source Type: research

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Conclusions: We speculated that damages to the basal ganglia disrupted the cortico-subcortical circuits that facilitated the transhemispheric communications of language functions, resulting in decreased interhemispheric FC. Consequently, the intrahemispheric FC increased as a possible compensatory mechanism to restore the language functions. PMID: 31955634 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Brain Injury - Category: Neurology Tags: Brain Inj Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 January 2020Source: NeuropsychologiaAuthor(s): Maria Dekhtyar, Swathi Kiran, Teresa GrayAbstractThe bilingual advantage proposes that bilingual individuals have enhanced cognitive control compared to their monolingual counterparts. Bilingualism has also been shown to contribute to cognitive reserve by offsetting the behavioral presentation of brain injury or neural degeneration. However, this effect has not been closely examined in individuals with post-stroke or post-TBI aphasia. Because bilingualism has been suggested as a factor of cognitive reserve, it may provide protective mechan...
Source: Neuropsychologia - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
An elderly woman with h/o stroke and aphasia seemed different to her daughter, and was pointing all over her body as if in pain.They called 911.She had a history of PCI to the circumflex and also of severe mitral regurgitation, status post bioprosthetic valve replacement.  Also a h/o LV aneurysm with thrombus, on anticoagulation, as well as a dual chamber pacemaker. On arrival, the BP was 60/30.Here is the initial ECG:There is atrial pacing and Right Bundle Branch Block (RBBB)There is STE in I and aVL, V5, V6, with reciprocal STD in II, III, aVFThere is appropriately discordant ST depression in V1-V3 (appropriate...
Source: Dr. Smith's ECG Blog - Category: Cardiology Authors: Source Type: blogs
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Source: Aphasiology - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Authors: Source Type: research
A 57-year-old man with atherosclerosis obliterans was admitted with sudden-onset sensory aphasia and right hemiparesis. Brain MRI revealed acute cerebral infarctions in the left temporal lobe and magnetic resonance angiography showed occlusion of the posterior branch of the left middle cerebral artery. Transesophageal echocardiography and ultrasonography respectively confirmed a patent foramen ovale and deep vein thrombosis in the bilateral femoral veins. Blood findings showed low protein S antigen, low protein S activity, and a missense mutation of the PROS 1 gene.
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Despite widespread use of rTMS, high-quality evidence for its routine use for the treatment of stroke survivors is lacking. Further studies are required to establish differential roles of various protocols and long-term effects of rTMS in the stroke population. PMID: 31922207 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: J Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Conclusion: We demonstrated that a single session of excitatory iTBS over Wernicke's area was safe and led to a transient facilitation of auditory comprehension in chronic stroke patients with lesions in the same area. Further studies are needed to establish whether TBS-induced modulation can be enhanced and transformed into longer-lasting effects by means of repeated TBS sessions and by combining TBS with speech and language therapy.
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Augmented telerehabilitation via videoconference may be a viable rehabilitation model for aphasia affecting language outcomes poststroke. A definitive trial with 230 participants is needed to confirm results. PMID: 31903800 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tags: Clin Rehabil Source Type: research
One ‐third of patients with ischaemic stroke before 70 years of age showed increased muscle tone at 7‐year follow‐up. Half of them also had classical spasticity, and almost every tenth had one or more contractures. Increased muscle tone was predicted by age, arm paresis, aphasia, and facial palsy at index stroke. AbstractBackgroundSystematic studies on increased muscle tone and spasticity late after ischemic stroke, without any selection, are limited. Therefore, we aimed to determine the prevalence of increased muscle tone, classical spasticity and contracture and predictors of increased muscle tone seven years after...
Source: Brain and Behavior - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 December 2019Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart AssociationAuthor(s): Carlos Minguito-Carazo, Tomás Benito-González, Julio Cesar Echarte-Morales, Mario Castaño-Ruiz, Felipe Fernández-VázquezAbstractA 78-year-old woman with a history of transient ischemic attack was admitted for sudden aphasia. In order to assess the potential cardioembolic source an echocardiogram was performed, which revealed a large mass consistent with a thrombus in transit through a patent foramen ovale. Because of the high risk of systemic embolism, emergent surgical thrombectomy...
Source: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
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